Project description:Three genes with homology to glycosyl hydrolases were detected on a DNA fragment cloned from a psychrophilic lactic acid bacterium isolate, Carnobacterium piscicola strain BA. A 2.2-kb region corresponding to an alpha-galactosidase gene, agaA, was followed by two genes in the same orientation, bgaB, encoding a 2-kb beta-galactosidase, and bgaC, encoding a structurally distinct 1.76-kb beta-galactosidase. This gene arrangement had not been observed in other lactic acid bacteria, including Lactococcus lactis, for which the genome sequence is known. To determine if these sequences encoded enzymes with alpha- and beta-galactosidase activities, we subcloned the genes and examined the enzyme properties. The alpha-galactosidase, AgaA, hydrolyzes para-nitrophenyl-alpha-D-galactopyranoside and has optimal activity at 32 to 37 degrees C. The beta-galactosidase, BgaC, has an optimal activity at 40 degrees C and a half-life of 15 min at 45 degrees C. The regulation of these enzymes was tested in C. piscicola strain BA and activity on both alpha- and beta-galactoside substrates decreased for cells grown with added glucose or lactose. Instead, an increase in activity on a phosphorylated beta-galactoside substrate was found for the cells supplemented with lactose, suggesting that a phospho-galactosidase functions during lactose utilization. Thus, the two beta-galactosidases may act synergistically with the alpha-galactosidase to degrade other polysaccharides available in the environment.
Project description:The strain states of -, -, and -oriented grains in poly-crystalline sputtered (Ba,Sr)TiO(3) thin films on highly -oriented Pt electrode/Si substrates were carefully examined by X-ray diffraction techniques. Remarkably, -oriented grains respond more while - and -oriented grains do less than the theoretically estimated responses, which is understandable from the arrangement of the TiO(6) octahedra with respect to the stress direction. Furthermore, such mechanical responses are completely independent of the degree of crystallization and film thickness. The transition growth temperature between the positive and negative strains was also different depending on the grain orientation. The unstrained lattice parameter for each type of grain was different suggesting that the oxygen vacancy concentration for each type of grain is different, too. The results reveal that polycrystalline (Ba,Sr)TiO(3) thin films are not an aggregation of differently oriented grains which simply follow the mechanical behavior of single crystal with different orientations.
Project description:Toxoplasmosis is a widespread parasitic infection by Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite with at least three distinct clonal lineages. This article reports the whole genome sequencing and de novo assembly of T. gondii RH (type I representative strain), as well as genome-wide comparison across major T. gondii lineages. Genomic DNA was extracted from tachyzoites of T. gondii RH strain and its identity was verified by PCR and LAMP. Subsequently, whole genome sequencing was performed, followed by sequence filtering, genome assembly, gene annotation assignments, clustering of gene orthologs and phylogenetic tree construction. Genome comparison was done with the already archived genomes of T. gondii. From this study, the genome size of T. gondii RH strain was found to be 69.35Mb, with a mean GC content of 52%. The genome shares high similarity to the archived genomes of T. gondii GT1, ME49 and VEG strains. Nevertheless, 111 genes were found to be unique to T. gondii RH strain. Importantly, unique genes annotated to functions that are potentially critical for T. gondii virulence were found, which may explain the unique phenotypes of this particular strain. This report complements the genomic archive of T. gondii. Data obtained from this study contribute to better understanding of T. gondii and serve as a reference for future studies on this parasite.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Meyerozyma guilliermondii is a yeast which could be isolated from a variety of environments. The vka1 strain isolated and purified from the organic compost was found to have composting potential. To better understand the genes assisting the composting potential in this yeast, whole genome sequencing and sequence annotation were performed. RESULTS:The genome of M. guilliermondii vka1 strain was sequenced using a hybrid approach, on Illumina Hiseq-2500 platform at 100× coverage followed by Nanopore platform at 20× coverage. The de novo assembly using dual-fold approach had given draft genome of 10.8 Mb size. The genome was found to contain 5385 genes. The annotation of the genes was performed, and the enzymes identified to have roles in the degradation of macromolecules are discussed in relation to its composting potential. Annotation of the genome assembly of the related strains had revealed the unique biodegradation related genes in this strain. Phylogenetic analysis using the rDNA region has confirmed the position of this strain in the Ascomycota family. Raw reads are made public, and the genome wide proteome profile is presented to facilitate further studies on this organism. CONCLUSIONS:Meyerozyma guilliermondii vka1 strain was sequenced through hybrid approach and the reads were de novo assembled. Draft genome size and the number of genes in the strain were assessed and discussed in relation to the related strains. Scientific insights into the composting potential of this strain are also presented in relation to the unique genes identified in this strain.
Project description:Metagenomic sequencing of fracture fluid from South Africa recovered a nearly complete "Candidatus Bathyarchaeota" archaeon genome. The metagenome-assembled genome of BE326-BA-RLH contains genes involved in methane metabolism and dissimilatory nitrate reduction. This study presents the first genomic evidence for potential anaerobic methane oxidation in the phylum "Ca. Bathyarchaeota."
Project description:Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a Clostridium sp. strain isolated from a fecal sample of a 34-year-old adult male in Taiwan. This strain may represent a new bacterium, as suggested by a comparison based on whole-genome sequencing. The genome assembly comprised 6,089,737?bp, with a 45.63% G+C content.
Project description:The bacterial isolates of genus Rhodococcus are best known for their significant biodegradation abilities. Here, we report the data related to draft genome sequencing of Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain SPC17 isolated from sediments of Lonar Lake. The de novo assembly of 1598096 Illumina's paired-end sequencing reads resulted in 51 contigs for an overall genome assembly size of 4.98Mb. A total of 4546 genes were predicted using the National Center for Biotechnology Information- Prokaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline (NCBI-PGAP). RAST server-based annotation of the Rhodococcus strain SPC17 genome resulted in a total of 295 subsystems with 25% subsystem coverage. The data on the draft genome shotgun project are accessible at NCBI-GenBank under the accession number WUUR00000000. Our data resource will facilitate further molecular and genomic studies of diverse hydrocarbon catabolizing genes present in Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain SPC17.