Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20131216 1
Basement membrane, a specialized ECM that underlies polarized epithelium of eumetazoans, provides signaling cues that regulate cell behavior and function in tissue genesis and homeostasis. A collagen IV scaffold, a major component, is essential for tissues and dysfunctional in several diseases. Studies of bovine and Drosophila tissues reveal that the scaffold is stabilized by sulfilimine chemical bonds (S = N) that covalently cross-link methionine and hydroxylysine residues at the interface of a ...[more]
Project description:MicroRNAs of bilaterian animals undergo posttranscriptional modifications such as methylation, tailing and trimming that regulate miRNA stability and function. To gain insight on the evolution of miRNA posttranscriptional modification, we studied regulation of miRNA stability by methylation in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis, a representative of Cnidaria, the sister group of Bilateria. Overall design: Employ height throughput sequence of endogenous small RNAs
Project description:While FGF mediated MEK/ERK signaling is required for apical tuft formation and metamorphosis in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis (Rentzsch et al, 2008), nothing is known about the role of MEK/ERK signaling in inducing germ layers and cell types during early developmental stages. We therefore performed a genome wide expression array on UO126 (MEK inhibitor) treated blastula stages compared to DMSO treated control embryos and identified genes potentially involved in neurogenesis, germ layer specification and axial patterning.We performed transcriptional profiling of Nematostella vectensis blastula stages (24 hours post fertilisation @ 17C) using a custom made whole genome array (4x72K - A-MEXP-2380). DMSO treated wild-type embryos were compared to U0126 (MEK Inhibitor) treated embryos at the blastula stage.