Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level in motile strain of Sphingomonas. sp A1 All flagellar genes in motile strain of Sphingomonas. sp A1 are highly transcribed. A two chip study using total RNA recovered from wild-type and motile strains of Sphingomonas. sp A1 grown in 0.5% alginate medium.
Project description:Our study aimed to elucidate the plant growth-promoting characteristics and the structure and composition of Sphingomonas sp. LK11 genome using the single molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing technology of Pacific Biosciences. The results revealed that LK11 produces different types of gibberellins (GAs) in pure culture and significantly improves soybean plant growth by influencing endogenous GAs compared with non-inoculated control plants. Detailed genomic analyses revealed that the Sphingomonas sp. LK11 genome consists of a circular chromosome (3.78 Mbp; 66.2% G+C content) and two circular plasmids (122,975 bps and 34,160 bps; 63 and 65% G+C content, respectively). Annotation showed that the LK11 genome consists of 3656 protein-coding genes, 59 tRNAs, and 4 complete rRNA operons. Functional analyses predicted that LK11 encodes genes for phosphate solubilization and nitrate/nitrite ammonification, which are beneficial for promoting plant growth. Genes for production of catalases, superoxide dismutase, and peroxidases that confer resistance to oxidative stress in plants were also identified in LK11. Moreover, genes for trehalose and glycine betaine biosynthesis were also found in LK11 genome. Similarly, Sphingomonas spp. analysis revealed an open pan-genome and a total of 8507 genes were identified in the Sphingomonas spp. pan-genome and about 1356 orthologous genes were found to comprise the core genome. However, the number of genomes analyzed was not enough to describe complete gene sets. Our findings indicated that the genetic makeup of Sphingomonas sp. LK11 can be utilized as an eco-friendly bioresource for cleaning contaminated sites and promoting growth of plants confronted with environmental perturbations.
Project description:As a highly valued keto-carotenoid, astaxanthin is widely used in nutritional supplements and pharmaceuticals. Therefore, the demand for biosynthetic astaxanthin and improved efficiency of astaxanthin biosynthesis has driven the investigation of metabolic engineering of native astaxanthin producers and heterologous hosts. However, microbial resources for astaxanthin are limited. In this study, we found that the α-Proteobacterium Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 55669 could produce astaxanthin naturally. We used whole-genome sequencing to identify the astaxanthin biosynthetic pathway using a combined PacBio-Illumina approach. The putative astaxanthin biosynthetic pathway in Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 55669 was predicted. For further confirmation, a high-efficiency targeted engineering carotenoid synthesis platform was constructed in E. coli for identifying the functional roles of candidate genes. All genes involved in astaxanthin biosynthesis showed discrete distributions on the chromosome. Moreover, the overexpression of exogenous E. coli idi in Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 55669 increased astaxanthin production by 5.4-fold. This study described a new astaxanthin producer and provided more biosynthesis components for bioengineering of astaxanthin in the future.
Project description:Here, we report the whole-genome sequence of Sphingomonas sp. strain FARSPH, isolated from an insect cell line as a contaminant. FARSPH shared high identity with Sphingomonas melonis and Sphingomonas aquatilis strains. Due to this finding, we recommend taking this genus into consideration for cell culture quality control.
Project description:Sphingomonas sp. strain PAMC 26617 has been isolated from an Arctic lichen Umbilicaria sp. on the Svalbard Islands. Here we present the draft genome sequence of this strain, which represents a valuable resource for understanding the symbiotic mechanisms between endosymbiotic bacteria and lichens surviving in extreme environments.
Project description:The lichen-associated bacterial strain Sphingomonas sp. PAMC 26621 was isolated from an Arctic lichen Cetraria sp. on Svalbard Islands. Here we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, which could provide novel insights into the molecular principles of lichen-microbe interactions.
Project description:Welan gum is mainly produced by Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 and has broad applications in industry such as that in cement production. Both carbon and nitrogen sources are essential for welan production. However, how nitrogen sources affect the metabolism and gene transcription of welan remains elusive. Here, we used next-generation sequencing RNA-seq to analyze the transcriptome of Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 in the presence of inorganic or organic nitrogen sources. Enriched gene expression and pathway analysis suggest that organic nitrogen sources significantly enhanced the expression of genes in central metabolic pathways of Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 and those critical for welan synthesis compared to that observed using inorganic nitrogen sources. The present study improves our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying the use of nitrogen in welan synthesis in Sphingomonas sp., as well as provides an important transcriptome resource for Sphingomonas sp. in relation to nitrogen sources. Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555 strain (stored in our laboratory) was first seeded in an inoculum medium (20 g/L glucose, 3 g/L yeast extract, 3 g/L malt extract, and 5 g/L fish meal protein peptone, pH 7.0), and then cultured in a fermentation medium containing 40 g/L sucrose, 4.0 g/L nitrogen source, 0.6 g/L KH2PO4, and 0.2 g/L MgSO4.7H2O at 37°C. The nitrogen sources used in the present study were as follows: NaNO3 (4.0 g/L) as inorganic nitrogen (IN), beef extract (4.0 g/L) as organic nitrogen (ON), and NaNO3 (1.5 g/L) + beef extract (2.5 g/L) as complex nitrogen (CN). All cultivations were conducted in flasks with constant rotary shaking at 400–1,000 rpm and 37°C.
Project description:We report here the draft genome sequences of Sphingomonas sp. IBVSS1 and IBVSS2, two bacteria assembled from the metagenomes of surface samples from freshwater lakes. The genomes are >99% complete and may represent new species within the Sphingomonas genus, indicating a larger diversity than currently identified.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Sphingomonas. sp A1 AlgO-deficient mutant grown on alginate compared with that on yeast extract AlgO is a possble transcriptional factor described in J. Bacteriol. (2000) 182(14):3998-4004 by Momma K, Okamoto M, Mishima Y, Mori S, Hashimoto W, and Murata K. A two chip study using total RNA recovered from two cultures of Sphingomonas. sp A1 AlgO-deficient mutant grown in 0.5% alginate medium and 0.5% yeast extract medium. Each chip measures the expression level of genes from Sphingomonas. sp A1.
Project description:Metabolism of the phenylurea herbicide isoproturon by Sphingomonas sp. strain SRS2 was significantly enhanced when the strain was grown in coculture with a soil bacterium (designated strain SRS1). Both members of this consortium were isolated from a highly enriched isoproturon-degrading culture derived from an agricultural soil previously treated regularly with the herbicide. Based on analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, strain SRS1 was assigned to the beta-subdivision of the proteobacteria and probably represents a new genus. Strain SRS1 was unable to degrade either isoproturon or its known metabolites 3-(4-isopropylphenyl)-1-methylurea, 3-(4-isopropylphenyl)-urea, or 4-isopropyl-aniline. Pure culture studies indicate that Sphingomonas sp. SRS2 is auxotrophic and requires components supplied by association with other soil bacteria. A specific mixture of amino acids appeared to meet these requirements, and it was shown that methionine was essential for Sphingomonas sp. SRS2. This suggests that strain SRS1 supplies amino acids to Sphingomonas sp. SRS2, thereby leading to rapid metabolism of (14)C-labeled isoproturon to (14)CO(2) and corresponding growth of strain SRS2. Proliferation of strain SRS1 suggests that isoproturon metabolism by Sphingomonas sp. SRS2 provides unknown metabolites or cell debris that supports growth of strain SRS1. The role of strain SRS1 in the consortium was not ubiquitous among soil bacteria; however, the indigenous soil microflora and some strains from culture collections also stimulate isoproturon metabolism by Sphingomonas sp. strain SRS2 to a similar extent.