Project description:Lactococcus piscium strain MKFS47 is a psychrotrophic spoilage lactic acid bacterium, isolated from the cold-stored modified atmosphere packaged broiler filet strips with the first signs of spoilage. For the experiment L. piscium MKFS47 was grown in MRS broth without acetate with 2% glucose, samples were taken at 3h, 5h and 11h in three replicates. The extracted RNA was sequenced using SOLiD 5500XL. RNA-seq reads were mapped against L. piscium MKFS47 genome and were counted per gene using Lifescope software. The experiment was conducted to identify the time-course differential expression of the L. piscium MKFS47 genes.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Lactococcus lactis KCTC 3769T,L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T . This proves that transcriptional profiling can facilitate in elucidating the genetic distance between closely related strains. A one chip study using total RNA recovered from of L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T . For the the transcriptome of of L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T was analyzed using the Lactococcus lactis KCTC 3769T microarray platform
Project description:Pulque is a culturally important 4,000-year-old traditional Mexican fermented drink. Pulque is produced by adding fresh aguamiel (agave sap) to mature pulque, resulting in a mixture of microbial communities and chemical compositions. We performed shotgun metagenomic sequencing of five stages of pulque fermentation to characterize organismal and functional diversity. We identified 6 genera (Acinetobacter, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Leuconostoc, Saccharomyces and Zymomonas) and 10 species (Acinetobacter boissieri, Acinetobacter nectaris, Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis, Lactococcus lactis, Lactococcus piscium, Lactococcus plantarum, Leuconostoc citreum, Leuconostoc gelidum, Zymomonas mobilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae) that were present ??1% in at least one stage of pulque fermentation. The abundance of genera and species changed during fermentation and was associated with a decrease in sucrose and increases in ethanol and lactic acid, suggesting that resource competition shapes organismal diversity. We also predicted functional profiles, based on organismal gene content, for each fermentation stage and identified an abundance of genes associated with the biosynthesis of folate, an essential B-vitamin. Additionally, we investigated the evolutionary relationships of S. cerevisiae and Z. mobilis, two of the major microbial species found in pulque. For S. cerevisiae, we used a metagenomics assembly approach to identify S. cerevisiae scaffolds from pulque, and performed phylogenetic analysis of these sequences along with a collection of 158 S. cerevisiae strains. This analysis suggests that S. cerevisiae from pulque is most closely related to Asian strains isolated from sake and bioethanol. Lastly, we isolated and sequenced the whole-genomes of three strains of Z. mobilis from pulque and compared their relationship to seven previously sequenced isolates. Our results suggest pulque strains may represent a distinct lineage of Z. mobilis.
Project description:Currently, the genus Lactococcus is classified into six species: Lactococcus chungangensis, L. garvieae, L. lactis, L. piscium, L. plantarum, and L. raffinolactis. Among these six species, L. lactis is especially important because of its use in the manufacture of probiotic dairy products. L. lactis consists of three subspecies: L. lactis subsp. cremoris, L. lactis subsp. hordniae, and L. lactis subsp. lactis. However, these subspecies have not yet been reliably discriminated. To date, mainly phenotypic identification has been used, with a few genotypic identifications. We discriminated species or subspecies in the genus Lactococcus not only by proteomics identification using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) but also by phenotypic and genotypic identification. The proteomics identification using differences in the mass spectra of ribosomal proteins was nearly identical to that by genotypic identification (i.e., by analyses of 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences and amplified fragment length polymorphism). The three ribosomal subunits 30S/L31, 50S/L31, and 50S/L35 were the best markers for discriminating L. lactis subsp. cremoris from L. lactis subsp. lactis. Proteomics identification using MALDI-TOF MS was therefore a powerful method for discriminating and identifying these bacteria. In addition, this method was faster and more reliable than others that we examined.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a group of gram-positive, lactic acid producing Firmicutes. They have been extensively used in food fermentations, including the production of various dairy products. The proteolytic system of LAB converts proteins to peptides and then to amino acids, which is essential for bacterial growth and also contributes significantly to flavor compounds as end-products. Recent developments in high-throughput genome sequencing and comparative genomics hybridization arrays provide us with opportunities to explore the diversity of the proteolytic system in various LAB strains. RESULTS: We performed a genome-wide comparative genomics analysis of proteolytic system components, including cell-wall bound proteinase, peptide transporters and peptidases, in 22 sequenced LAB strains. The peptidase families PepP/PepQ/PepM, PepD and PepI/PepR/PepL are described as examples of our in silico approach to refine the distinction of subfamilies with different enzymatic activities. Comparison of protein 3D structures of proline peptidases PepI/PepR/PepL and esterase A allowed identification of a conserved core structure, which was then used to improve phylogenetic analysis and functional annotation within this protein superfamily.The diversity of proteolytic system components in 39 Lactococcus lactis strains was explored using pangenome comparative genome hybridization analysis. Variations were observed in the proteinase PrtP and its maturation protein PrtM, in one of the Opp transport systems and in several peptidases between strains from different Lactococcus subspecies or from different origin. CONCLUSIONS: The improved functional annotation of the proteolytic system components provides an excellent framework for future experimental validations of predicted enzymatic activities. The genome sequence data can be coupled to other "omics" data e.g. transcriptomics and metabolomics for prediction of proteolytic and flavor-forming potential of LAB strains. Such an integrated approach can be used to tune the strain selection process in food fermentations.
