Project description:A mangrove soil metagenomic library was constructed and a ?-agarase gene designated as AgaML was isolated by functional screening. The gene encoded for a 659-amino-acids polypeptide with an estimated molecular mass of 71.6 kDa. The deduced polypeptide sequences of AgaML showed the highest identity of 73% with the glycoside hydrolase family 16 ?-agarase from Microbulbifer agarilyticus in the GenBank database. AgaML was cloned and highly expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The purified recombinant protein, AgaML, showed optimal activity at 50 °C and pH 7.0. The kinetic parameters of Km and Vmax values toward agarose were 4.6 mg·mL(-1) and 967.5 ?M·min(-1)·mg(-1), respectively. AgaML hydrolyzed the ?-1,4-glycosidic linkages of agar to generate neoagarotetraose (NA4) and neoagarohexaose (NA6) as the main products. These characteristics suggest that AgaML has potential application in cosmetic, pharmaceuticals and food industries.
Project description:Microbulbifer sp. CCB-MM1 is a halophile isolated from estuarine sediment of Matang Mangrove Forest, Malaysia. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain CCB-MM1 is a potentially new species of genus Microbulbifer. Here we describe its features and present its complete genome sequence with annotation. The genome sequence is 3.86 Mb in size with GC content of 58.85%, harbouring 3313 protein coding genes and 92 RNA genes. A total of 71 genes associated with carbohydrate active enzymes were found using dbCAN. Ectoine biosynthetic genes, ectABC operon and ask_ect were detected using antiSMASH 3.0. Cell shape determination genes, mreBCD operon, rodA and rodZ were annotated, congruent with the rod-coccus cell cycle of the strain CCB-MM1. In addition, putative mreBCD operon regulatory gene, bolA was detected, which might be associated with the regulation of rod-coccus cell cycle observed from the strain.
Project description:Microbulbifer sp. strain GL-2 was isolated from the intestine of a teleost, Girella melanichthys. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of this strain, which produces cellulase(s). Twelve cellulase candidate genes were found on the chromosome.
Project description:A novel endo-type ?-agarase was cloned from an agar-degrading bacterium, Microbulbifer sp. Q7 (CGMCC No. 14061), that was isolated from sea cucumber gut. The agarase-encoding gene, ID2563, consisted of 1800 bp that encoded a 599-residue protein with a signal peptide of 19 amino acids. Sequence analysis suggested that the agarase belongs to the GH16 family. The agarase was expressed in Escherichia coli with a total activity of 4.99 U/mL in fermentation medium. The extracellular enzyme activity accounted for 65.73% of the total activity, which indicated that the agarase can be extracellularly secreted using the wild-type signal peptide from Microbulbifer sp. Q7. The agarase exhibited maximal activity at approximately 40 °C and pH 6.0. It was stable between pH 6.0 and pH 9.0, which was a much wider range than most of the reported agarases. The agarase was sensitive to some metal ions (Cu2+, Zn2+ and Fe3+), but was resistant to urea and SDS. The agarase hydrolyzed ?-1,4-glycosidic linkages of agarose, primarily yielding neoagarotetraose and neoagarohexaose as the final products. These indicate that this recombinant agarase can be an effective tool for the preparing functional neoagaro-oligosaccharides.