Project description:Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular basis of tumorigenesis and regional lymph node metastasis in LSCC, and provide a set of genes that may be useful for the development of novel diagnostic markers and/or more effective therapeutic strategies. Methods: A total number of 10 patients who underwent surgery for primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were recruited for microarray analysis. LSCC tissues compared with corresponding adjacent non-neoplastic tissues were analysed by Illumina mRNA microarrays,and LSCC tissues with regional lymph node metastasis and LSCC tissues without regional lymph node metastasis were analyzed in the same manner.The most frequently differently expressed genes screened by microarrays were also validated by qRT-PCR in another 42 patients diagnosed for LSCC . Results: Analysed by Illumina mRNA microarrays,there were 361 genes significantly related to tumorigenesis while 246 genes significantly related to regional lymph node metastasis in LSCC. We found that the six genes (CDK1,CDK2,CDK4,MCM2,MCM3,MCM4) were most frequently differently expressed functional genes related to tumorigenesis while eIF3a and RPN2 were most frequently differently expressed functional genes related to regional lymph node metastasis in LSCC. The expressions of these genes were also validated by qRT-PCR. Conclusions: The research revealed a gene expression signature of tumorigenesis and regional lymph node metastasis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.Of the total, the deregulation of several genes (CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, MCM2, MCM3, MCM4, EIF3a and RPN2) were potentially associated with disease development and progression. The result will contribute to the understanding of the molecular basis of LSCC and help to improve diagnosis and treatment. A total number of 10 patients who underwent surgery for primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were recruited for microarray analysis. LSCC tissues compared with corresponding adjacent non-neoplastic tissues were analysed by Illumina mRNA microarrays,and LSCC tissues with regional lymph node metastasis and LSCC tissues without regional lymph node metastasis were analyzed in the same manner.The most frequently differently expressed genes screened by microarrays were also validated by qRT-PCR in another 42 patients diagnosed for LSCC .
Project description:Tumor-adjacent noncancerous tissues often exhibited abnormalities on molecular levels, which is described as field effect of cancerization. Accumulated evidence demonstrated that filed effect may also play important role in cancer progression. In the present study, we found that the gene expression profile in noncancerous lung tissues adjacent to lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was significantly associated with regional lymph node status of patients. Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM) showed that 121 genes were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (delta=0.75, FDR=0.069). Interestingly, all of the significant genes were up-regulated in the lymph node positive samples. For these genes, the most significant biological GO terms were extracellular structure organization, cell adhesion, regulation of cell motion/migration, and vessel development, etc, which were also involved in EMT process supported by another experiment in vitro. Tumor-adjacent histologically normal lung tissues were collected from 60 primary lung SCC patients, of whom 34 (56.7%) suffered regional lymph node metastasis. Gene expression profiling analysis of these samples was performed using Agilent 4x44K human whole genome gene expression microarray (G4112F).
Project description:Metastasis via the lymphatics is a major risk factor in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity (OSCC). We sought to determine whether the presence of metastasis in the regional lymph node could be predicted by a gene expression signature of the primary tumor. A total of 18 OSCCs were characterized for gene expression by hybridizing RNA to Affymetrix U133A gene chips. Genes with differential expression were identified using a permutation technique and verified by quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. A predictive rule was built using a support vector machine, and the accuracy of the rule was evaluated using crossvalidation on the original data set and prediction of an independent set of four patients. Metastatic primary tumors could be differentiated from nonmetastatic primary tumors by a signature gene set of 116 genes. This signature gene set correctly predicted the four independent patients as well as associating five lymph node metastases from the original patient set with the metastatic primary tumor group. We concluded that lymph node metastasis could be predicted by gene expression profiles of primary oral cavity squamous cell carcinomas. The presence of a gene expression signature for lymph node metastasis indicates that clinical testing to assess risk for lymph node metastasis should be possible.
Project description:Background: Cervical lymph node metastasis is a potent prognostic factor in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, lymph nodes resected by sentinel node biopsy or neck dissection are usually diagnosed by examining only one or two sections of the maximal cut surface. Accurate diagnosis of the metastasis in lymph nodes is important but depends on a heavy workload of the pathologist. In this study, we have attempted to identify novel molecular markers to find the harboring cancer cells in the lymph node and establish rapid detection method. Methods: We determined the gene expression profiles of 7 metastatic lymph nodes from patients with OSCC and 1 normal lymph node and 5 salivary glands from non-cancerous patients by microarray analysis. We found the overexpression genes in all metastatic lymph nodes. Subsequently, we examined the expression of these genes in newly 23 metastatic lymph nodes and 9 normal lymph nodes by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) assay. Moreover, the rapid detection of lymph node metastasis by these genes was examined using the reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method. Result: Among the 4 genes identified by microarray analysis, annexin A8 (ANXA8) and desmoglein 3 (DSG3) were detected in all metastatic lymph nodes at a much higher level but not in normal lymph nodes at all by qRT-PCR. Furthermore, RT-LAMP method targeting ANXA8 rapidly detected almost lymph nodes with metastasis. Conclusions: ANXA8 could be a useful marker for detecting lymph node metastasis in OSCC. Using AB1700 system, we determined the gene expression profiles of lymph nodes with metastasis of OSCC. Normal lymph node and salivary gland tissues were used as control samples.
