Project description:DNA/DNA microarray hybridization was used to compare the genome content of Streptomyces avermitilis, Streptomyces cattleya, Streptomyces maritimus and Kitasatospora aureofaciens with that of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). The array data showed an about 93% agreement with the genome sequence data available for S. avermitilis and also showed a number of trends in the genome structure for Streptomyces and closely related Kitasatospora. A core central region was well conserved, which might be predicted from previous research and this was linked to a low degree of gene conservation in the terminal regions of the linear chromosome across all four species. Between these regions there are two areas of intermediate gene conservation by microarray analysis where gene synteny is still detectable in S. avermitilis. Nonetheless, a range of conserved genes could be identified within the terminal regions. Variation in the genes involved in differentiation, transcription, DNA replication, etc. provides interesting insights into which genes in these categories are generally conserved and which are not. The results also provide target priorities for possible gene knockouts in a group of bacteria with a very large numbers of genes with unknown functions compared to most bacterial species.
Project description:Streptomyces lavendulae subsp. lavendulae CCM 3239 produces the angucycline antibiotic auricin and was thought to be the type strain of Streptomyces aureofaciens We report the complete genome sequence of this strain, which consists of a linear chromosome and the linear plasmid pSA3239, and demonstrate it to be S. lavendulae subsp. lavendulae.
Project description:The Streptomyces genus represents a prolific and significant source for secondary metabolite discovery. Here, we report a de novo assembly and draft genome sequence for the type strain Streptomyces armeniacus ATCC 15676.
Project description:The 53-kb biosynthetic gene cluster for the novel anticholesterol natural product herboxidiene was identified in Streptomyces chromofuscus ATCC 49982 by genome sequencing and gene inactivation. In addition to herboxidiene, a biosynthetic intermediate, 18-deoxy-herboxidiene, was also isolated from the fermentation broth of S. chromofuscus ATCC 49982 as a minor metabolite.
Project description:Anhydrotetracycline oxygenase was purified to homogeneity from Streptomyces aureofaciens, a producer of tetracycline. The enzyme was purified 60-fold in a 40% yield by a two-step procedure using a combination of hydrophobic chromatography and ion-exchange h.p.l.c. Purified anhydrotetracycline oxygenase was homogeneous according to SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, isoelectric focusing, ion-exchange h.p.l.c. on a Mono Q HR 5/5 column and size-exclusion h.p.l.c. on a TSK G 3000 SW column. The enzyme consists of two subunits of Mr 57,500, as determined by SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis.
Project description:We announce the sequencing of Streptomyces chartreusis NRRL 12338 and NRRL 3882 and Streptomyces lysosuperificus ATCC 31396. These are producers of tunicamycins, chartreusins, cephalosporins, holomycins, and calcimycin. The announced genomes, together with the published Streptomyces clavuligerus genome, will facilitate data mining of these secondary metabolites.
Project description:In previous experiments, Streptomyces aureofaciens has been shown to contain four genes hrdA, hrdB, hrdD, and hrdE, encoding polypeptides very similar to principal sigma factors of RNA polymerase. Two apparent tandem promoters were identified for each of the hrdA, hrdB and hrdD genes by S1 nuclease mapping using RNA prepared of S. aureofaciens in various developmental stages. Under all the conditions studied, tandem promoters of each gene differed significantly in their respective strengths. Transcription from the hrd promoters depended on developmental stage. While hrdB is transcribed from both promoters in all developmental stages, both tandem promoters of the hrdD gene are active only in vegetative stage and transcription of the hrdA tandem promoters temporally correlates with the aerial mycelium formation. In addition to a promoter, hrdB-P2, which lies upstream of the open reading frame, the hrdB gene, proposed to encode functional principal factor, appeared to contain at least one internal promoter, hrdB-P1. Activity of all promoters was consistent with S1 mapping experiments after insertion of promoter-bearing DNA fragments to promoter-probe vectors pIJ486 and pARC1. The results implicate temporally different expression of the hrd genes during the differentiation of S. aureofaciens.
Project description:Agrobacterium sp. ATCC 31749 is an industrial strain for the commercial production of curdlan, an important exopolysaccharide with food and medical applications. Here we report the genome sequence of the curdlan-producing strain ATCC 31749. Genome sequencing is the first step toward the understanding of regulation of curdlan biosynthesis.
Project description:We report the 4.049-Mbp high-quality draft assembly of the Pseudoalteromonas luteoviolacea strain B (ATCC 29581) genome. This marine species is known to biosynthesize several antimicrobial compounds, including the purple pigment violacein. Whole-genome sequencing and genome mining will complement experimental studies aimed at elucidating novel biosynthetic pathways capable of producing pharmaceutically relevant molecules. Based upon 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis, we propose that strain ATCC 29581 be classified as a distinct phylogenetic species of the genus Pseudoalteromonas.