Project description:The emergence of multiple-carbapenemase-producing Acinetobacter strains has been a serious concern during the past decade. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of an Acinetobacter baumannii strain isolated from a Japanese patient with three acquired carbapenemase genes: bla<sub>NDM-1</sub>, bla<sub>TMB-1</sub>, and bla<sub>OXA-58</sub>.
Project description:We report here the draft genome sequences of two clinically isolated Acinetobacter baumannii strains. These samples were obtained from patients at the University of Colorado Hospital in 2007 and 2013 and encode an estimated 20 and 13 resistance genes, respectively.
Project description:The draft genome sequences of the strains Acinetobacter baumannii 107m, Acinetobacter nosocomialis 28F, and Acinetobacter pittii 42F, isolated from Colombian hospitals, are reported here. These isolates are causative of nosocomial infections and are classified as multidrug resistant, as they showed resistance to four different antibiotic groups.
Project description:Dissemination of Acinetobacter baumannii strains harboring class D ?-lactamases producing resistance to carbapenem antibiotics severely limits our ability to treat deadly Acinetobacter infections. Susceptibility determination in the A. baumannii background and kinetic studies with a homogeneous preparation of OXA-23 ?-lactamase, the major carbapenemase present in A. baumannii, document the ability of this enzyme to manifest resistance to last-resort carbapenem antibiotics. We also report three X-ray structures of OXA-23: apo OXA-23 at two different pH values, and wild-type OXA-23 in complex with meropenem, a carbapenem substrate. The structures and dynamics simulations reveal an important role for Leu166, whose motion regulates the access of a hydrolytic water molecule to the acyl-enzyme species in imparting carbapenemase activity.
Project description:Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen in global health care settings. Its dissemination and multidrug resistance pose an issue with treatment and outbreak control. Here, we present draft genome assemblies of six multidrug-resistant clinical strains of A. baumannii isolated from patients admitted to one of two major hospitals in Kuwait.
Project description:Objectives: There is an urgent need for accurate and fast diagnostic tests to identify carbapenemase-producing bacteria. Here we used Bacillus stearothermophilus as an indicator strain in the format of the carbapenem inactivation method (CIM) procedure to develop a rapid carbapenemase phenotype detection method: CIMB.S. Methods: The CIMB.S test was derived from the mCIM, where B. stearothermophilus replaced Escherichia coli as the indicator strain. The test bacteria were incubated in the presence of imipenem for 30 min, and then, aliquots were placed on colorimetric plates, and incubation was continued for 3.5 h at 60°C. We examined 134 clinical strains to evaluate the CIMB.S performance. Results: The CIMB.S can be completed in 4 h, and we successfully identified 38/39 (97.4%) carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, including 17/18 (94.4%) carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 18/19 (94.7%) carbapenemase-producing Acinetobacter baumannii. All non-carbapenemase producers we tested were negative and included Enterobacteriaceae (n = 36), P. aeruginosa (n = 17), and A. baumannii (n = 5). Conclusions: The CIMB.S test is a rapid carbapenemase phenotype detection method requiring only 4 h of total work time and displays high sensitivity and specificity.
Project description:Acinetobacter baumannii strains co-producing carbapenemase and 16S rRNA methylase are highly resistant to carbapenems and aminoglycosides.Ninety-three isolates of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii were obtained from an intensive care unit in a hospital in Vietnam. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests and whole genome sequencing were performed. Multilocus sequence typing and the presence of drug resistant genes were determined and a maximum-likelihood phylogenetic tree was constructed by SNP alignment of whole genome sequencing data.The majority of isolates belonged to clonal complex 2 (ST2, ST570 and ST571), and carried carbapenemase encoding genes bla OXA-23 and bla OXA-66. Two isolates encoded carbapenemase genes bla NDM-1 and bla OXA-58 and the 16S rRNA methylase encoding gene armA and did not belong to clonal complex 2 (ST16).A. baumannii isolates producing 16S rRNA methylase ArmA and belonging to clonal complex 2 are widespread, and isolates co-producing NDM-1 and ArmA are emerging, in medical settings in Vietnam.
Project description:Rapid detection of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains is critical and will benefit patient care by optimizing antibiotic therapies and preventing outbreaks. Herein we describe the development and successful application of a mass spectrometry profile generated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) that utilized the imipenem antibiotic for the detection of carbapenem resistance in a large series of A. baumannii clinical isolates from France and Algeria. A total of 106 A. baumannii strains including 63 well-characterized carbapenemase-producing and 43 non-carbapenemase-producing strains, as well as 43 control strains (7 carbapenem-resistant and 36 carbapenem-sensitive strains) were studied. After an incubation of bacteria with imipenem for up to 4 h, the mixture was centrifuged and the supernatant analyzed by MALDI-TOF MS. The presence and absence of peaks representing imipenem and its natural metabolite was analyzed. The result was interpreted as positive for carbapenemase production if the specific peak for imipenem at 300.0 m/z disappeared during the incubation time and if the peak of the natural metabolite at 254.0 m/z increased as measured by the area under the curves leading to a ratio between the peak for imipenem and its metabolite being <0.5. This assay, which was applied to the large series of A. baumannii clinical isolates, showed a sensitivity of 100.0% and a specificity of 100.0%. Our study is the first to demonstrate that this quick and simple assay can be used as a routine tool as a point-of-care method for the identification of A. baumannii carbapenemase-producers in an effort to prevent outbreaks and the spread of uncontrollable superbugs.
Project description:Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged worldwide as an important nosocomial pathogen in medical institutions. Here, we present the draft genome sequences of A. baumannii strains MRY09-0642, MRY10-0558, and MRY12-0277 that were isolated from nosocomial outbreaks in Japan between 2008 and 2012 and that are resistant to antimicrobial agents, including carbapenems, fluoroquinolones, and aminoglycosides.
Project description:The global epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is dominated by a limited number of clones. Here, we announce the draft genome sequences of two multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains, 1H8 and 4A3, representing the major epidemic clones, sequence type 92 (ST92) and ST96, respectively.