Objective: Metabolomic analyses of postmenopausal hormone use and differences between hormone regimes was carried out to identify metabolites associated with each type of hormone treatment.
Methods: Untargeted metabolomics analysis was carried out on serum from 1,336 women enrolled in the Cancer Prevention II Nutrition Cohort. Levels of 781 named metabolites were compared between 667 nonusers with 332 estrogen-only and with 337 estrogen plus progestin users using linear regression. Metabolite levels were also compared between estrogen-only and estrogen plus progestin users.
Results: Compared to nonusers, 276 metabolites were statistically significantly (P<6.40 x 10-5) associated with estrogen-only use and 222 were associated with estrogen plus progestin use. The metabolites associated with both types of hormones included numerous lipids, acyl carnitines, and amino acids as well as the thyroid hormone thyroxine and the oncometabolite fumarate. The 65 metabolites that differed significantly between estrogen-only and estrogen plus progestin users included 19 steroids and 12 lipids that contained the bioactive fatty acid arachidonic acid.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that postmenopausal hormone use influences metabolic pathways linked to a variety of cellular processes, including the regulation of metabolism and stress responses, energy production, and inflammation. The differential association of numerous lipids that could influence cellular signaling suggests that differences in signal transduction may contribute to the disparate risks for some diseases between estrogen-only and estrogen plus progestin users.
INSTRUMENT(S): Q Exactive
SUBMITTER: Victoria Stevens
Metabolomics : Official journal of the Metabolomic Society 20180706 7
INTRODUCTION:Postmenopausal hormone use is linked to several health outcomes and the risk associated with some may differ depending on whether estrogen is used alone or in combination with progestin. OBJECTIVE:Metabolomic analyses of postmenopausal hormone use and differences between hormone regimes was done to identify metabolites associated with each type of hormone treatment. METHODS:Untargeted metabolomics analysis was done on serum from 1336 women enrolled in the Cancer Prevention II Nutrit ...[more]