Project description:We isolated Pseudomonas putida (P. putida) strain 1A00316 from Antarctica. This bacterium has a high efficiency against Meloidogyne incognita (M. incognita) in vitro and under greenhouse conditions. The complete genome of P. putida 1A00316 was sequenced using PacBio single molecule real-time (SMRT) technology. A comparative genomic analysis of 16 Pseudomonas strains revealed that although P. putida 1A00316 belonged to P. putida, it was phenotypically more similar to nematicidal Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) strains. We characterized the diversity and specificity of nematicidal factors in P. putida 1A00316 with comparative genomics and functional analysis, and found that P. putida 1A00316 has diverse nematicidal factors including protein alkaline metalloproteinase AprA and two secondary metabolites, hydrogen cyanide and cyclo-(l-isoleucyl-l-proline). We show for the first time that cyclo-(l-isoleucyl-l-proline) exhibit nematicidal activity in P. putida. Interestingly, our study had not detected common nematicidal factors such as 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG) and pyrrolnitrin in P. putida 1A00316. The results of the present study reveal the diversity and specificity of nematicidal factors in P. putida strain 1A00316.
Project description:We report here the draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas putida strain DRA525, isolated from mercury-contaminated soil. This strain shows resistance to mercury and multiple antibiotics, and its genome sequence contains several gene sets known to confer resistance to heavy metals enzymatically and through multidrug efflux pumps.
Project description:Microbial degradation of lignin and its related aromatic compounds has great potential for the sustainable production of chemicals and bioremediation of contaminated soils. We previously isolated Pseudomonas sp. strain 9.1 from historical waste deposits (forming so-called fiber banks) released from pulp and paper mills along the Baltic Sea coast. The strain accumulated vanillyl alcohol during growth on vanillin, and while reported in other microbes, this phenotype is less common in wild-type pseudomonads. As the reduction of vanillin to vanillyl alcohol is an undesired trait in Pseudomonas strains engineered to accumulate vanillin, connecting the strain 9.1 phenotype with a genotype would increase the fundamental understanding and genetic engineering potential of microbial vanillin metabolism. The genome of Pseudomonas sp. 9.1 was sequenced and assembled. Annotation identified oxidoreductases with homology to Saccharomyces cerevisiae alcohol dehydrogenase ScADH6p, known to reduce vanillin to vanillyl alcohol, in both the 9.1 genome and the model strain Pseudomonas putida KT2440. Recombinant expression of the Pseudomonas sp. 9.1 FEZ21_09870 and P. putida KT2440 PP_2426 (calA) genes in Escherichia coli revealed that these open reading frames encode aldehyde reductases that convert vanillin to vanillyl alcohol, and that P. putida KT2440 PP_3839 encodes a coniferyl alcohol dehydrogenase that oxidizes coniferyl alcohol to coniferyl aldehyde (i.e., the function previously assigned to calA). The deletion of PP_2426 in P. putida GN442 engineered to accumulate vanillin resulted in a decrease in by-product (vanillyl alcohol) yield from 17% to ?1%. Based on these results, we propose the reannotation of PP_2426 and FEZ21_09870 as areA and PP_3839 as calA-II IMPORTANCE Valorization of lignocellulose (nonedible plant matter) is of key interest for the sustainable production of chemicals from renewable resources. Lignin, one of the main constituents of lignocellulose, is a heterogeneous aromatic biopolymer that can be chemically depolymerized into a heterogeneous mixture of aromatic building blocks; those can be further converted by certain microbes into value-added aromatic chemicals, e.g., the flavoring agent vanillin. We previously isolated a Pseudomonas sp. strain with the (for the genus) unusual trait of vanillyl alcohol production during growth on vanillin. Whole-genome sequencing of the isolate led to the identification of a vanillin reductase candidate gene whose deletion in a recombinant vanillin-accumulating P. putida strain almost completely alleviated the undesired vanillyl alcohol by-product yield. These results represent an important step toward biotechnological production of vanillin from lignin using bacterial cell factories.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida S16 is an efficient degrader of nicotine. The complete genome of strain S16 (5,984,790 bp in length) includes genes related to catabolism of aromatic and heterocyclic compounds. The genes of enzymes in the core genome and a genomic island encode the proteins responsible for nicotine catabolism.
