Project description:In the present study, 50 strains of yellow-pigmented gram-positive rods that had been isolated from human clinical specimens and collected over a 5-year period were further characterized by phenotypic and molecular genetic methods. All 50 strains belonged to the genus Microbacterium, and together they represented 18 different species. Microbacterium oxydans (n = 11), M. paraoxydans (n = 9), and M. foliorum (n = 7) represented more than half of the strains included in the present study. The isolation of strains belonging to M. hydrocarbonoxydans (n = 2), M. esteraromaticum (n = 1), M. oleivorans (n = 1), M. phyllosphaerae (n = 1), and M. thalassium (n = 1) from humans is reported for the first time. Microbacterium sp. strain VKM Ac-1389 (n = 1) and the previously uncultured Microbacterium sp. clone YJQ-29 (n = 1) probably represent new species. Comprehensive antimicrobial susceptibility data are given for the 50 Microbacterium isolates. This study is, so far, the largest on Microbacterium spp. encountered in human clinical specimens and outlines the heterogeneity of clinical Microbacterium strains.
Project description:A yellow-pigmented coryneform rod was isolated from the blood of a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who was perfused with a central venous catheter. The culture bottles were positive twice, at a 2-month interval. The isolate was identified as a Microbacterium sp. and studied along with five other similar strains. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genetic characteristics indicated that they are closely related to Microbacterium oxydans but that they belong to a distinct species, for which the name Microbacterium paraoxydans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of M. paraoxydans is CF36(T) = DSM 15019(T). The G+C content of its DNA is 69.9 mol%.
Project description:Arsenic-contaminated areas of Sanganer, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India were surveyed for the presence of metal resistant bacteria contaminated with textile effluent. Samples were collected from soil receiving regular effluent from the textile industries located at Sanganer area. The properties like pH, electrical conductivity, organic carbon, organic matter, exchangeable calcium, water holding capacity and metals like arsenic, iron, magnesium, lead and zinc were estimated in the contaminated soil. In total, nine bacterial strains were isolated which exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of arsenic ranging between 23.09 and 69.2mM. Four out of nine arsenic contaminated soil samples exhibited the presence of arsenite hyper-tolerant bacteria. Four high arsenite tolerant bacteria were characterized by 16S rDNA gene sequencing which revealed their similarity to Microbacterium paraoxydans strain 3109, Microbacterium paraoxydans strain CF36, Microbacterium sp. CQ0110Y, Microbacterium sp. GE1017. The above results were confirmed as per Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. All the four Microbacterium strains were found to be resistant to 100μg/ml concentration of cobalt, nickel, zinc, chromium selenium and stannous and also exhibited variable sensitivity to mercury, cadmium, lead and antimony. These results indicate that the arsenic polluted soil harbors arsenite hyper-tolerant bacteria like Microbacterium which might play a role in bioremediation of the soil.
Project description:Recent studies demonstrated that degradation of the military explosive hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) by species of Rhodococcus, Gordonia, and Williamsia is mediated by a novel cytochrome P450 with a fused flavodoxin reductase domain (XplA) in conjunction with a flavodoxin reductase (XplB). Pulse field gel analysis was used to localize xplA to extrachromosomal elements in a Rhodococcus sp. and distantly related Microbacterium sp. strain MA1. Comparison of Rhodococcus rhodochrous 11Y and Microbacterium plasmid sequences in the vicinity of xplB and xplA showed near identity (6,710 of 6,721 bp). Sequencing of the associated 52.2-kb region of the Microbacterium plasmid pMA1 revealed flanking insertion sequence elements and additional genes implicated in RDX uptake and degradation.
Project description:Xanthan, a highly stable polysaccharide which is not easily degraded by most microorganisms, contains a cellulosic backbone with trisaccharide side chains composed of mannosyl-glucuronyl-mannose attached ?-1,3 to alternating glucosyl residues. Different digestion strategies were first applied to demonstrate the complexity about the proteomes of Microbacterium sp. XT11 in xanthan medium and glucose medium. Significantly up-regulated proteins induced by xanthan were screened out by the label-free quantitation of the proteomes of Microbacterium sp. XT11 in xanthan medium and glucose medium. Consequently, 2746 and 2878 proteins were identified in proteomes of Microbacterium sp. XT11 in xanthan medium and glucose medium individually, which represent 80.6 and 84.4% of total protein dataset predicted to be expressed by the gene. In the list of 430 induced proteins containing the proteins specifically expressed or up-regulated in xanthan medium, 19 proteins involved in carbohydrate-active enzymes database and 38 proteins annotated with transporter activity were critical in the degrading pathway of xanthan. Four CAZymes (GH3, GH38, GH9, and PL8) and one ABC transporter (LX1-1GL001097) were verified with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Four CAZymes (GH3, GH38, GH9, and PL8) were further verified with the enzyme assay. This study suggests a xanthan-degrading pathway in Microbacterium sp. XT11, and other potential xanthan degradation-related proteins still need further investigation.
