Project description:Transcriptional profiling of E.coli O157:H7 cells comparing control untreated cells with PEG8000treated cells Two-condition experiment, Control vs. PEG8000. Biological replicates: 1 control, 1 treated.
Project description:Unlike many other types of diarrheagenic bacteria that act primarily in the small intestine, O157:H7 expresses virulence primarily in the large intestine. In this study, microarray analysis is employed to examine the transcriptional response of O157:H7 to bile treatment, to gain insight into how bile affects virulence and whether bile might be temporally defending the small intestine against virulence by these bacteria. Keywords: Expression profiling of two different growth conditions Overall design: Two groups of three replicates were used: E.coli O157:H7 grown in Luria broth with or without 0.8% bile salts
Project description:Leafy green vegetables, such as lettuce, have been increasingly implicated in outbreaks of foodborne illnesses due to contamination by Escherichia coli O157:H7. While E. coli can survive in soils, colonize plants, and survive on produce, very little is known about the interaction of E. coli with the roots of growing lettuce plants. In these studies, a combination of microarray analyses and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) were used to gain a comprehensive understanding of bacterial genes involved in the colonization and growth of E. coli O157:H7 on lettuce roots and compared to E. coli K12 using a hydroponic system (HS) which we have reported in the previous studies. Using microarray, after three days of interaction with lettuce roots, 94 and 109 genes of E. coli O157:H7 were significantly up-regulated and down-regulated at least 1.5 fold, respectively. Only 8 genes were also found in the E. coli K12 up-regulated genes. No genes were found in the down-regulated genes clusters between those two strains. For E. coli O157:H7, forty out of the 94 up-regulated genes (43%) were involved in protein synthesis and were highly repressed compared to 40 out of 193 (23%) E. coli K12 up-regulated genes associated with protein synthesis. The wildtype of E.coli O157:H7 colonized two log CFU per root less compared to E. coli K12. Genes involved in biofilm modulation (bhsA and ybiM) were significantly up-regulated in E. coli O157:H7 and curli production (crl and csgA) were found important for E. coli K12 to attach to lettuce roots in the previous studies. BhsA mutant of E. coli O157:H7 was impaired in the colonization of lettuce roots. The SERS spectra of E. coli K12 and O157 controls (cells without interacting with roots) were very similar. The spectra of E. coli K12 and O157 exposed to the hydroponic system (HS) showed some differences in the nucleic acid, protein, and lipid regions compared with controls. The spectra of E. coli K12 HS cells exhibited significant differences compared to spectra from E. coli O157 HS cells in the RNA and protein regions. The overall band intensity of amide regions declined for E. coli O157 HS cells, while it increased for E. coli K12 HS cells. The intensity of the RNA bands of E. coli K12 HS cells were also found much higher than those of E. coli O157 HS cells. These findings were in agreement to our Microarray data. Our microarray and SERS data showed that E. coli K12 and O157:H7 behavior dramatically differently in colonizing on lettuce roots. Compared to K12, E. coli O157:H7 colonized less efficiently on lettuce roots. Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains were grown in the lettuce rhizosphere for three days. Transcriptional profiling of E. coli was compared between cells grown with and without rhizosphere . Three biological replicates of each treatment were prepared, and six microarray slides were used.
Project description:Unlike many other types of diarrheagenic bacteria that act primarily in the small intestine, O157:H7 expresses virulence primarily in the large intestine. In this study, microarray analysis is employed to examine the transcriptional response of O157:H7 to bile treatment, to gain insight into how bile affects virulence and whether bile might be temporally defending the small intestine against virulence by these bacteria. Keywords: Expression profiling of two different growth conditions Two groups of three replicates were used: E.coli O157:H7 grown in Luria broth with or without 0.8% bile salts
Project description:Cinnamaldehyde is a natural antimicrobial and has been found to be effective against many foodborne pathogens including Escherichia coli O157:H7. Although its antimicrobial effects have been well investigated, limited information is available on its effects at the molecular level. Sublethal treatment at 200 mg/l cinnamaldehyde inhibited growth of E. coli O157:H7 at 37oC and for ≤ 2 h caused cell elongation, but from 2 to 4 h growth resumed and cells reverted to normal length. To understand this transient behaviour, genome-wide transcriptional analysis of E. coli O157:H7 was performed at 2 and 4 h exposure to cinnamaldehyde. Drastically different gene expression profiles were obtained at 2 and 4 h. At 2 h exposure, cinnamaldehyde induced overexpression of many oxidative stress-related genes, reduced DNA replication, and synthesis of protein, O-antigen and fimbriae. At 4 h, many cinnamaldehyde-induced repressive effects on E. coli O157:H7 gene expressions were reversed and oxidatve stress genes were nolonger differentially expressed. Duplicate E. coli O157:H7 cultures with or without 200 mg/l cinnamaldehyde were incubated at 37°C for ≤ 4 h. Cinnamaldehyde-induced changes in gene expression profiles were compared at 2 and 4 h using Affymetrix Ginechip 2.0 microarrays.
Project description:Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an important food-borne pathogen that can cause hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in humans. pO157_Sal, a novel conjugative plasmid is present in a Chinese O157:H7 outbreak strain Xuzhou21. Here we investigated the phenotypic and transcriptional differences between the wild type strain Xuzhou21 and the pO157_Sal cured mutant strain Xuzhou21m. RNA-seq analysis found that all 52 ORFs encoded on pO157_Sal were transcribed. 168 chromosomal and pO157 genes were differentially expressed (≥2 fold difference) between Xuzhou21 and Xuzhou21m. Sixty-seven and 101 genes were up-regulated and down-regulated respectively by pO157_Sal including genes related to stress response, adaption and virulence. The plasmid-cured mutant grew slower than wild type in M9 medium under the condition of high NaCl or presence of sodium deoxycholate (NaDC), corroborating with the RNA-seq data. Seven differentially expressed genes are associated with NaDC resistance, including the adenine-specific DNA-methyltransferase gene (dam), multidrug efflux system subunit gene mdtA, hyperosmotically inducible periplasmic protein gene osmY and oxidation-reduction related genes while two differentially expressed genes (osmY and pspD) are likely to be related to resistance to osmotic pressure. A number of differentially expressed genes were virulence associated including four genes encoding T3SS effectors from the chromosome and ehxD from pO157. These findings demonstrated that the plasmid pO157_Sal affects the chromosome and pO157 genes transcription and contributes to the enhanced ability to resist stress. We conclude that pO157_Sal plays an important role in regulating global gene expression and affects virulence and adaptation of E.coli O157:H7. The total mRNA extracted from Escherichia coli O157:H7 Xuzhou21 and its plasmid cured strain Xuzhou21m were sequenced using Illumina.