Project description:Water deficit stress (WDS) is a crucial factor that causes the inhibition of petal expansion and abnormal flower opening in rose. The regulatory mechanisms of petal expansion by WDS at transcriptional level were investigated by analysis expression profiles under WDS. Analysis used total RNA samples of petals taken from flowers treated by WDS comparison to those from control flowers. Transcriptome dynamics during treatment time responsive to WDS.
Project description:To gain new insight into the underlying mechanism, we compared, by RNA-Seq analysis, the nuclear gene expression profiles of floral buds of the cybrid with that of fertile pummelo. Gene expression profiles which identified a large number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two lines were captured at both petal primordia and stamen primordia distinguishable stages. For example, nuclear genes involved in nucleic acid binding and response to hormone synthesis and metabolism, genes required for floral bud identification and expressed in particular floral whorls. Overall design: Total four sample pools (petal primordia and stamen primordia development stages of G1+HBP and HBP)
Project description:In Canna indica L, 3-4 (occasionally 5) petaloid staminodes and a one-theca stamen with a petaloid appendage constitute the androecium. In order to find out the genetic basis of petaloid development of androecium members, RNA-Seq analysis of petal (P), petaloid staminode (PS), anther (A) and petaloid appendage (PA) were carried out. P-PS comparison was carried out to find the differences between the two kinds of petal-like organ, and A-PA comparison was conducted to reveal the mechanism for the differentiation of these two parts within stamen.
Project description:I developed a new culture system for hES cells; this system does not require supplementation with bFGF to obtain hES cells that are suitable for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This culture system employed mesenchymal stem cells derived from hES cells (hESC-MSCs) as autologous human feeder cells in the absence of bFGF. For pluripotency-related gene expression profiling, a cDNA microarray analysis was performed SNUhES3 cultured on the autofeeder hESC-MSCs layer maintained the undifferentiated state for 30 passages in a manner similar to the SNUhES3 cells on xenofeeder STO cell layer. To compare the pluripotency-related genes in SNUhES3 cells cultured on autofeeder or xenofeeder system, I used agilent one-color array. Two independant experiment performed.
Project description:Petal is not only the target of selection by horticulturalists to enhance the ornamental value of plants but also emerged as a unique model system for plant organogenesis studies. It is known that three major groups of pigments, betalains, carotenoids and anthocyanins, are responsible for the attractive natural display of flower colors. While carotenoids and betalains generally yield yellow or red colors, anthocyanins confer a diverse range of color from orange to red to violet and blue. In this study, we collected 11 species (Erysimum cheiri, Malcolmia maritime, Brassica oleracea, Raphanus sativus, Orychophragmus violaceus, Eruca sativa, Orychophragmus violaceus, Iberis amara, Aubrieta x cultorum, Lobularia maritime, Matthiola incana) belong to different tribe in Brassicaceae family with varied flower color and performed petal transcriptome analysis. de novo transcriptome assembly showed that average length of the contigs varied from 631bp in O. violaceus to 1212bp in Matthiola incana which indicated that the complexity of the genomes are different much. Protein homology between these species and those sequenced species in Brassicaceae family are consistent with the known phylogenetic relationships. However, O. violaceus has closer relationships with Sisymbrium irio than expected Brassica species. Clustering analysis of genes in anthocyanin and carotenoids synthesis pathway indicated that while silence or low expression of CCD4 (Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase 4) leading to the yellow color formation in different species, purple or red color variation might result from different genes expression variation. These results not only provide transcriptome data for petal development study but also provide useful information for Brassica flower improvement for ornamental purpose. Overall design: 22 samples were used here, each with two biological replicates. Gene expression value was calculated using the Arabidopsis as reference.
Project description:TCP transcription factors from the CYC2-class are involved in the development of monosymmetric flowers in all core eudicot species analysed so far. In Antirrhinum majus, the CYC2/TCP transcription factor CYCLOIDEA (CYC) is the molecular key regulator driving the development of flower monosymmetry (Luo D, Carpenter R, Vincent C, Copsey L, Coen E: Origin of floral asymmetry in Antirrhinum. Nature 1996, 383:794-799). In the Brassicaceae Iberis amara, a stronger expression of the CYC2 gene IaTCP1 in the small adaxial petals likely leads to the reduced petal size in comparison to large abaxial petals, with hardly any IaTCP1 expression. This results in the formation of the monosymmetric Iberis flower (Busch A, Zachgo S: Control of corolla monosymmetry in the Brassicaceae Iberis amara. PNAS 2007, 104:16714-16719). In contrast, the orthologous TCP/CYC2 transcription factor TCP1 from Arabidopsis thaliana, which forms equally sized and shaped petal pairs, only shows an early and transient expression in the adaxial area of floral primordia. This implies that monosymmetry in the Brassicaceae evolved through a heterochronic expression shift of the TCP/CYC2 key regulator gene IaTCP1. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing IaTCP1 and TCP1 develop smaller petals whereas transgenic plants overexpressing CYC from Antirrhinum majus produce larger flowers. In any case, petal size is affected. To compare the effects of the three CYC2 TCP transcription factors on downstream (regulatory) networks in Arabidopsis thaliana, a microarray analysis was conducted. The coding sequences of the TCP/CYC2 transcription factors IaTCP1, TCP1 and CYC were cloned into the pBAR vector (GenBank: AJ251014), resulting in the constructs #0522 (IaTCP1), #0569 (TCP1) and #0577 (CYC). In pBAR, all genes are under the control of the CaMV35S-promoter. Arabidopsis plants were transformed (via floral dip) with respective constructs and also with the empty vector (pBar). Transgenic plants (T1) with petal size deviation from the control (plants transformed with the empty vector and wild type) were selfed and resulting T2 lines with petal size deviations from control were selected. Inflorescence buds from secondary inflorescences were harvested from transgenic T2 plants that formed smaller (#0255 or #0569) or larger (#0577) petals in the main inflorescence. Total RNA was isolated and sent to the Integrated Functional Genomics Service at the University of Münster, Germany, which carried out probe preparation, hybridization and statistical analysis of the data. Differential gene expression was always determined from a comparison of gene expression from #0522, #0569 and #0577, respectively, against the control (#pBar; inflorescence gene expression in plants transformed with an empty vector).
Project description:affy_petaldvt_lyon_rose. The objective is to identify genes involved in petal development in rose. We aim at identifying genes whose expression correlates with flower opening and scent emission. In this study, we used a microarray approach to compare the transcriptome of a scented rose flower (PF) versus non-scented rose flower (RF). Samples (petal tissues) were collected at the same time early in the afternoon. Total RNA was extracted using the Plant RNA kit (Macherey Nagel), and then used to hybridize Rosa-Affymetrix microarrays. Keywords: scented vs non-scented flowers Overall design: 4 arrays - rose. Scented and non-scented flowers, 2 replicates each.