Project description:Here, we describe the complete genome assembly of a Bacillus mycoides isolate collected from a boreal forest soil associated with permafrost thaw. Using only long-read Nanopore sequences and VolTRAX library preparation, we assembled two circular contigs totaling 5,789,722?bp (N 50, 5,306,036), a complete chromosome with one plasmid.
Project description:Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony biotype (SC) is the high-consequence animal pathogen causing contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. We report the complete genome sequences of the pathogenic strain M. mycoides subsp. mycoides SC Gladysdale and a close phylogenetic relative, Mycoplasma leachii PG50(T), another bovine pathogen of the M. mycoides phylogenetic clade.
Project description:The Bacillus cereus group includes Bacillus anthracis, B. cereus, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus mycoides and Bacillus weihenstephanensis. The small acid soluble spore protein (SASP) beta has been previously demonstrated to be among the biomarkers differentiating B. anthracis and B. cereus; SASP beta of B. cereus most commonly exhibits one or two amino acid substitutions when compared to B. anthracis. SASP alpha is conserved in sequence among these two species. Neither SASP alpha nor beta for B. thuringiensis, B. mycoides and B. weihenstephanensis have been previously characterized as taxonomic discriminators. In the current work molecular weight (MW) variation of these SASPs were determined by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for representative strains of the 5 species within the B. cereus group. The measured MWs also correlate with calculated MWs of translated amino acid sequences generated from whole genome sequencing projects. SASP alpha and beta demonstrated consistent MW among B. cereus, B. thuringiensis, and B. mycoides strains (group 1). However B. mycoides (group 2) and B. weihenstephanensis SASP alpha and beta were quite distinct making them unique among the B. cereus group. Limited sequence changes were observed in SASP alpha (at most 3 substitutions and 2 deletions) indicating it is a more conserved protein than SASP beta (up to 6 substitutions and a deletion). Another even more conserved SASP, SASP alpha-beta type, was described here for the first time.
Project description:Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is generally considered one of most pathogenic Mycoplasma species, and it is the etiological agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP). Here, we present the annotated genome sequence of M. mycoides subsp. mycoides Italian strain 57/13, isolated in 1992 during CBPP outbreaks in Italy.
Project description:Bacillus sp. strain QHF158, a Gram-positive, spore-forming and parasporal crystal-secreting bacterium, was isolated from soil of Limushan National Forest Park in China. Here we present the significant feature of parasporal inclusions of this organism, together with the draft genome sequence and annotation. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that strain QHF158 is possibly a novel species, most closely related to Bacillus mycoides. Genome annotation results revealed that strain QHF158 did not contain any typical Cry or Cyt toxin coding gene. Furthermore, the mass spectrometry analyses demonstrated that the parasporal crystalline inclusions were encoded by the orf_05273 gene, with 95% similarity to the S-layer protein (SLP) EA1 of B. mycoides, which indicated that the parasporal crystal from Bacillus sp. strain QHF158 was mainly formed by SLP, instead of the typical Cry or Cyt toxin proteins.
Project description:Bacillus mycoides B38V is a bacterium isolated from the sunflower rhizosphere that is able to promote plant growth and N uptake. The genome of the isolate has approximately 5.80 Mb and presents sequence codifiers for plant growth-promoting characteristics, such as nitrate reduction and ammonification and iron-siderophore uptake.
Project description:The genes encoding the 62-kDa lipoproteins from the Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides large-colony type (LC) strain Y-goat and the M. mycoides subsp. capri strain PG3 were cloned and analyzed by sequencing. These two lipoproteins have been named LppA[MmymyLC] and LppA[Mmyca], and their corresponding genes have been named lppA[MmymyLC] and lppA[Mmyca], respectively. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of these two lipoproteins showed a very high degree of similarity between these two mycoplasmas. Given the sequence data, LppA seems to fulfill the same structural functions as the previously described major lipoproteins P72 of M. mycoides subsp. mycoides small-colony type and P67 of the Mycoplasma species bovine group 7. Based on lppA gene sequences of M. mycoides subsp. mycoides LC and M. mycoides subsp. capri type strains, a specific PCR assay was developed so that it amplified this gene in all field strains of the two species analyzed in this study but not in the other members of the M. mycoides cluster. Analysis of the PCR-amplified lppA genes with frequently cutting restriction enzymes showed a certain degree of genetic variability which, however, did not cluster the two subspecies. This PCR therefore allows a rapid identification of M. mycoides subsp. mycoides LC and M. mycoides subsp. capri but does not distinguish between these two closely related subspecies. LppA was expressed in Escherichia coli K-12 and used for the production of polyclonal mouse antiserum. Antibodies against recombinant LppA[MmymyLC] reacted with a 62-kDa protein in all M. mycoides subsp. mycoides LC and M. mycoides subsp. capri type strains and field strains tested but not with the other members of the M. mycoides cluster, thus showing the antigenic specificity of LppA and further supporting the concept that a close relationship exists between these two mycoplasmas.
Project description:We report the draft genome sequences of Bacillus glennii V44-8, Bacillus saganii V47-23a, and Bacillus sp. strain V59.32b, isolated from the Viking spacecraft assembly cleanroom, and Bacillus sp. strain MER_TA_151 and Paenibacillus sp. strain MER_111, isolated from the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) assembly cleanroom.