Project description:Pseudomonas syringae pv. lapsa is a pathovar of Pseudomonas syringae that can infect wheat. The complete genome of P. syringae pv. lapsa strain ATCC 10859 contains a 5,918,899-bp circular chromosome with 4,973 coding sequences, 16 rRNAs, 69 tRNAs, and an average GC content of 59.13%. The analysis of this genome revealed several gene clusters that are related to pathogenesis and virulence.
Project description:Strains of the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae are commonly found in the phylosphere and are able to infect a number of agriculturally important crops. Here, we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B301D-R, isolated from pears, which is a model strain for phytotoxin research in P. syringae.
Project description:The psychrophilic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae strain Lz4W was isolated from soil samples from Antarctica to decipher the mechanisms of low-temperature adaptation. We report here the 4.982-Mb draft genome sequence of P. syringae Lz4W. This sequence will provide insights into the genomic basis of the psychrophilicity of this bacterium.
Project description:We report here the annotated draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae strain ALF3, isolated in Wyoming. A comparison of this genome sequence with those of closely related strains of P. syringae adapted to other hosts will facilitate research into interactions between this pathogen and alfalfa.
Project description:Plants develop in a microbe-rich environment and must interact with a plethora of microorganisms, both pathogenic and beneficial. Indeed, such is the case of Pseudomonas, and its model organisms P. fluorescens and P. syringae, a bacterial genus that has received particular attention because of its beneficial effect on plants and its pathogenic strains. The present study aims to compare plant-beneficial and pathogenic strains belonging to the P. syringae species to get new insights into the distinction between the two types of plant-microbe interactions. In assays carried out under greenhouse conditions, P. syringae pv. syringae strain 260-02 was shown to promote plant-growth and to exert biocontrol of P. syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000, against the Botrytis cinerea fungus and the Cymbidium Ringspot Virus. This P. syringae strain also had a distinct volatile emission profile, as well as a different plant-colonization pattern, visualized by confocal microscopy and gfp labeled strains, compared to strain DC3000. Despite the different behavior, the P. syringae strain 260-02 showed great similarity to pathogenic strains at a genomic level. However, genome analyses highlighted a few differences that form the basis for the following hypotheses regarding strain 260-02. P. syringae strain 260-02: (i) possesses non-functional virulence genes, like the mangotoxin-producing operon Mbo; (ii) has different regulation pathways, suggested by the difference in the autoinducer system and the lack of a virulence activator gene; (iii) has genes encoding DNA methylases different from those found in other P. syringae strains, suggested by the presence of horizontal-gene-transfer-obtained methylases that could affect gene expression.
Project description:Using a sensitive assay, we observed low levels of an unknown surfactant produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a that was not detected by traditional methods yet enabled swarming motility in a strain that exhibited deficient production of syringafactin, the main characterized surfactant produced by P. syringae. Random mutagenesis of the syringafactin-deficient strain revealed an acyltransferase with homology to rhlA from Pseudomonas aeruginosa that was required for production of this unidentified surfactant, subsequently characterized by mass spectrometry as 3-(3-hydroxyalkanoyloxy) alkanoic acid (HAA). Analysis of other mutants with altered surfactant production revealed that HAA is coordinately regulated with the late-stage flagellar gene encoding flagellin; mutations in genes involved in early flagellar assembly abolish or reduce HAA production, while mutations in flagellin or flagellin glycosylation genes increase its production. When colonizing a hydrated porous surface, the bacterium increases production of both flagellin and HAA. P. syringae was defective in porous-paper colonization without functional flagella and was slightly inhibited in this movement when it lacked surfactant production. Loss of HAA production in a syringafactin-deficient strain had no effect on swimming but abolished swarming motility. In contrast, a strain that lacked HAA but retained syringafactin production exhibited broad swarming tendrils, while a syringafactin-producing strain that overproduced HAA exhibited slender swarming tendrils. On the basis of further analysis of mutants altered in HAA production, we discuss its regulation in Pseudomonas syringae.
