Project description:The principles governing acquisition and interspecies exchange of nutrients in microbial communities and how those exchanges impact community productivity are poorly understood. Here, we examine energy and macronutrient acquisition in unicyanobacterial consortia for which species-resolved genome information exists for all members, allowing us to use multi-omic approaches to predict species’ abilities to acquire resources and examine expression of resource-acquisition genes during succession. Metabolic reconstruction indicated that a majority of heterotrophic community members lacked the genes required to directly acquire the inorganic nutrients provided in culture medium, suggesting high metabolic interdependency. The sole primary producer in consortium UCC-O, cyanobacterium Phormidium sp. OSCR, displayed declining expression of energy harvest, carbon fixation, and nitrate and sulfate reduction proteins but sharply increasing phosphate transporter expression over 28 days. Most heterotrophic members likewise exhibited signs of phosphorus starvation during succession. Though similar in their responses to phosphorus limitation, heterotrophs displayed species-specific expression of nitrogen acquisition genes. These results suggest niche partitioning around nitrogen sources may structure the community when organisms directly compete for limited phosphate. Such niche complementarity around nitrogen sources may increase community diversity and productivity in phosphate-limited phototrophic communities. Overall design: Cultures of Oscar UCC were split on day 0 into 12 flasks and grown in nitrate alone. Triplicate samples were taken at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. RNA was extracted and libraries were constructed using standard SOP. There was no rRNA depletion. After sequencing, reads were mapped against Hot Lake community GTF file version 0715. Reads were converted to RPKM for each bin (organism) after filtering out tRNA and other non-CDS reads. Final data files contain summary of sample results and results separated into individual species.
Project description:The planktonic versus biofilm gene expression arrays were performed in a/alpha cell types. Gene expression arrays were performed on planktonic vs biofilm cells grown in Spider medium at 37C. Normalized data is reported in matrix. Biofilm strains (48 hour biofilms) were compared to planktonic strains (log phase planktonic cells) in Spider medium at 37C.
Project description:Anode-associated multi-species exoelectrogenic biofilms are essential to the function of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). The investigation of electrode-associated biofilms is critical to advance understanding of the function of individual members within communities that thrive using an electrode as the terminal electron acceptor. This study focusses on the analysis of a model biofilm community consisting of Shewanella oneidensis, Geobacter sulfurreducens and Geobacter metallireducens. The conducted experiments revealed that the organisms can build a stable biofilm on an electrode surface that is rather resilient to changes in the redox potential of the anode surface. The community operated at maximum electron transfer rates with electrode potentials of 0.04 V versus normal hydrogen electrode. Current densities decreased gradually with lower potentials and reached half-maximal values at -0.08 V. A positive interaction of the individual strains could be observed in our experiments. At least S. oneidensis and G. sulfurreducens show an upregulation of their central metabolism as a response to cultivation under mixed-species conditions. Interestingly, G. sulfurreducens was detected in the planktonic phase of the bioelectrochemical reactors only in mixed-culture experiments but not when it was grown in the absence of the other two organisms. It is possible that G. sulfurreducens cells used flavins which were released by S. oneidensis cells as electron shuttles. This would allow the organism to broaden its environmental niche. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study describing the dynamics of biofilm formation of a model exoelectrogenic community, the resilience of the biofilm, and the molecular responses towards mixed-species conditions. Overall design: RNA-seq of three species growing as biofilms on electrodes. Triplicate samples were analyzed for each species in pure culture and a mixed culture of all three species. Samples were taken from the biofilms and the plantonic phase, independently.
Project description:Full title: Environmental transcriptome analysis of LfeRT32a in its natural microbial community comparing the biofilm and planktonic modes of life. Extreme acidic environments are characterized among other features by the high metal content and the lack of nutrients (oligotrophy). Macroscopic biofilms and filaments usually grow on the water-air interface or under the stream attached to solid substrates (streamers). In the Tinto River (Spain), brown filaments develop under the water stream where the Gram-negative iron-oxidizing bacteria Leptospirillum ferrooxidans and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans are abundant. Both microorganisms play a critical role in bioleaching processes for industrial (biominery) and environmental applications (acid mine drainage, bioremediation). The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological differences between the free living (planktonic) and the sessile (biofilm associated) lifestyles of L. ferrooxidans as part of a natural extremely acidophilic community. Overall design: Differential expression profile of biofilm cells using planktonic cells as control. Two biological replicates. Two replicates per array.
Project description:We used whole-genome microarrays to identify the global transcriptional changes during biofilm dispersal and also to investigate the molecular mechanism that regulating biofilm dispersal. Overall design: S. mutans biofilms at different dispersal stages were collected for microarray analysis