Project description:Transcriptome profiles of control Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 cells were compared with 8% ethanol adapted cells and with 10 min or 30 min 8% ethanol shocked cells. A continuous culture was performed in duplicate on medium containing ehtanol (tE). A shock experiment was performed in duplicate in which ethanol was added to a batch culture immediately after t0 (=control). The culture was sampled at time=0 (t0), time =10 min (t1) and time=30 min (t2).
Project description:Transcriptome profiles of control Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 cells were compared with 8% ethanol adapted cells and with 10 min or 30 min 8% ethanol shocked cells. Overall design: A continuous culture was performed in duplicate on medium containing ehtanol (tE). A shock experiment was performed in duplicate in which ethanol was added to a batch culture immediately after t0 (=control). The culture was sampled at time=0 (t0), time =10 min (t1) and time=30 min (t2).
Project description:Sortases are transpeptidase enzymes that couple surface proteins to the peptidoglycan of Gram-positive bacteria. Several sortase-dependent proteins (SDPs) have been identified that are crucial for bacterial pathogenesis and, although less frequently, for the physiology of non-pathogenic bacteria. We found that an isogenic sortase A (srtA) deletion derivative (NZ7104) of Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 did not express any residual SrtA activity, i.e. failed to cleave the LPQTDE SrtA recognition motif. Trypsination of intact bacterial cells, followed by mass spectrometry based peptide identification, revealed a significant decrease, but not complete loss of SDPs on the NZ7104 cell surface as compared to the wildtype. Using LiCl, we further found that several SDPs could be extracted from the cell surface of NZ7104 but not from the wildtype, demonstrating that SrtA is involved in the covalent coupling of these SDPs. Neither the gastrointestinal persistence of L. plantarum in mice, nor the cytokine secretion patterns induced in monocyte derived immature dendritic cells (iDCs) was significantly affected by the srtA deletion. However, contrary to the wild-type cells, LiCl washed NZ7104 cells induced drastically increased proinflammatory cytokine production in iDCs, indicating a role of the SDPs in attenuation of immune system stimulation. array were constructed in two subdesigns: one comparing all samples from logarithmic phase (WT vs mutant) and one comparing the stationary phase samples (WT vs mutant)
Project description:Lactobacillus plantarum is a common inhabitant of mammalian gastrointestinal tracts and specific strains belonging to this species are marketed as probiotics intended to confer beneficial health effects. To assist in determining the physiological status and host-microbe interactions of L. plantarum in the digestive tract we assessed changes in the transcriptome of L. plantarum WCFS1 during colonization of the cecum of germ-free mice. According to the transcript profiles L. plantarum WCFS1 was metabolically active and not under severe stress in this intestinal compartment. Carbohydrate metabolism was the most strongly affected functional gene category whereby many genes encoding diverse sugar transport and degradation pathways were induced in mice even compared to L. plantarum grown in a mouse chow-derived laboratory medium. This suggests that the ability of L. plantarum WCFS1 to consume diverse energy sources including plant-associated and host-derived carbohydrates was increased during its residence in the digestive tract. Many of these genes were also induced in L. plantarum colonizing germ-free mice fed a humanized Western-style diet. Similarly a core set of genes encoding cell surface-related properties were differentially expressed in mice. This set includes genes required for the D-alanylation and glycosylation of lipoteichoic acids that were strongly down-regulated in mice. In total L. plantarum exhibits a distinct in vivo transcriptome directed towards adaptation to the mouse intestinal environment. Keywords: cell type comparison Six-week old germ-free C57 Black-6 male mice were inoculated with a single dose of 109 CFU of exponential-phase L. plantarum WCFS1 cells. The mice were sacrificed 15 days later, after sufficient time had passed for several turnovers of the intestinal epithelium and its overlying mucosal layer. Four mice were fed on Chow diet and two mice were fed on western style diet. RNA was isolated from the cecum of these mice. The transcriptome of L. plantarum in these mice was compared to that of L. plantarum grown on MRS broth, Chow broth, or on chemically defined media with either glucose or lactose as carbon- and energy source.
Project description:The indigenous human gut microbiota is a major contributor to the human superorganism with established roles in modulating nutritional status, immunity, and systemic health including diabetes and obesity. The complexity of the gut microbiota consisting of over 1012 residents and approximately 1000 species has thus far eluded systematic analyses of the precise effects of individual microbial residents on human health. In contrast, health benefits have been shown upon ingestion of certain so-called probiotic Lactobacillus strains in food products and nutritional supplements, thereby providing a unique opportunity to study the global responses of a gut-adapted microorganism in the human gut and to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying microbial modulation of intestinal physiology, which might involve alterations in the intestinal physico-chemical environment, modifications in the gut microbiota, and/or direct interaction with mucosal epithelia and immune cells. Here we show by transcriptome analysis using DNA microarrays that the established probiotic bacterium, L. plantarum 299v, adapts its metabolic capacity in the human digestive tract for carbohydrate acquisition and expression of exo-polysaccharide and proteinaceous cell surface compounds. This report constitutes the first application of global gene expression profiling of a gut-adapted commensal microorganism in the human gut. Comparisons of the transcript profiles to those obtained for L. plantarum WCFS1 in germ-free mice revealed conserved L. plantarum responses indicative of a core transcriptome expressed in the mammalian gut and provide new molecular targets for determining microbial-host interactions affecting human health. Hybridization of the samples against a common reference of gDNA isolated from L. plantarum 299v