Beutenbergia cavernae (Groth et al. 1999) is the type species of the genus and is of phylogenetic interest because of its isolated location in the actinobacterial suborder Micrococcineae. B. cavernae HKI 0122(T) is a Gram-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterium isolated from a cave in Guangxi (China). B. cavernae grows best under aerobic conditions and shows a rod-coccus growth cycle. Its cell wall peptidoglycan contains the diagnostic L-lysine ← L-glutamate interpeptide bridge. Here w ...[more]
Project description:Coding and non-coding mutations in DNA contribute significantly to phenotypic variability during evolution. However, less is known about the role of epigenetics in this process. Although previous studies have identified eye development genes associated with the loss of eyes phenotype in the Pachón blind cave morph of the Mexican tetra Astyanax mexicanus1-6, no inactivating mutations have been found in any of these genes2,3,7-10. Here we show that excess DNA methylation-based epigenetic silencing promotes eye degeneration in blind cave Astyanax mexicanus. By performing parallel analyses in Astyanax mexicanus cave and surface morphs and in the zebrafish Danio rerio, we have discovered that DNA methylation mediates eye-specific gene repression and globally regulates early eye development. The most significantly hypermethylated and down-regulated genes in the cave morph are also linked to human eye disorders, suggesting the function of these genes is conserved across the vertebrates. Our results show that changes in DNA methylation-based gene repression can serve as an important molecular mechanism generating phenotypic diversity during development and evolution. Overall design: RNA-seq and WGBS on isolated cave and surface morphs of Astyanax mexicanus
Project description:we report a transcriptome-wide comparative investigation between surface and cave species in Sinocyclocheilus. De novo transcriptome assemblies were performed on surface and cave species; then the Sinocyclocheilus contigs were annotated with Gene Ontology. RNA-Seq assays revealed reduced transcription of a series of visual phototransduction and retinal disease related genes in cave-dwelling species compared with surface species. Degeneration of the retina in Sinocyclocheilus cavefish might occur in a lens-independent way by the down-regulation of several transcriptional factors, which have direct roles in retina development and maintenance, such as crx, rorb and Wnt pathway members. Examination of 2 different eye samples in 2 Sinocyclocheilus species.