Project description:We report the complete genome sequence of Pseudomonas putida strain H8234, which was isolated from a hospital patient presenting with bacteremia. This strain has a single chromosome (6,870,827 bp) that contains 6,305 open reading frames. The strain is not a pathogen but exhibits multidrug resistance associated with 40 genomic islands.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida strain ND6 is an efficient naphthalene-degrading bacterium. The complete genome of strain ND6 was sequenced and annotated. The genes encoding the enzymes involved in catechol degradation by the ortho-cleavage pathway were found in the chromosomal sequence, which indicated that strain ND6 is able to metabolize naphthalene by the catechol meta- and ortho-cleavage pathways.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida is a member of the fluorescent pseudomonads known to produce the yellow-green fluorescent pyoverdine siderophore. P. putida W15Oct28, isolated from a stream in Brussels, was found to produce compound(s) with antimicrobial activity against the opportunistic pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, an unusual characteristic for P. putida. The active compound production only occurred in media with low iron content and without organic nitrogen sources. Transposon mutants which lost their antimicrobial activity had the majority of insertions in genes involved in the biosynthesis of pyoverdine, although purified pyoverdine was not responsible for the antagonism. Separation of compounds present in culture supernatants revealed the presence of two fractions containing highly hydrophobic molecules active against P. aeruginosa. Analysis of the draft genome confirmed the presence of putisolvin biosynthesis genes and the corresponding lipopeptides were found to contribute to the antimicrobial activity. One cluster of ten genes was detected, comprising a NAD-dependent epimerase, an acetylornithine aminotransferase, an acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a short chain dehydrogenase, a fatty acid desaturase and three genes for a RND efflux pump. P. putida W15Oct28 genome also contains 56 genes encoding TonB-dependent receptors, conferring a high capacity to utilize pyoverdines from other pseudomonads. One unique feature of W15Oct28 is also the presence of different secretion systems including a full set of genes for type IV secretion, and several genes for type VI secretion and their VgrG effectors.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida KT2440 is the only fully sequenced P. putida strain. Thus, for transcriptomics and proteomics studies with other P. putida strains, the P. putida KT2440 genomic database serves as standard reference. The utility of KT2440 whole-genome, high-density oligonucleotide microarrays for transcriptomics studies of other Pseudomonas strains was investigated. To this end, microarray hybridizations were performed with genomic DNAs of subcultures of P. putida KT2440 (DSM6125), the type strain (DSM291(T)), plasmid pWW0-containing KT2440-derivative strain mt-2 (DSM3931), the solvent-tolerant P. putida S12, and several other Pseudomonas strains. Depending on the strain tested, 22 to 99% of all genetic elements were identified in the genomic DNAs. The efficacy of these microarrays to study cellular function was determined for all strains included in the study. The vast majority of DSM6125 genes encoding proteins of primary metabolism and genes involved in the catabolism of aromatic compounds were identified in the genomic DNA of strain S12: a prerequisite for reliable transcriptomics analyses. The genomotypic comparisons between Pseudomonas strains were used to construct highly discriminative phylogenetic relationships. DSM6125 and DSM3931 were indistinguishable and clustered together with strain S12 in a separate group, distinct from DSM291(T). Pseudomonas monteilii (DSM14164) clustered well with P. putida strains.
Project description:Pseudomonas putida strain ASAD was isolated from compost because of its ability to utilize aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) as a carbon and energy source. We report the draft genome sequence of strain ASAD, with an estimated length of 6.9 Mb. Study of this isolate will provide insight into the aspirin biodegradation pathway.