Proteomics

Dataset Information

42

Bistability in the Rac1, PAK and RhoA signalling network is a feature of cell motility.


ABSTRACT: Dynamic interactions between RhoA and Rac1, members of the Rho small GTPase family, play a vital role in the control of cell migration. Using predictive mathematical modelling and experimental validation in MDA-MB-231 mesenchymal breast cancer cells, we show that Rac1 and RhoA interactions via the PAK-family kinases can produce bistable, switch-like responses to a graded PAK inhibition. Using a small chemical inhibitor of PAK we confirm the model conjecture demonstrating that cellular RhoA and Rac activation levels respond in a bistable manner to PAK inhibition where for a given inhibition level these levels are high or low depending on the history of the system. Consequently, we show that downstream signalling, actin dynamics and cell migration also behave in a bistable fashion, displaying abrupt switches and hysteresis in response to PAK inhibition. In summary, our results demonstrate that PAK is a critical component in the Rac1-RhoA inhibitory crosstalk that mediates bistable GTPase activity and cell migration switches.

INSTRUMENT(S): Q Exactive

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Alex von Kriegsheim  

PROVIDER: MSV000080751 | MassIVE | Wed Mar 29 06:08:00 BST 2017

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PXD003213

REPOSITORIES: MassIVE

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Publications


Dynamic interactions between RhoA and Rac1, members of the Rho small GTPase family, play a vital role in the control of cell migration. Using predictive mathematical modeling, mass spectrometry-based quantitation of network components, and experimental validation in MDA-MB-231 mesenchymal breast cancer cells, we show that a network containing Rac1, RhoA, and PAK family kinases can produce bistable, switch-like responses to a graded PAK inhibition. Using a small chemical inhibitor of PAK, we demo  ...[more]

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