Project description:The microbiota that spoil long-life micro-filtered milk generally includes species of the genus Microbacterium. The metabolic properties of this of microorganisms that could potentially modify the quality of micro-filtered milk are still unexplored when compared to better-known microorganisms, such as the spore-forming Bacillus and Paenibacillus spp., and Gram-negative contaminants, such as species of the genera Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter. In this preliminary study, two strains of Microbacterium (M. lacticum 18H and Microbacterium sp. 2C) isolated from micro-filtered milk were characterized in depth, both phenotypically and genotypically, to better understand their role in long-term milk spoilage. The study highlights the ability of these strains to produce high cell numbers and low acidification in micro-filtered milk under storage and shelf-life conditions. Phenotypic analyses of the two Microbacterium sp. isolates revealed that both strains have low proteolytic and lipolytic activity. In addition, they have the ability to form biofilms. This study aims to be a preliminary investigation of milk-adapted strains of the Microbacterium genus, which are able to grow to high cellular levels and perform slight but not negligible acidification that could pose a potential risk to the final quality of micro-filtered milk. Furthermore, M. lacticum 18H and Microbacterium sp. 2C were genotypically characterized in relation to the characteristics of interest in the milk environment. Some protein-encoding genes involved in lactose metabolism were found in the genomes, such as ?-galactosidase, lactose permease, and L-lactate dehydrogenase. The phenotypically verified proteolytic ability was supported in the genomes by several genes that encode for proteases, peptidases, and peptide transferases.
Project description:The genus Microbacterium is composed of high GC content, Gram-positive bacteria of the phylum Acintobacteria known for their antibiotic production. Microbacterium species commonly colonize agricultural rhizospheres and more infrequently have been found to colonize and infect human tissues as well. Here we report the 3,696,310 bp draft genome (chromosome and plasmids) sequence assembled at the scaffold level from 232 contigs of Microbacterium sp. strain AISO3, isolated from polluted San Jacinto River sediment in Channelview, Texas. The nucleotide sequence of this genome was deposited into NCBI GenBank under the accession NHRF00000000.
Project description:Microbacterium (formerly Corynebacterium) sp. No. 7 was isolated from activated sludge as a polypropylene glycol (PPG)-assimilating bacterial strain. Its oxidative PPG degradation has been proposed on the basis of PPG dehydrogenase activity and the metabolic products. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Microbacterium sp. No. 7. The genome of the strain No. 7 is composed of a 4,599,046-bp circular chromosome and two linear plasmids. The whole finishing was conducted in silico with aids of the computational tools GenoFinisher and AceFileViewer. Strain No. 7 is available from the Biological Resource Center, National Institute of Technology and Evaluation (NITE) (Tokyo, Japan).
Project description:Microbacterium sp. 4N2-2, isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, converts the antibacterial fluoroquinolone norfloxacin to N-acetylnorfloxacin and three other metabolites. Because N-acetylation results in loss of antibacterial activity, identification of the enzyme responsible is important for understanding fluoroquinolone resistance. The enzyme was identified as glutamine synthetase (GS); N-acetylnorfloxacin was produced only under conditions associated with GS expression. The GS gene (glnA) was cloned, and the protein (53 kDa) was heterologously expressed and isolated. Optimal conditions and biochemical properties (K(m) and V(max)) of purified GS were characterized; the purified enzyme was inhibited by Mn(2+), Mg(2+), ATP, and ADP. The contribution of GS to norfloxacin resistance was shown by using a norfloxacin-sensitive Escherichia coli strain carrying glnA derived from Microbacterium sp. 4N2-2. The GS of Microbacterium sp. 4N2-2 was shown to act as an N-acetyltransferase for norfloxacin, which produced low-level norfloxacin resistance. Structural and docking analysis identified potential binding sites for norfloxacin at the ADP binding site and for acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) at a cleft in GS. The results suggest that environmental bacteria whose enzymes modify fluoroquinolones may be able to survive in the presence of low fluoroquinolone concentrations.
Project description:The genus Microbacterium contains bacteria that are ubiquitously distributed in various environments and includes plant-associated bacteria that are able to colonize tissue of agricultural crop plants. Here, we report the 3,508,491 bp complete genome sequence of Microbacterium sp. strain BH-3-3-3, isolated from conventionally grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa) from a field in Vestfold, Norway. The nucleotide sequence of this genome was deposited into NCBI GenBank under the accession CP017674.