Project description:Transcriptional profiling of the bacteria Paenibacillus vortex comparing control untreated cells with kanamycin treated cells after 18 hours of exposure. Goal was to determine the effect of the antibiotic kanamycin in concentration which affect the colony morphology on global bacteria gene expression. Two-condition experiment, control cells vs. kanamycin treated cells. Biological replicates: 2 control replicates, 2 treated replicates. Pooling of 5 technical replicates for each biological replicate.
Project description:Paenibacillus larvae, the causal agent of American Foulbrood disease (AFB), affects honeybee health worldwide. The present study investigates the transcriptional response of this Gram-positive, endospore-forming bacterium to bodily fluids from honeybee larvae. Four different conditions were evaluated with a loop design: sampling of in vitro grown P. larvae cultures one or four hours after addition of larval fluids or BHIT-broth (C1, T1, C4, T4). Overall design: total of 16 samples, 4 independent samples per group, 4 groups (C1, C4, T1 and T4), loopdesign, dye swap
Project description:Here we apply a metabolomics to study the interaction of two co-isolated model organisms, Xanthomonas retroflexus and Paenibacillus amylolyticus. When cultured in close proximity on agar plates Xanthomonas retroflexus induces a clear morphological response from Paenibacillus amylolyticus, leading to enhanced growth of Paenibacillus amylolyticus. Application of 2D spatial metabolomics shows how Xanthomonas retroflexus influences the chemical environment by production specific metabolites.
Project description:The search for new enzymes and microbial strains to degrade plant biomass is one of the most important strategies for improving the conversion processes in the production of environment-friendly chemicals and biofuels. In this study, we report a new Paenibacillus isolate, O199, which showed the highest efficiency for cellulose deconstruction in a screen of environmental isolates. Here, we provide a detailed description of the complex multi-component O199 enzymatic system involved in the degradation of lignocellulose. We examined the genome and the proteome of O199 grown on complex lignocellulose (wheat straw) and on microcrystalline cellulose. The genome contained 476 genes with domains assigned to carbohydrate-active enzyme (CAZyme) families, including 100 genes coding for glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) putatively involved in cellulose and hemicellulose degradation. Moreover, 31% of these CAZymes were expressed on cellulose and 29% on wheat straw. Proteomic analyses also revealed a complex and complete set of enzymes for deconstruction of cellulose (at least 22 proteins, including 4 endocellulases, 2 exocellulases, 2 cellobiohydrolases and 2 -glucosidases) and hemicellulose (at least 28 proteins, including 5 endoxylanases, 1 -xylosidase, 2 xyloglucanases, 2 endomannanases, 2 licheninases and 1 endo--1,3(4)-glucanase). Most of these proteins were secreted extracellularly and had numerous carbohydrate-binding domains (CBMs). In addition, O199 also secreted a high number of substrate-binding proteins (SBPs), including at least 42 proteins binding carbohydrates. Interestingly, both plant lignocellulose and crystalline cellulose triggered the production of a wide array of hydrolytic proteins, including cellulases, hemicellulases and other GHs. Our data provide an in-depth analysis of the complex and complete set of enzymes and accessory non-catalytic proteins—GHs, CBMs, transporters, and SBPs—implicated in the high cellulolytic capacity shown by this bacterial strain. The large diversity of hydrolytic enzymes and the extracellular secretion of most of them supports the use of Paenibacillus O199 as a candidate for second-generation technologies using paper or lignocellulosic agricultural wastes.