Project description:Utilizing next-generation sequencing technology, combined with ChIP (Chromatin Immunoprecipitation) technology to analyze histone modification (acetylation) induced by butyrate and to map the epigenomic landscape of normal histone H3, H4 Cells were treated with 10 mM butyrate for 24 hr, The cells were scraped from the flask and homogenized with ice-cold Dounce homogenizer to release the nuclei. The collected nuclei were resuspended in digestion buffer and enzymatic shearing was performed. ChIP with anti H3, H4 and acetyl-H3 and acetyl-H4.
Project description:Glioblastomas (GBM) harbor subpopulations of therapy-resistant tumor initiating cells (TICs) that are self-renewing and multipotent. To understand the regulation of the TIC state, we performed an image-based screen for genes regulating GBM TIC maintenance and identified ZFHX4, a 397-kDa transcription factor. ZFHX4 is required to maintain TIC-associated phenotypes in vitro, suggesting that ZFHX4 regulates TIC differentiation, and its suppression increases glioma-free survival in intracranial xenografts. ZFHX4 interacts with CHD4, a core member of the NuRD (nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase) complex. ZFHX4 and CHD4 bind to overlapping sets of genomic loci and control similar gene expression programs. Using expression data derived from GBM patients, we demonstrate ZFHX4 is a master regulator of CHD4-mediated gene expression. These observations define ZFHX4 as a regulatory factor that links the chromatin remodeling NuRD complex and the GBM TIC state. Examination of binding of ZFHX4 and CHD4 across the human genome, using the 0308 tumor initiating cell line. Two replicates for each protein, compared to whole cell extract inputs.
Project description:Cytosine base modifications 5-methylcytosine (5mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and 5-formylcytosine (5fC) are present in mammalian DNA. Here, reduced bisulfite sequencing is developed for quantitatively sequencing 5fC at single-base resolution. This method is then applied with oxidative bisulfite sequencing to gain a map of 5mC, 5hmC and 5fC in mouse embryonic stem cells. 12 samples, reduced representation bisulphite treatment: 4 replicates each for bisulphite (BS), oxidative BS (oxBS) and reduced BS (redBS) for the detection of 5mC, 5hmC and 5fC. Mouse (strain B6C) embryonic stem cells.
Project description:We report how CSB affects globally the density of RNA Pol II at TSS and how this effect correlates with the gene expression alterations observed from microarray analysis. We also show globally the distribution of CSB. RNA Pol II and CSB ChIP-Seq in CS1AN cells and CSB reconstituted wild type cells, in duplicate, using Illumina GAIIx
Project description:H3K79 dimethylation is a mark of transcriptional elongation. To gain insight into the set of genes actively transcribed in MEFs, chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with massive parallel sequencing (ChIP-seq) was performed to determine the presence of H3K79me2 across the genome. DNA was enriched by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and analyzed by Solexa sequencing. ChIP was performed using an antibody against H3K79me2.
Project description:While histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27Me3) is associated with gene silencing, whether H3K27Me3 demethylation affects transcription and cell differentiation in vivo has remained elusive. To investigate this, we conditionally inactivated the two H3K27Me3 demethylases, Jmjd3 and Utx, in non-dividing intrathymic CD4+ T cell precursors. We show that both enzymes redundantly promote H3K27Me3 removal at, and expression of, a specific subset of genes involved in terminal thymocyte differentiation, especially S1pr1, encoding a sphingosine-phosphate receptor required for thymocyte egress. Floxed alleles of the genes encoding Utx and Jmjd3 (Kdm6a and Kdm6b, respectively) were deleted in double positive (DP) thymocytes carrying a CD4 Cre transgene. Genome-wide H3K27Me3 ChipSeq was performed on (i) pre-selection (CD69lo) DP thymocytes from wild-type mice carrying an endogenous polyclonal TCR repertoire, (ii) mature (TCRhi CD24lo) CD4 SP thymocytes from wild type (Wt), Jmjd3KO, UtxKO and dKO mice carrying an endogenous polyclonal TCR repertoire and (iii) mature (Va2hi CD24lo) CD4 SP thymocytes from wild type and dKO mice carrying the OTII TCR transgene.
