Project description:Pseudomonas citronellolis is a Gram negative, motile gammaproteobacterium belonging to the order Pseudomonadales and the family Pseudomonadaceae. We isolated strain P3B5 from the phyllosphere of basil plants (Ocimum basilicum L.). Here we describe the physiology of this microorganism, its full genome sequence, and detailed annotation. The 6.95 Mbp genome contains 6071 predicted protein coding sequences and 96 RNA coding sequences. P. citronellolis has been the subject of many studies including the investigation of long-chain aliphatic compounds and terpene degradation. Plant leaves are covered by long-chain aliphates making up a waxy layer that is associated with the leaf cuticle. In addition, basil leaves are known to contain high amounts of terpenoid substances, hinting to a potential nutrient niche that might be exploited by P. citronellolis. Furthermore, the isolated strain exhibited resistance to several antibiotics. To evaluate the potential of this strain as source of transferable antibiotic resistance genes on raw consumed herbs we therefore investigated if those resistances are encoded on mobile genetic elements. The availability of the genome will be helpful for comparative genomics of the phylogenetically broad pseudomonads, in particular with the sequence of the P. citronellolis type strain PRJDB205 not yet publicly available. The genome is discussed with respect to a phyllosphere related lifestyle, aliphate and terpenoid degradation, and antibiotic resistance.
Project description:The diversity among a set of bacterial strains that have the capacity to degrade total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in soil contaminated with oily sludge (hazardous hydrocarbon waste from oil refineries) was determined. TPH is composed of alkane, aromatics, nitrogen-, sulfur-, and oxygen-containing compound, and asphaltene fractions of crude oil. The 150 bacterial isolates which could degrade TPH were isolated from soil samples obtained from diverse geoclimatic regions of India. All the isolates were biochemically characterized and identified with a Biolog microbial identification system and by 16S rDNA sequencing. Pseudomonas citronellolis predominated among the 150 isolates obtained from six different geographically diverse samplings. Of the isolates, 29 strains of P. citronellolis were selected for evaluating their genetic diversity. This was performed by molecular typing with repetitive sequence (Rep)-based PCR with primer sets ERIC (enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus), REP (repetitive extragenic palindromes), and BOXAIR and PCR-based ribotyping. Strain-specific and unique genotypic fingerprints were distinguished by these molecular typing strategies. The 29 strains of P. citronellolis were separated into 12 distinguishable genotypic groups by Rep-PCR and into seven genomic patterns by PCR-based ribotyping. The genetic diversity of the strains was related to the different geoclimatic isolation sites, type of oily sludge, and age of contamination of the sites. These results indicate that a combination of Rep-PCR fingerprinting and PCR-based ribotyping can be used as a high-resolution genomic fingerprinting method for elucidating intraspecies diversity among strains of P. citronellolis.
Project description:Pseudomonas citronellolis SJTE-3, isolated from the active sludge of a wastewater treatment plant in China, can utilize a series of environmental estrogens and estrogen-like toxicants. Here, we report its whole-genome sequence, containing one circular chromosome and one circular plasmid. Genes involved in estrogen biodegradation in this bacterium were predicted.
Project description:This is the first case report of infection with the environmental bacterium Pseudomonas citronellolis, presented here as a urinary tract and bloodstream infection that occurred shortly after a transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida has attracted much interest for its environmental, industrial, biotechnological, and clinical importance. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the type strain P. putida NBRC 14164. This genome sequence will assist to further elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the characteristic traits among strains belonging to the species P. putida.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida KF715 (NBRC 110667) utilizes biphenyl as a sole source of carbon and degrades polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Here, we report a complete genome sequence of the KF715 strain, which comprises a circular chromosome and four plasmids. Biphenyl catabolic genes were located on the largest plasmid, pKF715A.
Project description:Levulinic acid (LA) is a building block alternative to fermentable sugars derived from cellulosic biomass. Among LA catabolic processes in Pseudomonas putida KT2440, ligation of coenzyme A (CoA) to LA by levulinyl-CoA synthetase (LvaE) is known to be an initial enzymatic step in LA metabolism. To identify the genes involved in the first step of LA metabolism in Pseudomonas citronellolis LA18T, RNA-seq-based comparative transcriptome analysis was carried out for LA18T cells during growth on LA and pyruvic acid. The two most highly upregulated genes with LA exhibited amino acid sequence homologies to cation acetate symporter and 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase from Pseudomonas spp. Potential LA metabolic genes (lva genes) in LA18T that clustered with these two genes and were homologous to lva genes in KT2440 were identified, including lvaE2 of LA18T, which exhibited 35% identity with lvaE of KT2440. Using Escherichia coli cells with the pCold™ expression system, LvaE2 was produced and investigated for its activity toward LA. High performance liquid chromatography analysis confirmed that crude extracts of E. coli cells expressing the lvaE2 gene could convert LA to levulinyl-CoA in the presence of both HS-CoA and ATP. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that LvaE2 and LvaE formed a cluster with medium-chain fatty acid CoA synthetase, but they fell on different branches. Superimposition of LvaE2 and LvaE homology-based model structures suggested that LvaE2 had a larger tunnel for accepting fatty acid substrates than LvaE. These results indicate that LvaE2 is a novel levulinyl-CoA synthetase.
Project description:Here, we report the draft genome sequence of strain NBRC 16556, deposited as Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. hygroscopicus into the NBRC culture collection. An average nucleotide identity analysis confirmed that the taxonomic identification is correct. The genome sequence will serve as a valuable reference for genome mining to search new secondary metabolites.
Project description:Alcanivorax sp. strain NBRC 101098 was isolated from seawater in Japan. Strain NBRC 101098 is able to degrade various types of n-alkanes. Here, we report the complete genome of strain NBRC 101098.