Clostridium diolis strain DSM 15410 is considered one of the best natural producers of 1,3-propanediol because of its appreciable substrate-tolerant ability, yield, and productivity. Here, we present a 5.85-Mb assembly of its genome sequence. We have annotated the coding sequences responsible for glycerol utilization and 1,3-propanediol fermentation. ...[more]
Project description:This experiment aim was to characterize the catabolism of L-rhamnose of Clostridium beijerinckii DSM 6423 by transcriptomic analysis, generating new insights and knowledge on utilization of L-rhamnose for production of chemicals, including Isopropanol, Butanol, Ethanol (IBE) and 1,2-propandiol. These analysis on cultures grown on L-rhamnose compared to D-glucose grown cultures showed upregulation of the L-rhamnose-related clusters and genes, and lower expression of the solventogenic genes, which was reflected in the products formed.
Project description:Ruminiclostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) expression was studied along with ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech mutants strains deposited under GSE54082. All strains have been described in a study entitled Elimination of hydrogenase post-translational modification blocks H2 production and increases ethanol yield in Clostridium thermocellum. Biswas, et .al. Biotechnology for Biofuels 2015 8:20 Ruminiclostridium (Clostridium) thermocellum is a leading candidate organism for implementing a consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) strategy for biofuel production due to its native ability to rapidly consume cellulose and its existing ethanol production pathway. C. thermocellum converts cellulose and cellobiose to lactate, formate, acetate, H2, ethanol, amino acids, and other products. Elimination of the pathways leading to products such as H2 could redirect carbon flux towards ethanol production. Rather than delete each hydrogenase individually, we targeted a hydrogenase maturase gene (hydG), which is involved in converting the three [FeFe] hydrogenase apoenzymes into holoenzymes by assembling the active site. This functionally inactivated all three Fe-Fe hydrogenases simultaneously, as they were unable to make active enzymes. In the ∆hydG mutant, the [NiFe] hydrogenase-encoding ech was also deleted to obtain a mutant that functionally lacks all hydrogenase. The ethanol yield increased nearly 2-fold in ∆hydG∆ech compared to wild type, and H2 production was below the detection limit. Interestingly, ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech exhibited improved growth in the presence of acetate in the medium. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveal that genes related to sulfate transport and metabolism were up-regulated in the presence of added acetate in ∆hydG, resulting in altered sulfur metabolism. Further genomic analysis of this strain revealed a mutation in the bi-functional alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenase adhE gene, resulting in a strain with both NADH- and NADPH-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase activities, whereas the wild type strain can only utilize NADH. This is the exact same adhE mutation found in ethanol-tolerant C. thermocellum strain E50C, but ∆hydG∆ech is not more ethanol tolerant than the wild type. Targeting protein post-translational modification is a promising new approach to target multiple enzymes simultaneously for metabolic engineering. This GEO study pertains to expression profiles generated for C. thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) Overall design: A six array study using total RNA recovered from Clostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 adhE*(EA) 27405 cultures. Cells were harvested at an OD 0.4-0.5 from cultures grown in the presence of additional 5mM acetate and compared to untreated controls. Three biological replicates were performed for treated and untreated cultures.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Lactococcus lactis KCTC 3769T,L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T . This proves that transcriptional profiling can facilitate in elucidating the genetic distance between closely related strains. A one chip study using total RNA recovered from of L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T . For the the transcriptome of of L. raffinolactis DSM 20443T, L. plantarum DSM 20686T, L. fujiensis JSM 16395T, L. garvieae KCTC 3772T, L. piscium DSM 6634T and L. chungangensis CAU 28T was analyzed using the Lactococcus lactis KCTC 3769T microarray platform
Project description:Differential RNA-Seq analyses to investigate the basis for metabolic inhibition of Clostridium thermocellum M1570 by xylose. The M1570 strain was developed in the C. thermocellum DSM 1313 Δhpt background strain. Lactate dehydrogenase (Ldh) and phosphotransacetylase (Pta) genes are deleted (Argyros DA, Tripathi SA, Barrett TF, Rogers SR, Feinberg LF, Olson DG, Foden JM, Miller BB, Lynd LR, Hogsett DA, Caiazza NC: High ethanol titers from cellulose by using metabolically engineered thermophilic, anaerobic microbes. Appl Environ Microbiol 2010, 77:8288-8294 ) Overall design: Differential RNA-Seq analyses was used to investigate the basis for metabolic inhibition of Clostridium thermocellum M1570 by xylose. Cultures were grown in serum bottles containing 40 mL of MTC medium with or without 15 g/L xylose and were harvested at mid-exponential phase. Quadruplicate cultures were used for each experimental condition tested.