Project description:Global gene expression analysis of grapevine cv. Pinot Noir berries during development and ripening. Time-course comparison of samples collected at three developmental stages (stages 33, 34 and 36 according to the modified E-L system, ref: Coombe BG, Aust J Grape Wine Res 1995, 1: 104-110) during three seasons (2003, 2005 and 2006).
Project description:Berry skin total protein from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Semillon. Treatments were control (well-watered) versus restricted irrigation (water-deficit). Samples were taken from harvest-ripe whole berry clusters following a seasonal water deficit in treatment vines. A comparative analysis between the cultivars and treatments was performed. Associated dataset identifiers: GSE72421, PRJNA268857.
Project description:Salt tolerance in grapevine is associated with the exclusion of chloride ions (Cl–) from the shoot. The rate-limiting step for this process has been identified as the passage of Cl– between the root symplast and the xylem apoplast through membrane integral proteins. To identify candidate genes for these proteins we used a custom microarray to compare the root transcriptomes of three grapevine varieties (Vitis spp.) that differ in their capacity to exclude Cl– from shoots. When challenged with 50 mM Cl– there were transcriptional responses that differed across the rootstocks 140 Ruggeri (a good Cl– excluder) and K51-40 (a poor Cl– excluder), and Cabernet Sauvignon (an intermediate Cl– excluder and Vitis vinifera control). The magnitude of these salt-induced changes correlated with the amount of Cl– accumulated in shoots. Abiotic-stress responsive transcripts (e.g. heat shock proteins) were induced in 140 Ruggeri. Respiratory transcripts were repressed in Cabernet Sauvignon. Expression of hypersensitive response and ROS scavenging transcripts were altered in the sensitive K51-40. Despite these differences, no obvious candidate Cl– transporters were identified from the salt treatment. In contrast, under control conditions where differences in shoot Cl– exclusion between rootstocks were still significant, we identified a number of genes encoding putative ion channels including VvSLAH3, VvALMT1, and possible regulators of these proteins such as VvSnRK2.6 and calcium dependent protein kinases (CDPK) as being differentially expressed between rootstocks. Members of the low affinity nitrate transporter (NRT1), and chloride channel (CLC) families were also identified. We propose these as useful candidates for further study within breeding programs aimed at improving plant salt tolerance in grapevine and other crops. Comparative: genotype versus genotype (control); and control (0 mM Cl) versus salt (50 mM Cl). Rooted leaves were grown as described by Gong et. al. (2010) (Journal of Experimental Botany). After 2 weeks of hydroponic growth, plants were exposed to 0 mM or 50 mM chloride stress for 4 days. Three biological replicates were used for 140 Ruggeri. Four biological replicates were used for Cabernet Sauvignon. Four biological replicates were used for K51-40. Each biological replicate consisted of total roots from four individual plants pooled together.
Project description:Three grapevines cultivars (Merlot, Cabernet-Sauvignon and Ugni Blanc) were infected by E. lata. The expression profiles of the wood part near the infection point were determined for both infected and non infected plant for each cultivars with Nimblegen microarrays vitis. Three plants were used for biological replicates. Comparisons between infected and non infected conditions allow, for each cultivars, the identifcation of genes which the expression is modified by E. lata.