Project description:Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is a major nosocomial pathogen. We describe the whole-genome sequences of two multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from hospitalized patients in the intensive care unit at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Ghana. The isolates carry multiple resistance genes, including those for ?-lactams, sulfonamides, aminoglycosides, and tetracycline.
Project description:Acinetobacter baumannii is a pathogen that is becoming increasingly important and causes serious hospital-acquired infections. We sequenced the genome of A. baumannii NCTC 13423, a multidrug-resistant strain belonging to the international clone II group, isolated from a human infection in the United Kingdom in 2003. The 3,937,944 bp draft genome has a GC-content of 39.0 % and a total of 3672 predicted protein-coding sequences. The availability of genome sequences of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii isolates will fuel comparative genomic studies to help understand the worrying spread of multidrug resistance in this pathogen.
Project description:The draft genome sequences of the strains Acinetobacter baumannii 107m, Acinetobacter nosocomialis 28F, and Acinetobacter pittii 42F, isolated from Colombian hospitals, are reported here. These isolates are causative of nosocomial infections and are classified as multidrug resistant, as they showed resistance to four different antibiotic groups.
Project description:The global epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is dominated by a limited number of clones. Here, we announce the draft genome sequences of two multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains, 1H8 and 4A3, representing the major epidemic clones, sequence type 92 (ST92) and ST96, respectively.
Project description:We compare the whole-genome sequences of two multidrug-resistant clinical Acinetobacter baumannii isolates recovered in the same patient before (ABIsac_ColiS susceptible to colistin and rifampin only) and after (ABIsac_ColiR resistant to colistin and rifampin) treatment with colistin and rifampin. We decipher all the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, and we found mutations in the rpoB gene and in the PmrAB two-component system explaining resistance to rifampin and colistin in ABIsac_ColiR, respectively.
Project description:Infection by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the major causes of hospital-acquired infections worldwide. The ability of A. baumannii to survive in adverse conditions as well as its extensive antimicrobial resistance make it one of the most difficult to treat pathogens associated with high mortality rates. The aim of this study was to investigate MDR A. baumannii that has spread among pediatric cancer patients in the Children's Cancer Hospital Egypt 57357. Whole-genome sequencing was used to characterize 31 MDR A. baumannii clinical isolates. Phenotypically, the isolates were MDR, with four isolates showing resistance to the last-resort antibiotic colistin. Multilocus sequence typing showed the presence of eight clonal groups, two of which were previously reported to cause outbreaks in Egypt, and one novel sequence type (ST), Oxf-ST2246. Identification of the circulating plasmids showed the presence of two plasmid lineages in the isolates, strongly governed by sequence type. A large number of antimicrobial genes with a range of resistance mechanisms were detected in the isolates, including β-lactamases and antibiotic efflux pumps. Analysis of insertion sequences (ISs) revealed the presence of IS<i>Aba1</i> and IS<i>Aba125</i> in all the samples, which amplify β-lactamase expression, causing extensive carbapenem resistance. Mutation analysis was used to decipher underlying mutations responsible for colistin resistance and revealed novel mutations in several outer membrane proteins, in addition to previously reported mutations in <i>pmrB</i>. Altogether, understanding the transmissibility of A. baumannii as well as its resistance and virulence mechanisms will help develop novel treatment options for better management of hospital-acquired infections. <b>IMPORTANCE</b> Acinetobacter baumannii represents a major health threat, in particular among immunocompromised cancer patients. The rise in carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii, and the development of resistance to the last-resort antimicrobial agent colistin, complicates the management of A. baumannii outbreaks and increases mortality rates. Here, we investigate 31 multidrug resistant A. baumannii isolates from pediatric cancer patients in Children's Cancer Hospital Egypt (CCHE) 57357 via whole-genome sequencing. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) showed the presence of eight clonal groups including a novel sequence type. <i>In silico</i> detection of antimicrobial-resistant genes and virulence factors revealed a strong correlation between certain virulence genes and mortality as well as several point mutations in outer membrane proteins contributing to colistin resistance. Detection of CRISPR/Cas sequences in the majority of the samples was strongly correlated with the presence of prophage sequences and associated with failure of bacteriophage therapy. Altogether, understanding the genetic makeup of circulating A. baumannii is essential for better management of outbreaks.