Project description:Psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the prevailing spoilage organisms in packaged cold-stored meat products. Species composition and metabolic activities of such LAB spoilage communities are determined by the nature of the meat product, storage conditions, and interspecies interactions. Our knowledge of system level responses of LAB during such interactions is very limited. To expand it, we studied interactions between three common psychrotrophic spoilage LAB (Leuconostoc gelidum, Lactococcus piscium, and Lactobacillus oligofermentans) by comparing their time course transcriptome profiles obtained during their growth in individual, pairwise, and triple cultures. The study revealed how these LAB employed different strategies to cope with the consequences of interspecies competition. The fastest-growing bacterium, Le. gelidum, attempted to enhance its nutrient-scavenging and growth capabilities in the presence of other LAB through upregulation of carbohydrate catabolic pathways, pyruvate fermentation enzymes, and ribosomal proteins, whereas the slower-growing Lc. piscium and Lb. oligofermentans downregulated these functions. These findings may explain the competitive success and predominance of Le. gelidum in a variety of spoiled foods. Peculiarly, interspecies interactions induced overexpression of prophage genes and restriction modification systems (mechanisms of DNA exchange and protection against it) in Lc. piscium and Lb. oligofermentans but not in Le. gelidum Cocultivation induced also overexpression of the numerous putative adhesins in Lb. oligofermentans These adhesins might contribute to the survival of this slowly growing bacterium in actively growing meat spoilage communities.IMPORTANCE Despite the apparent relevance of LAB for biotechnology and human health, interactions between members of LAB communities are not well known. Knowledge of such interactions is crucial for understanding how these communities function and, consequently, whether there is any possibility to develop new strategies to interfere with their growth and to postpone spoilage of packaged and refrigerated foods. With the help of controlled experiments, detailed regulation events can be observed. This study gives an insight into the system level interactions and the different competition-induced survival strategies related to enhanced uptake and catabolism of carbon sources, overexpression of adhesins and putative bacteriocins, and the induction of exchange of genetic material. Even though this experiment dealt with only three LAB strains in vitro, these findings agreed well with the relative abundance patterns typically reported for these species in natural food microbial communities.
Project description:Mostly, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), including food-spoilage-associated, grow in communities consisting of several microbial species. The interspecies interactions eventually shape the structure and global activity of a given microbial community. Generally, the knowledge on system level responses of LAB (especially food-spoilage-associated) during such interactions is very limited. To study transcriptome responses during interactions between three MAP meat-spoilage-associated LAB (Leuconostoc gelidum subsp. gasicomitatum LMG 18811T, Lactococcus piscium MKFS47 and Lactobacillus oligofermentans LMG 22743T) we grew them separately in individual cultures and in mixed cultures pairwise (three combinations) and all together (triple culture) in three replicates on a glucose-containing growth medium (MRS) under microaerobic conditions at 25 C, samples were taken at three time points (3, 5 and 11 h) and extracted RNA were sequenced. The experiments were performed in two batches. At first (batch 1), co-cultivation of Le. gelidum and Lc. piscium accompanied with their individual cultures was performed and processed. The raw RNA-seq data for the individual culture of Lc. piscium from the batch 1 were uploaded earlier and are available in the ArrayExpress database under accession number E-MTAB-3245. Later (batch 2), two other pairwise cultures (Le. gelidum + Lb. oligofermentans and Lc. piscium + Lb. oligofermentans) and the triple culture were grown together with the individual cultures of all three LAB. Designations used for the sample names: G: Le. gelidum; P: Lc. piscium; O: Lb. oligofermentans; GO, PO, PG: pairwise cultures of the corresponding species; OPG: triple culture; b1: batch 1; b2: batch 2. Example: 3G2_b1: 3 h, Le. gelidum, 2nd replicate, batch 1; 11PO3_b2: 11 h, pairwise culture of Lc. piscium and Lb. oligofermentans, 3d replicate, batch 2. One sample (5PO3_b2) had very low number of reads ~ 9000, and, therefore, was not uploaded under this project. RNA extraction and library construction were done analogously as in the study (Andreevskaya M et al., 2015. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81:38003811, doi: 10.1128/AEM.00320-15). Ribosomal RNA was omitted. Libraries were sequenced in five lanes using SOLiD 5500XL (Life technologies, Foster City, Ca, USA) to produce 75 bp single-end reads. For the data submission, xsq files obtained from SOLiD 5500XL machine, were converted into fastq files. Adapter sequences were removed using cutadapt 1.4.1.
Project description:We report here the draft genome sequence of Lactococcus lactis strain 11/19-B1, isolated from kiwifruit. The 11/19-B1 strain possesses one chromosome and five plasmids and has a predicted 2,429 protein-coding sequences. DFAST annotation and a BLASTp homology search estimated that 11/19-B1 possesses three bacteriocin immunity proteins and four bacteriocin proteins.