Project description:We provide a broad overview of sequence diversity in An. gambiae mature microRNAs, including annotation of novel microRNAs identified in this study. Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing, in duplicate, using Illumina GAIIx.
Project description:Delta opioid receptors (DORs) are heavily involved in alcohol-mediated processes in the brain. In this chapter we provide an overview of studies investigating how alcohol directly impacts DOR pharmacology and of early studies indicating DOR modulation of alcohol behavior. We will offer a brief summary of the different animal species used in alcohol studies investigating DORs followed by a broader overview of the types of alcohol behaviors modulated by DORs. We will highlight a small set of studies investigating the relationship between alcohol and DORs in analgesia. We will then provide an anatomical overview linking DOR expression in specific brain regions to different alcohol behaviors. In this section, we will provide two models that try to explain how endogenous opioids acting at DORs may influence alcohol behaviors. Next, we will provide an overview of studies investigating certain new aspects of DOR pharmacology, including the formation of heteromers and biased signaling. Finally, we provide a short overview of the genetics of the DORs in relation to alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and a short statement on the potential of using DOR-based therapeutics for treatment of AUDs.
Project description:We present an overview of the full repertoire of intertwined associations in homooligomeric proteins. This overview summarizes recent findings on the different categories of intertwined associations in known protein structures, their assembly modes, the properties of their interfaces, and their structural plasticity. Furthermore, the current body of knowledge on the so-called three-dimensional domain-swapped systems is reexamined in the context of the wider landscape of intertwined homooligomers, with a particular focus on the mechanistic aspects that underpin intertwined self-association processes in proteins. Insights gained from this integrated overview into the physical and biological roles of intertwining are highlighted.
Project description:To obtain an overview of the Oviductus Ranae gene expression profile during hibernation, a cDNA sample was prepared from Oviductus Ranae and sequenced using the Illumina sequencing platform.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes cervical cancer. More than 80% of those diagnosed with cervical cancer live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The World Health Organization recommends vaccination as a public health measure against cervical cancer. Communication interventions are able to change how people think about vaccination and are thus instrumental in addressing vaccine hesitancy. Our aim was to provide a broad scoping overview of the available evidence on communication with adolescents, parents, and other stakeholders around HPV vaccination for adolescents, with a specific focus on LMICs. METHODS:We conducted a systematic scoping overview of systematic reviews addressing a range of questions regarding communication around HPV vaccination. We considered reviews published between 2007 and 2018 focusing on communication around HPV vaccination and that searched for qualitative or quantitative studies for inclusion. We searched the Epistemonikos database which includes reviews from multiple electronic databases. Two overview authors screened titles and abstracts and examined potentially eligible reviews in full text. Data extraction was performed by one overview author and verified by a second. We assessed the reliability of the included reviews using an adapted version of AMSTAR 2. RESULTS:We included twelve reviews in our overview. Four reviews assessed the effectiveness of communication interventions. These interventions intended to inform or educate about HPV and HPV vaccination, such as videos and fact sheets, or to remind or recall, such as text message reminders. Eight reviews assessed factors associated with HPV vaccination uptake, including communication-related factors such as whether the vaccine was recommended by a physician and people's knowledge regarding the vaccine. Nine reviews searched for studies from LMICs, but most found only a small number of studies from these countries. CONCLUSIONS:The small number of studies identified from LMICs is of concern as these countries face the largest burden of disease related to HPV. This scoping overview also found and excluded a number of reviews because of important methodological limitations, highlighting the need for future reviews to use appropriate methods. The overview indicates areas in which further primary studies are needed on HPV vaccination communication in LMICs. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION:Open Science Framework https://osf.io/agzb4/.
Project description:To obtain an overview of the antler tip gene expression profile during rapid growth period, a cDNA sample was prepared from antler tip and sequenced using the Illumina sequencing platform.
Project description:To obtain an overview of the antler tip gene expression profile during the ossification stage, a cDNA sample was prepared from antler tip and sequenced using the Illumina sequencing platform.
Project description:To obtain an overview of the Oviductus Ranae gene expression profile during initial growing period, a cDNA sample was prepared from Oviductus Ranae and sequenced using the Illumina sequencing platform
Project description:The prevalence of childhood obesity in the UK and in many countries worldwide remains high. Behavioural interventions to modify lifestyle, such as diet and physical activity, usually form part of weight management strategies for obese children. Whether or not surgical interventions are effective and safe in treating childhood obesity is unclear.We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of surgical interventions for the treatment of childhood obesity? We searched Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to August 2014 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview).At this update, after deduplication and removal of conference abstracts, 67 records were screened for inclusion in the overview. Appraisal of titles and abstracts led to the exclusion of 19 studies and the further review of 48 full publications. Of the 48 full articles evaluated, two systematic reviews were included at this update.In this systematic overview, we categorised the efficacy for two comparisons based on information about the effectiveness and safety of bariatric surgery versus no intervention and different types of bariatric surgery versus each other.