Project description:This study compared the genome of Streptomyces rimosus rimosus against that of Streptomyces coelicolor. It also compared 4 strains with changes in oxytetracycline production and derived from G7, the type strain, against G7. Keywords: Comparative genomic hybridization Overall design: Duplicate samples, each replicate may be found in the corresponding supplementary file for the Sample
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Streptomyces avermitilis delta-aveI mutant, compared to the wild-type strain. The mutants analyzed in this study are further described in Chen L, Lu Y., Chen J, Zhang W, Shu D, Qin Z, Yang S, Jiang W. (2008) Characterization of a negative regulator AveI for avermectin biosynthesis in Streptomyces avermitilis NRRL8165. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 80(2): 277-86. Overall design: A six chip study using total RNA recovered from three separate Streptomyces avermitilis NRRL8165 and three separate cultures of a Streptomyces avermitilis NRRL8165 delta-aveI (delta-l) mutant. 3 separate RMA normalizations performed, one for each pair of control and mutant samples.
Project description:Bacteria isolated from potato scab lesions in Finland or northern Sweden were analyzed using microarrays, PCR, and sequencing. Data indicate wide genetic variability in pathogenicity islands among S.turgidiscabies and S.scabies strains. Overall design: Thirteen Streptomyces scabies and turgidiscabies strains from two different growings, Streptomyces reticulisabiei reference strain DSM41804 and Streptomyces scabies reference strain ATCC49173 were hybridized. Data were analyzed in single channel mode.
Project description:Streptomyces sp. M7 has demonstrated ability to remove lindane from culture media and soils. In this study, we used MS-based label-free quantitative proteomic to understand lindane degradation and its metabolic context in Streptomyces sp. M7. We identified the proteins involved in the up-stream degradation pathway. Our results demonstrated that mineralization of lindane is feasible since proteins from an unusual down-stream degradation pathway were also identified. Degradative steps were supported by an active catabolism that supplied energy and reducing equivalents in the form of NADPH. This is the first study in which degradation steps of an organochlorine compound and metabolic context are elucidate in a biotechnological genus as Streptomyces. These results serve as basement to study other degradative actinobacteria and to improve the degradation processes of Streptomyces sp. M7.
Project description:We identified genome-wide binding regions of NdgR in Streptomyces coelicolor using chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq). We constructed 6×myc-tagged NdgR strain using homologous recombination with myc-tagging vector. Analysis of the sequencing data aligned to Streptomyces coelicolor genome database (NC_003888). Overall design: 6x-myc tagged Streptomyces coelicolor M145 was cultured on solid minimal media supplemented with N-acetylglucosamine and asparagine during 36hrs. Anti-myc antibody (9E10) was used for immunoprecipitation (IP). IP-DNA was sequenced using Illumina Genome Analyzer Ⅱx
Project description:The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of extracellular culture medium of Streptomyces AGN23, a strain inducing disease resistance in plants, on the Arabidopsis transcriptome. Overall design: A total of 17 samples were analysed comprising 3 biological replicates for each of the 3 timepoints of the kinetic (1 hour, 6 hour, 24 hour) for both treated (AGN) and control actilande (ACT) treatments.
