Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE29319: Iron-starvation effect on transcriptome of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5: iron(II) chloride GSE29320: Iron-starvation effect on transcriptome of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5: iron(III) chloride Refer to individual Series
Project description:Transcriptomic profiling of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 comparing iron(III) chloride supplemented grown culture against non-iron treated grown culture in M9 minimal media Two-condition experiment, iron(III) chloride supplemented culture versus non-iron treated culture. 3 biological replicates including 3 technical replicates for one of the biological replicate and 2 technical replicates for another biological replicate. Swap-dye experiments were performed
Project description:Transcriptomic profiling of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 comparing iron(II) chloride supplemented grown culture against non-iron treated grown culture in M9 minimal media Overall design: Two-condition experiment, iron(II) chloride supplemented culture versus non-iron treated culture. 4 biological replicates including 3 technical replicates for one of the biological replicates. Swap-dye experiments were performed
Project description:Transcriptomic profiling of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 comparing iron(II) chloride supplemented grown culture against non-iron treated grown culture in M9 minimal media Two-condition experiment, iron(II) chloride supplemented culture versus non-iron treated culture. 4 biological replicates including 3 technical replicates for one of the biological replicates. Swap-dye experiments were performed
Project description:One of the most important micronutrients for bacterial growth is iron, whose bioavailability in soil is limited. Consequently, rhizospheric bacteria such as Pseudomonas fluorescens employ a range of mechanisms to acquire or compete for iron. We investigated the transcriptomic and proteomic effects of iron limitation on P. fluorescens Pf-5 by employing microarray and iTRAQ techniques, respectively. Analysis of this data revealed that genes encoding functions related to iron homeostasis, including pyoverdine and enantio-pyochelin biosynthesis, a number of TonB-dependent receptor systems, as well as some inner-membrane transporters, were significantly up-regulated in response to iron limitation. Transcription of a ribosomal protein L36-encoding gene was also highly up-regulated during iron limitation. Certain genes or proteins involved in biosynthesis of secondary metabolites such as 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (DAPG), orfamide A and pyrrolnitrin, as well as a chitinase, were over-expressed under iron-limited conditions. In contrast, we observed that expression of genes involved in hydrogen cyanide production and flagellar biosynthesis were down-regulated in an iron-depleted culture medium. Phenotypic tests revealed that Pf-5 had reduced swarming motility on semi-solid agar in response to iron limitation. Comparison of the transcriptomic data with the proteomic data suggested that iron acquisition is regulated at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels.
Project description:Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 is a plant commensal bacterium that inhabits the rhizosphere and produces secondary metabolites that suppress soilborne plant pathogens. The complete sequence of the 7.1-Mb Pf-5 genome was determined. We analyzed repeat sequences to identify genomic islands that, together with other approaches, suggested P. fluorescens Pf-5's recent lateral acquisitions include six secondary metabolite gene clusters, seven phage regions and a mobile genomic island. We identified various features that contribute to its commensal lifestyle on plants, including broad catabolic and transport capabilities for utilizing plant-derived compounds, the apparent ability to use a diversity of iron siderophores, detoxification systems to protect from oxidative stress, and the lack of a type III secretion system and toxins found in related pathogens. In addition to six known secondary metabolites produced by P. fluorescens Pf-5, three novel secondary metabolite biosynthesis gene clusters were also identified that may contribute to the biocontrol properties of P. fluorescens Pf-5.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE33907: Tannic acid (20 µg/ mL) treatment effect on transcriptome of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 GSE33908: Tannic acid (160 µg/ mL) treatment effect on transcriptome of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 Refer to individual Series
Project description:The GacS/GacA signal transduction system is a central regulator in Pseudomonas spp., including the biological control strain P. fluorescens Pf-5, in which GacS/GacA controls the production of secondary metabolites and exoenzymes that suppress plant pathogens. A whole genome oligonucleotide microarray was developed for Pf-5 and used to assess the global transcriptomic consequences of a gacA mutation in P. fluorescens Pf-5. In cultures at the transition from exponential to stationary growth phase, GacA significantly influenced transcript levels of 632 genes, representing more than 10% of the 6147 annotated genes in the Pf-5 genome. Transcripts of genes involved in the production of hydrogen cyanide, the antibiotic pyoluteorin, and the extracellular protease AprA were at a low level in the gacA mutant, whereas those functioning in siderophore production and other aspects of iron homeostasis were significantly higher in the gacA mutant than in wild-type Pf-5. Notable effects of gacA inactivation were also observed in the transcription of genes encoding components of a type VI secretion system and cytochrome C oxidase subunits. Two novel gene clusters expressed under the control of gacA were identified from transcriptome analysis, and we propose global-regulator-based genome mining as an approach to decipher the secondary metabolome of Pseudomonas spp. Overall design: In this series two conditions have been analyzed. A gacA mutant of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 was harvested at early (OD 0.5) and late (OD 2.4) time points and compared to wild-type Pf-5 harvested in parallel. For each slide, an experimental RNA sample from a gacA mutant was labeled with Cy3 or Cy5 and was hybridized with a reference RNA sample from wild-type Pf-5 labeled with the other Cy dye. There are six slides per condition. Each condition is represented by three biological replicates. There are two flip-dye replicates for each biological replicate. Each slide contains three replicate spots per gene.
Project description:Bacteriocin LlpA, produced by Pseudomonas sp. strain BW11M1, is a peculiar antibacterial protein due to its homology to mannose-binding lectins mostly found in monocots (A. H. A. Parret, G. Schoofs, P. Proost, and R. De Mot, J. Bacteriol. 185:897-908, 2003). Biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 contains two llpA-like genes, named llpA1(Pf-5) and llpA2(Pf-5). Recombinant Escherichia coli cells expressing llpA1(Pf-5) or llpA2(Pf-5) acquired bacteriocin activity and secreted a 31-kDa protein cross-reacting with LlpA(BW11M1) antibodies. Antibacterial activity of the recombinant proteins was evidenced by gel overlay assays. Analysis of the antimicrobial spectrum indicated that LlpA1(Pf-5) and LlpA2(Pf-5) are able to inhibit P. fluorescens strains, as well as the related mushroom pathogen Pseudomonas tolaasii. LlpA-type bacteriocins are characterized by a domain structure consisting of tandem monocot mannose-binding lectin (MMBL) domains. Molecular phylogeny of these MMBL domains suggests that the individual MMBL domains within an LlpA protein have evolved separately toward a specific, as yet unknown, function or, alternatively, were acquired from different ancestral sources. Our observations are consistent with earlier observations, which hinted that MMBL-like bacteriocins represent a new family of antibacterial proteins, probably with a novel mode of action.