Project description:The roots of halophytes such as mangroves provide the first line of defense against the constant salt stress they experience. Such adaptation should include major reprogramming of the gene expression profiles. Using RNA-sequencing approach we identified 101,446 ‘all-unigenes’ from the seedling roots of the mangrove tree Avicennia officinalis. From the data 6618 genes were identified to be differentially regulated by salt when two-month-old greenhouse-grown seedlings without prior exposure to sea water were subjected to 24 h of 500 mM NaCl treatment. About 1,404 genes were significantly up-regulated, while 5214 genes were down-regulated. Based on Gene Ontology analysis, they could be classified under various categories, including metabolic processes, stress and defense response, signal transduction, transcription-related and transporters. Our analysis provides the baseline information towards understanding salt balance in mangroves and hence mechanism of salt tolerance in plants. Overall design: Differential gene expression was studied upon salt treatment using two controls and two salt treated (24h with 500 mM NaCl) samples.
Project description:Preparation of proteins from salt-gland-enriched tissues of mangrove plant is necessary for a systematic study of proteins involved in the plant’s unique desalination mechanism. Extraction of high-quality proteins from the leaves of mangrove tree species, however, is difficult due to the presence of high levels of endogenous phenolic compounds. In our study, preparation of proteins from only a part of the leaf tissues was required, rendering extraction even more challenging. By comparing several extraction methods, we developed a reliable procedure for obtaining sufficient proteins from salt gland-enriched tissues of the mangrove species Avicennia officinalis. Protein extraction was markedly improved using a phenol-based extraction method. Despite the lower protein yield obtained, one-dimensional protein gel profiles with greater resolution could be obtained, with more than twice the number of proteins detected when 1D-LC-MS/MS analyses were compared. Further analysis of proteins that were solely present in each extraction method favoured the phenol-based extraction. Phenol-based extracts contained nearly 10 times more solely-detected proteins than those were detectable in the extracts without using phenol. The protocol established could thus be applied for downstream high-throughput proteomic analyses involving LC-MS/MS or equivalent.
Project description:we used high-throughput Illumina Genome Analyzer IIx (GAIIx) technology to sequence the small RNA transcriptomes of the mangrove species, Avicennia marina. Based on sequence similarity or the secondary structure of precursors, we have identified 193 conserved miRNAs and 26 novel miRNAs in the small RNA transcriptome of Avicennia marina. 1 sample