PatA mediates biofilm formation and drugs resistance through regulating the synthesis of glycolipids and lipids in mycobacterium PatA mediates a novel mycolic acid synthesis pathway and regulates biofilm formation in mycobacterium
ABSTRACT: Glycolipids and lipids are prominent components of bacterial cell wall that play critical roles not only in maintaining the biofilm formation but also in resistance to environmental stress. PatA is an essential membrane associated acyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of phosphatidyl-myo-inositol mannosides (PIMs), which are the key glycolipid components in the cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, whether or not PatA regulates the lipids synthesis and affects drugs resistance and biofilm formation in mycobacterium is unclear, and the mechanisms involved remain to be explored. Here we show that PatA can directly regulate the synthesis of glycolipids and lipids to maintain the drugs resistance and biofilm formation in Mycobacterium smegmatis. Interestingly, the INH resistance of patA-deleted mutant is significantly enhanced although its biofilm formation is reduced. This is due to PatA negative regulation the synthesis of mycolic acids through a novel mycolic acid synthesis pathway other than the FAS pathway, which could efficiently counteract the inhibition of isoniazid on mycolic acids synthesis in mycobacterium. Furthermore, PatA is highly conserved including amino acid sequences and physiological functions in mycobacterium. Therefore, PatA regulates the synthesis of glycolipids and lipids to affect drugs resistance and biofilm formation in mycobacterium. Our findings provide a novel mycolic acids synthetic pathway and novel insights into the molecular mechanism of glycolipids and lipids metabolism regulation and their correlation with bacterial physiological phenotypes.
INSTRUMENT(S): Liquid Chromatography MS - negative - reverse phase, Liquid Chromatography MS - positive - reverse phase
SUBMITTER: Kun Wang
PROVIDER: MTBLS6758 | MetaboLights | 2023-05-22