Project description:Helicobacter pylori infection reprograms host gene expression and influences various cellular processes, which have been investigated by cDNA microarray in vitro culture cells and in vivo patients of the chronic abdominal complaint. In this study，the effects of H. pylori infection on host gene expression in the gastric antral mucosa of patients with chronic gastritis were examined. The gastric antral mucosa was obtained from a total of 6 untreated patients undergoing gastroscopic and pathologic confirmation of chronic superficial gastritis. Three patients infected by H. pylori and 3 patients uninfected were used to cDNA microarray experiment.
Project description:Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen that colonizes the human gastric mucosa, causing gastritis, duodenal and gastric ulcers, and gastric carcinoma. Here we announce the draft genomes of H. pylori strain 17874, commonly used for studying motility, and P79, a strain for which plasmid vectors have been developed.
Project description:Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis is a risk factor for developing gastric pathologies. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant H. pylori strain isolated from a chronic gastritis patient in Mexico City, Mexico. Nonvirulent VacA and cag-pathogenicity island (PAI) genotypes were found, but the presence of a potential mobilizable plasmid carrying an IS605 element is of outstanding interest.
Project description:Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates can establish themselves in gastric epithelial stem cells and this interaction may have implications for gastric tumorigenesis. Mouse gastric epithelial progenitor cells (mGEPs) were infected for 24hrs with Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates Kx1 and Kx2. Kx1 and Kx2 were also grown in cell media in the absence of cells. Kx1 was isolated from a patient with chronic atrophic gastritis (ChAG) and Kx2 from the same patient 4 years later, when he progressed to gastric adenocarcinoma. Keywords: RNA Expression Array Overall design: H. pylori strains Kx1 or Kx2 that had been grown to log phase were used to infect mGEP cells.. After 24h, media and non-attached bacteria were washed off and the cells harvested by trypsinization. RNA was prepared from bacteria infecting mGEP cells or bacterial cultures of Kx1 and Kx2 grown in cell media for 24h in the absence of mGEP cells.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori has been isolated from 10%-20% of human chronic cholecystitis specimens but the characteristics of "Helicobacter pylori positive cholecystitis" remains unclear. This study aims to compare the clinicopathological features between chronic cholecystitis patients with and without Helicobacter pylori infection in gallbladder mucosa. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-six chronic cholecystitis patients were divided into two groups according to whether Helicobacter pylori could be detected by culture, staining or PCR for Helicobacter 16s rRNA gene in gallbladder mucosa. Positive samples were sequenced for Helicobacter pylori-specific identification. Clinical parameters as well as pathological characteristics including some premalignant lesions and the expression levels of iNOS and ROS in gallbladder were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Helicobacter pylori infection in gallbladder mucosa was detected in 20.55% of cholecystitis patients. These patients had a higher prevalence of acid regurgitation symptoms (p?=?0.001), more histories of chronic gastritis (p?=?0.005), gastric ulcer (p?=?0.042), duodenal ulcer (p?=?0.026) and higher presence of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach as compared to patients without Helicobacter pylori infection in the gallbladder mucosa. Helicobacter pylori 16s rRNA in gallbladder and gastric-duodenal mucosa from the same individual patient had identical sequences. Also, higher incidences of adenomyomatosis (p?=?0.012), metaplasia (p?=?0.022) and higher enhanced expressions of iNOS and ROS were detected in Helicobacter pylori infected gallbladder mucosa (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Helicobacter pylori infection in gallbladder mucosa is strongly associated with Helicobacter pylori existed in stomach. Helicobacter pylori is also correlated with gallbladder premalignant lesions including metaplasia and adenomyomatosis. The potential mechanism might be related with higher ROS/RNS production but needs further investigation.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:To present results of the Kyoto Global Consensus Meeting, which was convened to develop global consensus on (1) classification of chronic gastritis and duodenitis, (2) clinical distinction of dyspepsia caused by Helicobacter pylori from functional dyspepsia, (3) appropriate diagnostic assessment of gastritis and (4) when, whom and how to treat H. pylori gastritis. DESIGN:Twenty-three clinical questions addressing the above-mentioned four domains were drafted for which expert panels were asked to formulate relevant statements. A Delphi method using an anonymous electronic system was adopted to develop the consensus, the level of which was predefined as ?80%. Final modifications of clinical questions and consensus were achieved at the face-to-face meeting in Kyoto. RESULTS:All 24 statements for 22 clinical questions after extensive modifications and omission of one clinical question were achieved with a consensus level of >80%. To better organise classification of gastritis and duodenitis based on aetiology, a new classification of gastritis and duodenitis is recommended for the 11th international classification. A new category of H. pylori-associated dyspepsia together with a diagnostic algorithm was proposed. The adoption of grading systems for gastric cancer risk stratification, and modern image-enhancing endoscopy for the diagnosis of gastritis, were recommended. Treatment to eradicate H. pylori infection before preneoplastic changes develop, if feasible, was recommended to minimise the risk of more serious complications of the infection. CONCLUSIONS:A global consensus for gastritis was developed for the first time, which will be the basis for an international classification system and for further research on the subject.
