Project description:Nitrous oxide (N2O)-reducing bacteria, which reduce N2O to nitrogen in the absence of oxygen, are phylogenetically spread throughout various taxa and have a potential role as N2O sinks in the environment. However, research on their physiological traits has been limited. In particular, their activities under microaerophilic and aerobic conditions, which severely inhibit N2O reduction, remain poorly understood. We used an O2 and N2O micro-respirometric system to compare the N2O reduction kinetics of four strains, i.e., two strains of an Azospira sp., harboring clade II type nosZ, and Pseudomonas stutzeri and Paracoccus denitrificans, harboring clade I type nosZ, in the presence and absence of oxygen. In the absence of oxygen, the highest N2O-reducing activity, Vm,N2O, was 5.80 ± 1.78 × 10-3 pmol/h/cell of Azospira sp. I13, and the highest and lowest half-saturation constants were 34.8 ± 10.2 ?M for Pa. denitirificans and 0.866 ± 0.29 ?M for Azospira sp. I09. Only Azospira sp. I09 showed N2O-reducing activity under microaerophilic conditions at oxygen concentrations below 110 ?M, although the activity was low (10% of Vm,N2O). This trait is represented by the higher O2 inhibition coefficient than those of the other strains. The activation rates of N2O reductase, which describe the resilience of the N2O reduction activity after O2 exposure, differ for the two strains of Azospira sp. (0.319 ± 0.028 h-1 for strain I09 and 0.397 ± 0.064 h-1 for strain I13) and Ps. stutzeri (0.200 ± 0.013 h-1), suggesting that Azospira sp. has a potential for rapid recovery of N2O reduction and tolerance against O2 inhibition. These physiological characteristics of Azospira sp. can be of promise for mitigation of N2O emission in industrial applications.
Project description:Azospira suillum strain PS (formally Dechlorosoma suillum strain PS) is a metabolically versatile betaproteobacterium first identified for its ability to grow by dissimilatory reduction of perchlorate and chlorate [denoted (per)chlorate]. Together with Dechloromonas species, these two genera represent the dominant (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria in mesophilic freshwater environments. In addition to (per)chlorate reduction, A. suillum is capable of the anaerobic oxidation of humic substances and is the first anaerobic nitrate-dependent Fe(II) oxidizer outside the Diaphorobacter and Acidovorax genera for which there is a completed genome sequence.
Project description:modENCODE_submission_541 This submission comes from a modENCODE project of Susan Celniker. For full list of modENCODE projects, see http://www.genome.gov/26524648 Project Goal: We will generate over 600 RNA samples in biological triplicate and use them to generate expression profile maps detailing the sites of transcription across the fly genome using whole genome tiling arrays at 38 bp resolution as a broad survey of the transcriptome and 7 bp arrays resolution to identify at high resolution transcripts ends, splice sites, and small RNAs. For data usage terms and conditions, please refer to http://www.genome.gov/27528022 and http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Research/ENCODE/ENCODEDataReleasePolicyFinal2008.pdf Keywords: Transcript tiling array analysis EXPERIMENT TYPE: Transcript tiling array analysis. BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: Strain: Y cn bw sp; Developmental Stage: Pupae, WPP + 2 days; Genotype: y oc[R3.2]; Gr22b Gr22d cn CG33964[R4.2] bw sp; LysC lab[R4.2] MstProx GstD5 Rh6; NUMBER OF REPLICATES: 3; EXPERIMENTAL FACTORS: Strain Y cn bw sp; Developmental Stage Pupae, WPP + 2 days
Project description:Here we present the draft genome of Leucobacter sp. strain UCD-THU. The genome contains 3,317,267 bp in 11 scaffolds. This strain was isolated from a residential toilet as part of an undergraduate project to sequence reference genomes of microbes from the built environment.
Project description:Bradyrhizobium sp. strain WSM1743 is an aerobic, motile, Gram-negative, non-spore-forming rod that can exist as a soil saprophyte or as a legume microsymbiont of an Indigofera sp. WSM1743 was isolated from a nodule recovered from the roots of an Indigofera sp. growing 20 km north of Carnarvon in Australia. It is slow growing, tolerates up to 1 % NaCl and is capable of growth at 37 °C. Here we describe the features of Bradyrhizobium sp. strain WSM1743, together with genome sequence information and its annotation. The 8,341,956 bp high-quality permanent draft genome is arranged into 163 scaffolds and 167 contigs, contains 7908 protein-coding genes and 75 RNA-only encoding genes and was sequenced as part of the Root Nodule Bacteria chapter of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.