Project description:Mono-methylation of histone H3 on lysine 4 (H3K4me1) and acetylation of histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3K27ac) are histone modifications that are highly enriched over the body of actively transcribed genes and enhancers. Although in yeast all H3K4 methylation patterns including H3K4me1 are implemented by Set1/COMPASS, there are three classes of COMPASS-like complexes in Drosophila that could carry out H3K4me1 on enhancers: dSet1, Trithorax and Trithorax-related (Trr). Here, we report that Trr, the Drosophila homolog of mammalian Mll3/4, can function as a major H3K4 mono-methyltransferase on enhancers in vivo. Loss of Trr results in a global decrease of H3K4me1 and H3K27ac in various tissues. Assays with the cut wing margin enhancer imply a functional role for Trr in enhancer-mediated processes. A genome-wide analysis demonstrates that Trr is required for H3K4me1 and H3K27ac on chromatin signatures that resemble the histone modification patterns described for enhancers. Since Trr and mammalian Mll3/4 complexes are distinguished by bearing a unique subunit, the H3K27 demethylase UTX, we propose a model in which the H3K4 mono-methyltransferase Trr, and the H3K27 demethylase, UTX, cooperate to regulate the transition from inactive/poised to active enhancers. ChIP-seq of Trr, LPT, UTX in Drosophila S2 Cells. ChIP-seq of H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K27ac, H3K27me3 in WT and Trr knock-down Drosophila S2 cells. ChIP-seq of H3K4me1, H3K27me3 in LPT knock-down Drosophila S2 cells. ChIP-seq of LPT and UTX in Trr knock-down Drosophila S2 cells. ChIP-seq of H3K4me1 and H3K27me3 in MLL1(+/+), MLL1(-/-), MLL3(+/+), and MLL3(-/-) Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (MEFs).
Project description:We compared PPARg binding sites in BAT and eWAT to identify regulatory elements that contribute to BAT identity and to find an important factor that bind those elements. To this end, we performed PPARg ChIP-seq in both tissues and called each tissue-spsecific binding sites. PPARg ChIP-seq in BAT and eWAT of mice
Project description:Cockayne syndrome is an inherited premature aging syndrome associated with developmental and neurological disorders. Mutations in the genomic locus encoding CSB are associated with 80% Cockayne syndrome cases. Transcription profiling assays reveal the association of mis-regulation of gene expression with Cockayne syndrome, highlighting the importance of CSB in transcription regulation. However, many questions remain unanswered as how CSB regulates transcription. In this study, we dissect the mechanisms by which CSB regulates transcription during normal growth. By anti-CSB chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by deep sequencing, we found CSB is enriched at genomic regions containing TGASTCA motifs, to which the immediate early gene product C-Jun binds specifically. We further demonstrate that c-Jun co-immunoprecipitates with CSB. In addition, the targeting of CSB to genomic region containing TGASTCA motifs was drastically reduced in cells treated c-Jun shRNA. Reverse transcription followed by quantitative PCR indicates that CSB can regulate gene expression nearby its binding sites, both in activation and repression. The remodeling defective CSB∆N1 mutant is also targeted to TGASTCA motifs, but cannot always substitute CSB function in transcription regulating, suggesting the importance of remodeling by CSB in transcription regulation. Notably, the Cockayne syndrome related mutation encoding protein CSBR670W, which is defective in ATP hydrolysis but is targeted to TGASTCA motifs efficiently, indicating that ATP hydrolysis is dispensable for c-Jun mediated CSB targeting, in sharp contrast to the ATP-dependent targeting mechanism by which CSB is relocated to DNA lesion stalled transcription. Together, these results reveal a second CSB targeting mechanism in which DNA sequence specific transcription factor c-Jun targets CSB to specific genomic region and regulate gene expression. Genomic localization of CSB and remodeling deficient CSB∆N1