Viral integrations are important in human biology, yet genome-wide integration profiles have not been determined for many viruses. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) infects most of the human population and is a prevalent gene therapy vector. AAV integrates into the human genome with preference for a single locus, termed AAVS1. However, the genome-wide integration of AAV has not been defined, and the principles underlying this recombination remain unclear. Using a novel high-throughput approach, integ ...[more]
Project description:The association of host histones with parvoviral DNA is poorly understood. We analyzed the chromatinization and histone acetylation of canine parvovirus DNA during infection by confocal imaging and in situ proximity ligation assay combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing. We found that at late infection parvovirus replication bodies were rich in histones bearing modifications characteristic of transcriptionally active chromatin, i.e. histone H3 lysine acetylation (H3K27ac). The H3K27ac, in particular, was located in close proximity to the viral DNA-binding protein NS1. Importantly, our results show for the first time that in the chromatinized parvoviral genome, particularly the two viral promoters were rich in H3K27ac. Histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitorefficiently interfered with expression of viral proteins and infection progress. Altogether, our data suggest that acetylation of histones on parvoviral DNA is essential for viral gene expression and completion of viral life cycle. Examination of H3K27 acetylation in CPV infected and non-infected NLFK (Norden laboratory feline kidney) cells. Please note that the result in this study, considering the sequencing, is the fact that the viral genome is chromatinized. Processed data in this case would be the aligned read percentages in control cells (of which 0% aligns to parvoviral genome) and infected cells (of which ~9% only aligns to parvoviral genome and not to the cat genome), which is basically the output of the read aligner software without further processing steps (no peaks or regions were identified for the associated publication). Therefore no processed data was provided, and an exception to GEO processed data requirement was made.
Project description:Febrile patients PCR positive for H1N1 swine flu, seasonal H1N1 and seasonal H3N2 in nasal swabs and controls consisting of febrile patients with rhinovirus infection or febrile patients of non-viral etiology (nasal swabs PCR negative for common respiratory viruses and blood PCR negative for dengue and parvovirus B19) were assessed consecutively for global transcriptional changes in whole blood Peripheral whole blood collected in PAX-gene tubes and extracted for total RNA
Project description:Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection can cause transient aplastic crisis, persistent viremia, and pure red-cell aplasia. In fetuses, B19V infection can result in non-immune hydrops fetalis and fetal death. To systematically investigate the interaction between B19V and erythoid progenetor cells (EPC), microarray was applied to systematically analyze the dynamic transcriptome of CD36+ EPCs during B19V infection. Overall design: The mock- and B19V-infected CD36+ EPCs were collected at 6, 12, 24, and 48 hpi. RNA samples were extracted using the miRNeasy Mini Kit by following the manufacturer’s instruction. At each time points, 3 repeat samples were prepared. All RNA samples were analyzed on an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer with an Agilent RNA 6000 Nano Kit to ensure an RNA Intergrity Number (RIN) ≥ 8.0. Microarray hybridization was performed on the GeneChip Human Genome U133A 2.0 Array using the Affymetrix GeneChip system (Affymetrix, CA).
Project description:The parental DG75 cell line is EBV negative and cannot express the viral BZLF1 protein, thus, this set of experiments served as a negative control. After ChIP, peaks were identified in both the human and viral (EBV (Human Herpesvirus 4) genome KF717093.1) genome. Only few peaks were identified. Experiments were performed as duplicates.