Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level in motile strain of Sphingomonas. sp A1 All flagellar genes in motile strain of Sphingomonas. sp A1 are highly transcribed. A two chip study using total RNA recovered from wild-type and motile strains of Sphingomonas. sp A1 grown in 0.5% alginate medium.
Project description:Recent functional genomics and genome-scale modeling approaches indicated that B12 production in Lactobacillus reuteri could be improved by medium optimization. Here we show that a series of systematic single amino acid omissions could significantly modulate the production of B12 from nearly undetectable levels (by isoleucine omission) to 20-fold higher than previously reported through omission of cysteine. We analyzed by cDNA microarray experiments the transcriptional response of L. reuteri to the medium lacking cysteine. These results supported the observed high B12 production and provided new avenues for future improvement of production of vitamin B12. Keywords: cell type comparison Overall design: loop design
Project description:Recent functional genomics and genome-scale modeling approaches indicated that B12 production in Lactobacillus reuteri could be improved by medium optimization. Here we show that a series of systematic single amino acid omissions could significantly modulate the production of B12 from nearly undetectable levels (by isoleucine omission) to 20-fold higher than previously reported through omission of cysteine. We analyzed by cDNA microarray experiments the transcriptional response of L. reuteri to the medium lacking cysteine. These results supported the observed high B12 production and provided new avenues for future improvement of production of vitamin B12. Keywords: cell type comparison loop design
Project description:Welan gum is mainly produced by Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 and has broad applications in industry such as that in cement production. Both carbon and nitrogen sources are essential for welan production. However, how nitrogen sources affect the metabolism and gene transcription of welan remains elusive. Here, we used next-generation sequencing RNA-seq to analyze the transcriptome of Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 in the presence of inorganic or organic nitrogen sources. Enriched gene expression and pathway analysis suggest that organic nitrogen sources significantly enhanced the expression of genes in central metabolic pathways of Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 and those critical for welan synthesis compared to that observed using inorganic nitrogen sources. The present study improves our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying the use of nitrogen in welan synthesis in Sphingomonas sp., as well as provides an important transcriptome resource for Sphingomonas sp. in relation to nitrogen sources. Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 strain (stored in our laboratory) was first seeded in an inoculum medium (20 g/L glucose, 3 g/L yeast extract, 3 g/L malt extract, and 5 g/L fish meal protein peptone, pH 7.0), and then cultured in a fermentation medium containing 40 g/L sucrose, 4.0 g/L nitrogen source, 0.6 g/L KH2PO4, and 0.2 g/L MgSO4.7H2O at 37°C. The nitrogen sources used in the present study were as follows: NaNO3 (4.0 g/L) as inorganic nitrogen (IN), beef extract (4.0 g/L) as organic nitrogen (ON), and NaNO3 (1.5 g/L) + beef extract (2.5 g/L) as complex nitrogen (CN). All cultivations were conducted in flasks with constant rotary shaking at 400–1,000 rpm and 37°C.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Sphingomonas. sp A1 AlgO-deficient mutant grown on alginate compared with that on yeast extract AlgO is a possble transcriptional factor described in J. Bacteriol. (2000) 182(14):3998-4004 by Momma K, Okamoto M, Mishima Y, Mori S, Hashimoto W, and Murata K. A two chip study using total RNA recovered from two cultures of Sphingomonas. sp A1 AlgO-deficient mutant grown in 0.5% alginate medium and 0.5% yeast extract medium. Each chip measures the expression level of genes from Sphingomonas. sp A1.
Project description:Folate, and its synthetic form folic acid, function as donor of one-carbon units and have been, together with other B-vitamins, implicated in programming of epigenetic processes such as DNA methylation during early development. To what extent regulation of DNA methylation can be altered via B-vitamins later in life, and how this relates to health and disease, is not exactly known. The aim of this study was to identify effects of long-term supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12 on genome-wide DNA methylation in elderly subjects. This project was part of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial on effects of supplemental intake of folic acid and vitamin B12 on bone fracture incidence (B-PROOF study). Participants with mildly elevated homocysteine levels, aged 65-75 years, were randomly assigned to take 400 µg folic acid and 500 µg vitamin B12 per day or a placebo during an intervention period of two years. DNA was isolated from buffy coats, collected before and after intervention, and genome-wide DNA methylation was determined in 87 participants (n=44 folic acid/vitamin B12, n=43 placebo) using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. After intervention with folic acid and vitamin B12, 162 (versus 14 in the placebo group) of the 431,312 positions were differentially methylated as compared to baseline. Comparisons of the DNA methylation changes in the participants receiving folic acid and vitamin B12 versus placebo, revealed one single differentially methylated position (cg19380919) with a borderline statistical significance. However, based on the analyses of differentially methylated regions (DMRs) consisting of multiple positions, we identified 6 regions that differed statistically significantly between the intervention and placebo group. Pronounced changes were found for regions in the DIRAS3, ARMC8 and NODAL genes, implicated in carcinogenesis and early embryonic development. Furthermore, serum levels of folate and vitamin B12 or plasma homocysteine were related to DNA methylation of 173, 425 and 11 regions, respectively. Interestingly, for several members of the developmental HOX genes, DNA methylation was related to serum levels of folate. Long-term supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B12 in elderly subjects resulted in effects on DNA methylation of several genes, among which genes implicated in developmental processes. Overall design: A randomized, placebo-controlled intervention trial was used to study the effects of long-term supplementation (2 year) with folic acid (400 µg/day) and vitamin B12 (500 µg/day) on DNA methylation in elderly subjects. This entry contains the DNA methylation data of DNA isolated from buffy coats collected before and after the intervention with folic acid / vitamin B12 or placebo.