Project description:To identify genes which are differentially expressed in Corynebacterium glutamicum chassis C1 in comparison to the prophage free strain MB001, we performed DNA microarray analyses of C. glutamicum C1 against MB001. For this purpose RNA was isolated from cells cultivated in CGXII minimal medium with 2% glucose (w v-1) and harvested in the exponential growth phase at an OD600 of 5. Four biological replicates were performed. Overall design: Corynebacterium glutamicum chassis C1 in comparison to the prophage free strain MB001
Project description:We assessed changes in gene expression in response to iron availability for the human pathogen Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Expression profiles of wild-type C. diphtheriae strain 1737 grown in semi-defined metal-poor media (mPGT) in iron-limiting (0.5 µM iron chloride supplementation) and iron-replete (10 µM supplementation) conditions were compared; the expression profiles of wild-type C. diphtheriae strain 1737 during growth in iron-replete conditions was also compared against an isogenic ΔdtxR mutant grown in iron-replete conditions. Three biological replicates were prepared by isolating total RNA from mid-logarithmic growth cultures and ten genes (dip0169, dip0415, dip1061, dip1062, dip2330, dip1486, dip0173, dip1252, dip1866, and dip0281) were quantified by real-time PCR to validate the array results. Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the causative agent of the severe respiratory disease, diphtheria. Diphtheria Toxin (DT), encoded by the tox gene, is the potent exotoxin secreted by C. diphtheriae responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality of diphtheria. Expression of the tox gene is regulated by the Diphtheria Toxin Repressor (DtxR) and iron. In addition to the regulation of toxin expression, DtxR functions as a global iron-dependent regulatory factor that mediates iron homeostasis in C. diphtheriae. While numerous genes regulated by DtxR and iron are known, a genome-wide study of both the iron and DtxR regulons is lacking in C. diphtheriae. Here, we report novel iron- and DtxR-regulated genes revealed by a comprehensive transcriptomic analysis. Not all identified genes appear to be repressed by iron and DtxR; some genes were found to be induced by iron in a DtxR-dependent manner, a mechanism of regulation not previously described in C. diphtheriae. Using a prediction algorithm (MEME) and electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we verified DtxR binding to sequences upstream of several newly identified genes. Furthermore, we characterized expression of ferritin (ftn) and catalase (cat), which are both induced by iron, but differentially affected by DtxR. We identified three DtxR binding sites in the ftn promoter, while analysis of the cat promoter establishes a role for DtxR in cat expression and suggests complex regulation by additional regulators. Collectively, these results expand our knowledge on the function of DtxR and the diverse roles of this regulatory protein in controlling gene expression. Overall design: Total RNA harvested from mid-logarithmic cultures of Corynebacterium diphtheriae strain 1737 (wild type and an isogenic dtxR mutant) with low-iron (wild type only) and high-iron (both strains) was assessed for differences. Three separate cultures were used per strain and condition for a total of nine samples.
Project description:Metabolically engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum strains were constructed for the enhanced production of L-arginine, and their gene expression profiles were investigated Gene expression profiles of two C. glutamicum strains AR2 and AR6 were examined for the 3043 genes twice.