Project description:Our objective was to improve current knowledge of sporadic (Spo) nosocomial Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii (Acb) complex populations, and thus better understand the epidemiology of Spo and endemoepidemic (EE) strains. Between 1999 and 2010, 133 isolates of Spo Acb complex were obtained from a single hospital. Species were identified by gyrB-PCR, and via gyrB- and rpoB-sequencing. Clonal analysis was undertaken using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing. Susceptibility to antimicrobial agents was determined by microdilution and E-tests. Carbapenemase genes were detected by PCR. One hundred and one PFGE types were detected. A. baumannii was the most common (67/101 PFGE types), followed by Acinetobacter pittii (22/101), Acinetobacter lactucae (6/101), and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (2/101). gyrB, rpoB1, and rpoB2 sequencing returned 49, 13, and 16 novel sequences, respectively. Sixty-three sequence types (STs) (38 new STs and 66 new alleles) were detected; the most common were ST2 (29/133 isolates) and ST132 (14/133). Twenty-six OXA-51 allelic variants were detected, nine of which were novel. The PFGE types were generally susceptible (88/101) to all the tested antimicrobials; 3/101 were carbapenem-resistant due to the presence of the genetic structure ISAba2-bla OXA-58-like-ISAba3, and 2/101 were multidrug-resistant. It can be concluded that the examined Spo Acb complex population was mainly composed of A. baumannii. Many different clones were detected (with ST2 clearly dominant), all largely susceptible to antimicrobials; multidrug resistance was rare. In contrast, a previously examined EE Acb population was composed of just four expanding, multidrug-resistant A. baumannii clones -ST2, ST3, ST15, and ST80-.
Project description:Acinetobacter baumannii is a pathogenic species of bacteria, identified as an aerobic gram-negative bacterium, that is resistant to most antibiotics. In this study, the MDR-TJ strain was isolated at the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, China, and was found to be resistant to penicillin, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, quinolones, and also imipenem. The genome sequence of Acinetobacter baumannii strain MDR-TJ was determined by using a combination of 454 pyrosequencing and paired-end sequencing performed with the Roche Genome Sequencer FLX system to generate a scaffolded assembly.
Project description:RNA sequencing was carried out at BGI, Hong Kong on an Illumina HiSeq platform to compare gene expression in Acinetobacter baumannii strain S1 and an adeAB deletion mutant in this strain.
Project description:RNA sequencing was carried out by ARK genomics, Edinburgh on an Illumina HiSeq platform to compare gene expression in Acinetobacter baumannii strain AYE and an adeRS deletion mutant in this strain.
Project description:RNA sequencing was carried out at the University of Birmingham on an Illumina MiSeq platform to compare gene expression in Acinetobacter baumannii strain AYE and an adeB deletion mutant in this strain.
Project description:An ampC gene was cloned from a clinical isolate of Acinetobacter baumannii (strain RAN). DNA sequencing and primer extension studies showed that ampC is transcribed from a promoter contained within a putative insertion sequence element which has been found to abut several different genes in Acinetobacter spp.
Project description:Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen in healthcare and community settings. While over 100 of Acinetobacter phages have been described in the literature, relatively few have been sequenced. This work describes the characterisation and genome annotation of a new lytic Acinetobacter siphovirus, vB_AbaS_Loki, isolated from activated sewage sludge. Sequencing revealed that Loki encapsulates a 41,308 bp genome, encoding 51 predicted open reading frames. Loki is most closely related to Acinetobacter phage IME_AB3 and more distantly related to Burkholderia phage KL1, Paracoccus phage vB_PmaS_IMEP1 and Pseudomonas phages vB_Pae_Kakheti25, vB_PaeS_SCH_Ab26 and PA73. Loki is characterised by a narrow host range, among the 40 Acinetobacter isolates tested, productive infection was only observed for the propagating host, A. baumannii ATCC 17978. Plaque formation was found to be dependent upon the presence of Ca2+ ions and adsorption to host cells was abolished upon incubation with a mutant of ATCC 17978 encoding a premature stop codon in lpxA. The complete genome sequence of vB_AbaS_Loki was deposited in the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) under the accession number LN890663.