Project description:Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is an urgent threat worldwide. This bacterium is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with limited available treatment options. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of five carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from human samples.
Project description:We report complete genome sequences of four blaNDM-1-harboring Gram-negative multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates from Colombia. The blaNDM-1 genes were located on 193-kb Inc FIA, 178-kb Inc A/C2, and 47-kb (unknown Inc type) plasmids. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) revealed that these isolates belong to sequence type 10 (ST10) (Escherichia coli), ST392 (Klebsiella pneumoniae), and ST322 and ST464 (Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter nosocomialis, respectively). Our analysis identified that the Inc A/C2 plasmid in E. coli contained a novel complex transposon (Tn125 and Tn5393 with three copies of blaNDM-1) and a recombination "hot spot" for the acquisition of new resistance determinants.
Project description:<i>Acinetobacter baumannii</i> is one of the main causes of nosocomial infections. Increasing numbers of multidrug-resistant <i>Acinetobacter baumannii</i> cases have been reported in recent years, but its antibiotic resistance mechanism remains unclear. We studied 9 multidrug-resistant (MDR) and 10 drug-susceptible <i>Acinetobacter baumannii</i> clinical isolates using Label free, TMT labeling approach and glycoproteomics analysis to identify proteins related to drug resistance. Our results showed that 164 proteins exhibited different expressions between MDR and drug-susceptible isolates. These differential proteins can be classified into six groups: a. proteins related to antibiotic resistance, b. membrane proteins, membrane transporters and proteins related to membrane formation, c. Stress response-related proteins, d. proteins related to gene expression and protein translation, e. metabolism-related proteins, f. proteins with unknown function or other functions containing biofilm formation and virulence. In addition, we verified seven proteins at the transcription level in eight clinical isolates by using quantitative RT-PCR. Results showed that four of the selected proteins have positive correlations with the protein level. This study provided an insight into the mechanism of antibiotic resistance of multidrug-resistant <i>Acinetobacter baumannii</i>.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter species are common causes of nosocomial infections worldwide. Recently we reported the occurrence of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae, P. aeruginosa and Acinetobacter species at Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda, but the isolates were not analyzed for genetic relatedness. Herein we report the intra-species genotypic diversity among P. aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from hospitalized patients and the environment at Mulago Hospital, using repetitive elements-based PCR (Rep-PCR) genotyping.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 736 specimens from hospitalized patients were processed for culture and sensitivity testing yielding 9 (1.2%) P. aeruginosa and 7 (0.95%) A. baumannii. Similarly, 100 samples from the hospital environment were processed yielding 33 (33%) P. aeruginosa and 13 (13%) A. baumannii. Altogether, 62 non-repetitive isolates were studied (42 P. aeruginosa and 20 A. baumannii), of which 38% (16/42) P. aeruginosa and 40% (8/20) A. baumannii were multidrug resistant (isolates resistant to three or more classes of antimicrobials). Carbapenem resistance prevalence was 33 and 21% for P. aeruginosa from patients and the environment, respectively, while it was 14 and 86% for A. baumannii from patients and environment, respectively. Cluster analysis of the Rep-PCR fingerprints revealed a high level of genetic diversity among the isolates within each species as few isolates were clustered (at 100% level of similarity). More to this, the clustered isolates revealed a complex nature of multidrug resistant P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii clones circulating at Mulago Hospital. Importantly, certain isolates from the environment and patients were clustered, implying that hospitalized patients at Mulago were probably infected with strains from the environment.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The prevalence of multidrug resistant P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii is high at Mulago Hospital but carbapenem resistance prevalence remains relatively low in isolates from hospitalized patients. Importantly, the prevalence of carbapenem resistance in isolates from the environment is high implying the infection control practices at the hospital might be inadequate.