Project description:Streptomyces clavuligerus F613-1 produces a clinically important β-lactamase inhibitor, clavulanic acid (CA). The biosynthesis pathway of CA has been basically elucidated, however, the global regulation of CA biosynthesis remains unclear. In order to further elucidate the regulatory mechanism of clavulanic acid synthesis, TCS RS07910/07915 which is next to the CA biosynthetic gene cluster was deleted in Streptomyces clavuligerus. F613-1. Deletion of RS07910/07915 results in decreased the production of CA, but the phenotype was not affected. Both the transcriptome and ChIP-seq data revealed that the TCS RS07910/07915 mainly regulate genes involved in primary metabolism (such as fatty acid degradation, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) metabolism, arginine biosynthesis) and CA biosynthesis. EMSA assays revealed that RS07915 could bind to the promoter fragments of argG, argC, oat1, oat2, ceaS1 and claR in vitro, indicating that RS07915 could direct regulate the biosynthesis genes of arginine and CA. This study indicated that RS07910/07915 is a pleiotropy regulatory TCS, RS07910/07915 could directly affect the biosynthesis of CA, and indirectly affect CA production through affecting primary metabolism of arginine and G3P (precursors of CA). Overall design: mRNA profiles of Streptomyces wild-type and ΔRS07910/07915 mutant strains were generated by deep sequencing
Project description:This study compared the genome of Streptomyces rimosus rimosus against that of Streptomyces coelicolor. It also compared 4 strains with changes in oxytetracycline production and derived from G7, the type strain, against G7. Duplicate samples, each replicate may be found in the corresponding supplementary file for the Sample
Project description:Two component sensor-response regulator systems (TCSs) are very common in the genomes of the Streptomyces species that have been fully sequenced to date. It has been suggested that this large number is an evolutionary response to the variable environment that Streptomyces encounter in soil. Notwithstanding this, TCSs are also more common in the sequenced genomes of other Actinomycetales when these are compared to the genomes of most other eubacteria. In this study, we have used DNA/DNA genome microarray analysis to compare fourteen Streptomyces species and one closely related genus to Streptomyces coelicolor in order to identify a core group of such systems. This core group is compared to the syntenous and non-syntenous TCSs present in the genome sequences of other Actinomycetales in order to separate the systems into those present in Actinomycetales in general, the Streptomyces specific systems and the species specific systems. Horizontal transfer does not seem to play a very important role in the evolution of the TCS complement analyzed in this study. However, cognate pairs do not necessarily seem to evolve at the same pace, which may indicate the evolutionary responses to environmental variation may be reflected differently in sequence changes within the two components of the TCSs. The overall analysis allowed subclassification of the orphan TCSs and the TCS cognate pairs and identification of possible targets for further study using gene knockouts, gene overexpression, reporter genes and yeast two hybrid analysis. Overall design: DNA/DNA comparative analysis using the University of Surrey PCR Microarray chip
Project description:Biofilms are ubiquitous in natural, medical, and engineering environments. While most antibiotics that primarily aim to inhibit cell growth may result in bacterial drug resistance, biofilm inhibitors do not affect cell growth and there is less chance of developing resistance. This work sought to identify novel, non-toxic and potent biofilm inhibitors from Streptomyces bacteria for reducing the biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Out of 4300 Streptomyces strains, one species produced and secreted peptide(s) to inhibit P. aeruginosa biofilm formation by 93% without affecting the growth of planktonic cells. Global transcriptome analyses (DNA microarray) revealed that the supernatant of the Streptomyces 230 strain induced phenazine, pyoverdine, and pyochelin synthesis genes. Electron microscopy showed that the supernatant of Streptomyces 230 strain reduced the production of polymeric matrix in P. aeruginosa biofilm cells, while the Streptomyces species enhanced swarming motility of P. aeruginosa. Therefore, current study suggests that Streptomyces bacteria are an important resource of biofilm inhibitors as well as antibiotics. Overall design: For the microarray experiments, P. aeruginosa were inoculated in 25 0ml of LB medium in 1000 ml shake flasks with overnight cultures that were diluted 1:100. Streptomyces 230 strain culture media was added in at 1% . Cells were cultured with 10g of glass wool in LB at 37°C with 100 rpm shaking for 7 hrs. Cells were immediately chilled with dry ice and 95% ethanol (to prevent RNA degradation) for 30 sec before centrifugation in 50 ml centrifuge tubes at 13,000 g for 2 min; cell pellets were frozen immediately with dry ice and stored -80°C. RNA was isolated using Qiagen RNeasy mini Kit (Valencia, CA, USA). RNA quality was assessed by Agilent 2100 bioanalyser using the RNA 6000 Nano Chip (Agilent Technologies, Amstelveen, The Netherlands), and quantity was determined by ND-1000 Spectrophotometer (NanoDrop Technologies, Inc., DE, USA).