Project description:Background:Sillaginidae, also known as smelt-whitings, is a family of benthic coastal marine fishes in the Indo-West Pacific that have high ecological and economic importance. Many Sillaginidae species, including the Chinese sillago (Sillago sinica), have been recently described in China, providing valuable material to analyze genetic diversification of the family Sillaginidae. Here, we constructed a reference genome for the Chinese sillago, with the aim to set up a platform for comparative analysis of all species in this family. Findings:Using the single-molecule real-time DNA sequencing platform Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) Sequel, we generated ?27.3 Gb genomic DNA sequences for the Chinese sillago. We reconstructed a genome assembly of 534 Mb using a strategy that takes advantage of complementary strengths of two genome assembly programs, Canu and FALCON. The genome size was consistent with the estimated genome size based on k-mer analysis. The assembled genome consisted of 802 contigs with a contig N50 length of 2.6 Mb. We annotated 22,122 protein-coding genes in the Chinese sillago genomes using a de novo method as well as RNA sequencing data and homologies to other teleosts. According to the phylogenetic analysis using protein-coding genes, the Chinese sillago is closely related to Larimichthys crocea and Dicentrarchus labrax and diverged from their ancestor around 69.5-82.6 million years ago. Conclusions:Using long reads generated with PacBio sequencing technology, we have built a draft genome assembly for the Chinese sillago, which is the first reference genome for Sillaginidae species. This genome assembly sets a stage for comparative analysis of the diversification and adaptation of fishes in Sillaginidae.
Project description:Silver sillago, Sillago sihama is a member of the family Sillaginidae and found in all Chinese inshore waters. It is an emerging commercial marine aquaculture species in China. In this study, high-quality chromosome-level reference genome of S. sihama was first constructed using PacBio Sequel sequencing and high-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) technique. A total of 66.16 Gb clean reads were generated by PacBio sequencing platforms. The genome-scale was 521.63?Mb with 556 contigs, and 13.54?Mb of contig N50 length. Additionally, Hi-C scaffolding of the genome resulted in 24 chromosomes containing 96.93% of the total assembled sequences. A total of 23,959 protein-coding genes were predicted in the genome, and 96.51% of the genes were functionally annotated in public databases. A total of 71.86 Mb repetitive elements were detected, accounting for 13.78% of the genome. The phylogenetic relationships of silver sillago with other teleosts showed that silver sillago was separated from the common ancestor of Sillago sinica ?7.92?Ma. Comparative genomic analysis of silver sillago with other teleosts showed that 45 unique and 100 expansion gene families were identified in silver sillago. In this study, the genomic resources provide valuable reference genomes for functional genomics research of silver sillago.
Project description:Sillago sihama has high economic value and is one of the most attractive aquaculture species in China. Despite its economic importance, studies of its genome have barely been performed. In this study, we conducted a first genomic survey of S. sihama using next-generation sequencing (NGS). In total, 45.063 Gb of high-quality sequence data were obtained. For the 17-mer frequency distribution, the genome size was estimated to be 508.50 Mb. The sequence repeat ratio was calculated to be 21.25%, and the heterozygosity ratio was 0.92%. Reads were assembled into 1,009,363 contigs, with a N50 length of 1362 bp, and then into 814,219 scaffolds, with a N50 length of 2173 bp. The average Guanine and Cytosine (GC) content was 45.04%. Dinucleotide repeats (56.55%) were the dominant form of simple sequence repeats (SSR).
Project description:Jia-Guang Xiao, Na Song, Zhi-Qiang Han, and Tian-Xiang Gao (2016) Reliance only on morphology to identify fishes to the species level is challenging when the diagnostic characters are similar among related taxa. Within the genus Sillago, differences among some nominal species are generally small and restricted to a few characters. In this study, a new species of Sillago (Sillago shaoi sp. nov.) was described using morphology and genetic analysis of DNA barcoding. The morphological results differentiated S. shaoi sp. nov. from eight other Sillago spp. Genetic analysis verified both the validity of the current taxonomy and the relationships between the new species and other Sillago species. S. shaoi sp. nov. formed a monophyletic group as a distinct phylogenetic species and showed strong genetic divergence from others. The present study also revealed that the COI gene was an effective molecular marker for identifying Sillago species.