Proteomics

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Mammalian telomeres reforged with non-telomeric sequences


ABSTRACT: Telomere is a highly refined system for maintaining the stability of linear chromosomes. Most telomeres rely on simple repetitive sequences and telomerase enzymes, but in some species or telomerase-defective situations, alternative telomere lengthening (ALT) mechanism is utilized to protect chromosomal ends. Telomere loss can induce telomere recombination by which specific sequences can be recruited into telomeres. However, canonical telomeric repeat-based telomeres have been found in mammals. Here, we show that mammalian telomeres can also be completely reconstituted using a non-telomeric unique sequence. We found that a specific subtelomeric element, named as mouse template for ALT (mTALT), is utilized for repairing telomeric DNA damage and composing new telomeric sequences in mouse embryonic stem cells. We found a high-level of non-coding mTALT transcript despite the heterochromatic nature of mTALT-based telomere. After ALT activation, the increased HMGN1, a non-histone chromosomal protein, contributed to maintaining telomere stability by regulating telomeric transcriptions. Our findings reveal novel molecular features of potential telomeric sequences which can reconstitute telomeres during cancer formation and evolution.

INSTRUMENT(S): Orbitrap Fusion Lumos

SUBMITTER: Junho Lee  

PROVIDER: MSV000085772 | MassIVE | Fri Jul 17 11:04:00 BST 2020

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PXD020419

REPOSITORIES: MassIVE

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