Project description:The goal of this study was to measure the effect of heat stress on the transcriptome of a cold-adapted fish species - Trematomus bernacchii - an Antarctic fish species. Keywords: Stress response Overall design: Three control fish are compared to 3 heat-shocked fish, 3 short-term recovery fish and 3 longer term recovery fish.
Project description:The goal of this study was to measure the effect of heat stress on the transcriptome of a cold-adapted fish (Trematomus bernacchii) and compare it to a temperate species (Gillichthys mirabilis). This SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below. Overall design: In the first experiment (Gillichthys mirabilis), three control fish are compared to three heat-shocked fish. In the second experiment (Trematomus bernacchii), three control fish are compared to 3 heat-shocked fish, 3 short-term recovery fish and 3 longer term recovery fish.
Project description:The Antarctic icefish, a family (Channichthyidae) of teleosts within the perciform suborder Notothenioidei, are the only known vertebrates without oxygen-transporting hemoglobins and that are largely devoid of circulating erythrocytes. To elucidate the evo-devo mechanisms underpinning the suppressed erythropoiesis in the icefish, we conducted comparative studies on the transcriptomes and microRNAomes of the primary hematopoietic tissues between an icefish (Chionodraco hamatus) and two red-blooded notothenioids (Trematomus bernacchii and Gymnodraco acuticeps). We identified substantial remodeling of the hematopoietic programs in the icefish through which erythropoiesis is selectively suppressed. Experimental verification showed that erythropoietic suppression in the icefish may be attributable to the upregulation of TGF-β signaling, which coincides with reductions in multiple transcription factors essential for erythropoiesis and the upregulation of hundreds of microRNAs, the majority (> 80%) of which potentially target erythropoiesis regulating factors. Overall design: Comparative transcriptome studies on 9 samples (hematopoietic tissues of three notothenioids fish)
| GSE70113 | GEO
Project description:Molecular and biochemical responsiveness toward climate change in the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii
Project description:Voit2003 - Trehalose Cycle
This model is described in the article:
Biochemical and genomic
regulation of the trehalose cycle in yeast: review of
observations and canonical model analysis.
J. Theor. Biol. 2003 Jul; 223(1):
The physiological hallmark of heat-shock response in yeast
is a rapid, enormous increase in the concentration of
trehalose. Normally found in growing yeast cells and other
organisms only as traces, trehalose becomes a crucial protector
of proteins and membranes against a variety of stresses,
including heat, cold, starvation, desiccation, osmotic or
oxidative stress, and exposure to toxicants. Trehalose is
produced from glucose 6-phosphate and uridine diphosphate
glucose in a two-step process, and recycled to glucose by
trehalases. Even though the trehalose cycle consists of only a
few metabolites and enzymatic steps, its regulatory structure
and operation are surprisingly complex. The article begins with
a review of experimental observations on the regulation of the
trehalose cycle in yeast and proposes a canonical model for its
analysis. The first part of this analysis demonstrates the
benefits of the various regulatory features by means of
controlled comparisons with models of otherwise equivalent
pathways lacking these features. The second part elucidates the
significance of the expression pattern of the trehalose cycle
genes in response to heat shock. Interestingly, the genes
contributing to trehalose formation are up-regulated to very
different degrees, and even the trehalose degrading trehalases
show drastically increased activity during heat-shock response.
Again using the method of controlled comparisons, the model
provides rationale for the observed pattern of gene expression
and reveals benefits of the counterintuitive trehalase
induce a heat shock, set the parameter heat_shock from 0 to 1. This
changes the parameter values of X8 to X19 from 1 to the values
given in table 3 of the original publication.
this is an S-systems model, it does not contain any reactions
encoded in SBML.
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