Project description:Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates can establish themselves in gastric epithelial stem cells and this interaction may have implications for gastric tumorigenesis. Mouse gastric epithelial progenitor cells (mGEPs) and non-progenitor gastric epithelial cells (npGECs) were infected for 24hrs with Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates Kx1 and Kx2. Kx1 was isolated from a patient with chronic atrophic gastritis (ChAG) and Kx2 from the same patient 4 years later, when he progressed to gastric adenocarcinoma. Keywords: RNA Expression Array Overall design: mGEPs and npGECs were seeded and grown to 70% confluency in RPMI1640 medium supplemented with 10% FBS before being infected with H. pylori strains Kx1 or Kx2 that had been grown to log phase. After 24h, media and non-attached bacteria were washed off and the cells harvested by trypsinization. RNA was prepared from triplicate cultures of mGEP cells infected with Kx1 or Kx2, npGECs infected with Kx1 or Kx2 and uninfected mGEPs and npGECs that served as controls.
Project description:The molecular mechanism responsible for Helicobacter pylori infection-mediated gastritis and carcinogenesis is not yet clear. Increased evidence suggests that chronic gastritis and elevated gastric epithelial cell (GEC) apoptosis are crucial events during stomach carcinoma transformation. PUMA is a potent proapoptotic Bcl-2 protein and mediates acute tissue injury. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of PUMA in GEC apoptosis and inflammation induced by H. pylori infection. As a result, we found that PUMA expression was elevated in gastritis tissues compared with uninvolved tissues, and it was correlated with the severity of apoptosis and gastritis. In mice, PUMA mRNA and protein were markedly induced in GECs upon induction of gastritis by H. pylori. PUMA-deficient mice were highly resistant to apoptosis and gastritis induced by H. pylori. Furthermore, the transcription factor NF-?B p65 binds to PUMA promoter to activate PUMA transcription after H. pylori infection. In addition, NF-?B inhibitor could rescue H. pylori-induced apoptosis and gastritis. Finally, H. pylori-induced activation of p-p65 and PUMA was mediated via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and blocked in TLR2 knockout mice. Taken together, these results verified the pro-inflammatory effect of PUMA in H. pylori-infected gastric tissue. Moreover, TLR2/NF-?B-mediated transcriptional regulation of PUMA contributes to the pathogenesis of H. pylori-infected gastritis.
Project description:Helicobacter pylori is a highly successful and important human pathogen that causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer diseases and gastric cancer. Innate immunity plays an important role of the primary defense against pathogens and epidemiological studies have suggested a role of toll-like receptor 1 (TLR1) in the risk of H. pylori acquisition. We performed microarray analysis of gastric mucosal biopsy specimens from H. pylori-positive and uninfected subjects; infection was associated with an ~15-fold up-regulation of TLR10 (p <0.001). Quantitative RT-PCR confirmed TLR10 mRNA levels were increased 3-fold in H. pylori-infection (p <0.001) and immunohistochemistory using anti-TLR10 polyclonal antibodies showed increased TLR10 expression in gastric epithelial cells of infected individuals. In vitro experiments where H. pylori was co-cultured with NCI-N87 gastric cells showed significant H. pylori-specific up-regulation of TLR10 mRNA levels and a correlation with TLR2 mRNA levels (R = 0.87, P <0.001). We compared combinations of TLRs for their ability to mediate NF-_B activation. NF-_B activation was increased following exposure to heat killed H. pylori or H. pylori-LPS only with the TLR2/TLR10 heterodimer. These findings suggest TLR10 is a functional receptor involved in the innate immune response to H. pylori infection and that TLR2/TLR10 heterodimer possibly functions in the recognition of H. pylori-LPS. Overall design: We have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling of gastric epithelium in H.pylori infection. We compare 1) Hp positive and negative group. 2) by gastritis grade 3) by countries.
Project description:We present the complete genome sequences of three Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from patients who resided in Tolima Department, Colombia, diagnosed with chronic gastritis. The genomes present an average length of 1.6 Mbp and 1,546 genes and correspond to different H. pylori subpopulations.