Project description:Lymph node metastasis is a poor prognosis indicator in esophageal cancer. Although tumor spreading currently forms the main basis for therapy selection, the molecular mechanisms underlying the metastatic pathway remain insufficiently understood. Several studies aimed to investigate these mechanisms but focused mainly on regulatory patterns in the tumors themselves and/or the invaded lymph nodes. To date no study has yet investigated the potential changes on transcription level, which take place within the yet non-invaded niche. Here we provide a comprehensive description of these regulations in patients. In this study the transcriptomic profiles of regional lymph nodes were determined for two patient groups: patients classified as pN1 (metastasis) or pN0 (no metastasis) respectively. All investigated lymph nodes, also those from pN1 patients, were still free of metastasis. The gene expression data was obtained via microarray analysis. Top candidates were validated via PCR and immunohistochemistry. The results show that regional lymph nodes of pN1 patients differ decisively from those of pN0 patients – even before metastasis has taken place. In the pN0 group distinct immune response patterns were observed. In contrast, lymph nodes of the pN1 group exhibited a clear profile of reduced immune response and reduced proliferation, but increased apoptosis, enhanced hypoplasia and morphological conversion processes. DKK1 was the most significant gene associated with the molecular mechanisms taking place in lymph nodes of patients suffering from metastasis (pN1). We assume that the two molecular profiles observed constitute two different stages of a progressive disease. Finally we suggest that DKK1 might play an important role within the mechanisms leading to lymph node metastasis. First, samples were classified according to the principal status of the patients exhibiting (pN1 group) or non-exhibiting (pN0 group) metastasis in regional lymph nodes. The comparison of pN1 and pN0 patients should highlight the general differences in regulations that might lead to or prevent from metastasis. Second, two lymph node samples were collected from each patient, one node located close to the tumor (regional) and the second node distant to the tumor. While the distant nodes served as reference sample the regional nodes were investigated for transcriptional regulations. Key to the work presented here is that all nodes investigated were made sure to be still metastasis free, independent of the patients’ pN1/pN0 classification and of the location relative to the tumor. This should allow the identification of early changes occurring prior to metastasis homing.
Project description:Using Affymetrix Mapping 250K array, we studied copy number aberrations in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) to identified biomarkers associated with occult lymph node metastasis. We used frozen specimens from 60 OSCC patients. Overall design: Copy number analysis was performed using homogenized samples of 60 oral squamous cell carcinoma patients by GeneChip Human Mapping 250k Sty arrays. As a reference, SNP array data set of 50 normal Asians (Japanese & Chinese) from HapMap database was used.
Project description:Using Affymetrix Mapping 250K array, we studied copy number aberrations in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) to identified biomarkers associated with occult lymph node metastasis. We used frozen specimens from 60 OSCC patients. Copy number analysis was performed using homogenized samples of 60 oral squamous cell carcinoma patients by GeneChip Human Mapping 250k Sty arrays. As a reference, SNP array data set of 50 normal Asians (Japanese & Chinese) from HapMap database was used.
Project description:Lymph node involvement is a major prognostic variable in breast cancer. Whether the molecular mechanisms that drive breast cancer cells to colonize lymph nodes are shared with their capacity to form distant metastases is yet to be established. In a transcriptomic survey aimed at identifying molecular factors associated with lymph node involvement of ductal breast cancer, we found that luminal differentiation, assessed by the expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR) and GATA3, was only infrequently lost in node-positive primary tumors and in matched lymph node metastases. The transcription factor GATA3 critically determines luminal lineage specification of mammary epithelium and is widely considered a tumor and metastasis suppressor in breast cancer. Strong expression of GATA3 and ER in a majority of primary node-positive ductal breast cancer was corroborated by quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry in the initial sample set, and by immunohistochemistry in an additional set from 167 patients diagnosed of node-negative and positive primary infiltrating ductal breast cancer, including 102 samples from loco-regional lymph node metastases matched to their primary tumors, as well as 37 distant metastases. These observations suggest that loss of luminal differentiation is not a major factor driving the ability of breast cancer cells to colonize regional lymph nodes. The transcriptomic study comprises 16 samples from Lymph node metastasis from infiltrating ductal breast carcinoma, 18 samples from Primary node-positive infiltrating ductal,7 samples from Primary node-negative infiltrating ductal and 3 samples from Unaffected lymph node were included. Their RNA was isolated and prepared for hybridization to human Affymetrix GeneChip arrays.
Project description:We used microarrays to detail the clinical features in patients with lung cancer and identified genes differentially expressed between non-tumorous tissue and cancer tissue of lung. Keywords: disease state analysis Overall design: A total of 100 surgical specimens of lung cancer tissues (63 adenocarcinomas, 22 squamous cell carcinomas, 10 large cell carcinomas, 3 small cell carcinomas, and 2 others) and corresponding non-tumor lung tissues were obtained from 37 female and 63 male patients who had consecutively undergone potentially curative resection at Chiba University Hospital. RNA was isolated from these specimens and gene expression profiles were analyzed using the AceGene Human Oligo Chip 30K Subset A. For gene expression analysis of primary resected lung adenocarcinoma, we applied the expression data of 52 cases consisting of 32 adenocarcinoma and 20 non-adenocarcinoma cases. For gene expression analysis of primary resected lung squamous cell carcinoma, we applied the expression data of 52 cases consisting of 12 squamous cell carcinoma and 40 non-squamous cell carcinoma cases. For gene expression analysis of lymph node metastasis, we applied the expression data of 27 lung adenocarcinoma cases consisting of 12 lymph node-positive and 15 lymph node-negative cases. For gene expression analysis of postoperative tumor recurrence, we applied the expression data of 40 lung adenocarcinoma cases consisting of 17 postoperative tumor recurrence, and 23 postoperative non-tumor recurrence cases.