Project description:Pseudomonas syringae is a widespread bacterial pathogen that causes disease on a broad range of economically important plant species. Pathogenicity of P. syringae strains is dependent on the type III secretion system, which secretes a suite of up to about thirty virulence 'effector' proteins into the host cytoplasm where they subvert the eukaryotic cell physiology and disrupt host defences. P. syringae pathovar tabaci naturally causes disease on wild tobacco, the model member of the Solanaceae, a family that includes many crop species as well as on soybean.We used the 'next-generation' Illumina sequencing platform and the Velvet short-read assembly program to generate a 145X deep 6,077,921 nucleotide draft genome sequence for P. syringae pathovar tabaci strain 11528. From our draft assembly, we predicted 5,300 potential genes encoding proteins of at least 100 amino acids long, of which 303 (5.72%) had no significant sequence similarity to those encoded by the three previously fully sequenced P. syringae genomes. Of the core set of Hrp Outer Proteins that are conserved in three previously fully sequenced P. syringae strains, most were also conserved in strain 11528, including AvrE1, HopAH2, HopAJ2, HopAK1, HopAN1, HopI, HopJ1, HopX1, HrpK1 and HrpW1. However, the hrpZ1 gene is partially deleted and hopAF1 is completely absent in 11528. The draft genome of strain 11528 also encodes close homologues of HopO1, HopT1, HopAH1, HopR1, HopV1, HopAG1, HopAS1, HopAE1, HopAR1, HopF1, and HopW1 and a degenerate HopM1'. Using a functional screen, we confirmed that hopO1, hopT1, hopAH1, hopM1', hopAE1, hopAR1, and hopAI1' are part of the virulence-associated HrpL regulon, though the hopAI1' and hopM1' sequences were degenerate with premature stop codons. We also discovered two additional HrpL-regulated effector candidates and an HrpL-regulated distant homologue of avrPto1.The draft genome sequence facilitates the continued development of P. syringae pathovar tabaci on wild tobacco as an attractive model system for studying bacterial disease on plants. The catalogue of effectors sheds further light on the evolution of pathogenicity and host-specificity as well as providing a set of molecular tools for the study of plant defence mechanisms. We also discovered several large genomic regions in Pta 11528 that do not share detectable nucleotide sequence similarity with previously sequenced Pseudomonas genomes. These regions may include horizontally acquired islands that possibly contribute to pathogenicity or epiphytic fitness of Pta 11528.
Project description:Two types of necrosis-inducing lipodepsipeptide toxins, called syringomycin and syringopeptin, are major virulence factors of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae strain B301D. A previous study showed that a locus, called syrA, was required for both syringomycin production and plant pathogenicity, and the syrA locus was speculated to encode a regulator of toxin production. In this study, sequence analysis of the 8-kb genomic DNA fragment that complements the syrA phenotype revealed high conservation among a broad spectrum of fluorescent pseudomonads. The putative protein encoded by open reading frame 4 (ORF4) (1,299 bp) in the syrA locus region exhibited 85% identity to ArgA, which is involved in arginine biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Growth of strain W4S2545, the syrA mutant, required supplementation of N minimal medium with arginine. Similarly, syringomycin production of syrA mutant W4S2545 was restored by the addition of arginine to culture media. Furthermore, the insertion of Tn5 in the genome of the syrA mutant W4S2545 was localized between nucleotides 146 and 147 in ORF4, and syringomycin production was complemented in trans with the wild-type DNA fragment containing intact ORF4. These results demonstrate that the syrA locus is the argA gene of P. syringae pv. syringae and that argA is directly involved in arginine biosynthesis and therefore indirectly affects syringomycin production because of arginine deficiency.
Project description:The foliar pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae exhibits an exceptional ability to survive on asymptomatic plants as an epiphyte. Intermittent wetting events on plants lead to osmotic and matric stresses which must be tolerated for survival as an epiphyte. In this study, we have applied bioinformatic, genetic, and biochemical approaches to address water stress tolerance in P. syringae pv. syringae strain B728a, for which a complete genome sequence is available. P. syringae pv. syringae B728a is able to produce the compatible solutes betaine, ectoine, N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide (NAGGN), and trehalose. Analysis of osmolyte profiles of P. syringae pv. syringae B728a under a variety of in vitro and in planta conditions reveals that the osmolytes differentially contribute to water stress tolerance in this species and that they interact at the level of transcription to yield a hierarchy of expression. While the interruption of a putative gene cluster coding for NAGGN biosynthesis provided the first experimental evidence of the NAGGN biosynthetic pathway, application of this knockout strain and also a gfp reporter gene fusion strain demonstrated the small contribution of NAGGN to cell survival and desiccation tolerance of P. syringae pv. syringae B728a under in planta conditions. Additionally, detailed investigation of ectC, an orphan of the ectoine cluster (lacking the ectA and ectB homologs), revealed its functionality and that ectoine production could be detected in NaCl-amended cultures of P. syringae pv. syringae B728a to which sterilized leaves of Syringa vulgaris had been added.
Project description:Pseudomonas syringae pv. panici is a phytopathogenic bacterium causing brown stripe disease in economically important crops worldwide. Here, we announce the draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. panici LMG2367 to provide further valuable insights for comparison of the pathovars among species Pseudomonas syringae.