Project description:Cotton is the most important economic crop that provides natural fibre and by-products such as oil and protein. The global gene expression could provide insight into the biological processes underlying growth and development, which involving suites of genes expressed with temporal and spatial controls by regulatory networks. Improvement of cotton fiber in yield and quality is the main goal for molecular breeding, but many previous research have been largely focused on identifying genes only in fibres, so that we ignore seed which may play an important role in the development of fibers. In this study, we constructed and systematically analyzed twenty-one strand-specific RNA-Seq libraries on Gossypium hirsutum L. covering different tissues, organs and development stages, of which approximately 970 million reads were generated. In total, 5,6754 transcripts derived from 2,9541 unigenes were obtained to provide a global view of gene expression for cotton development. Hierarchical clustering of transcriptional profiles suggests that transcriptomes among tissues or organs corresponded well to their developmental relatedness. The organ (tissue)-specific gene expressions were investigated efficiently and provided further insight into the dynamic programming of the transcriptome, in particularly for coordinating development between fiber cell and seed (ovule). We identified series of transcription factors and seed-specific genes, which as the candidate genes should help elucidate key mechanisms and regulatory networks that underlie fiber and seed development. This report identified comprehensive transcriptome changes in different stage of cotton development and will serves as a valuable genome-wide transcriptome resource for cotton breeding. Examination of transcriptome of cotton
Project description:The aim of the present study is to list the genes involved in cotton (G. arboreum) leaf epicuticular wax production and deposition. For this purpose differentially expressed genes (especially, down-regulated in wax deficient mutant plant) in wild and epicuticular wax mutant (Gawm3) plants were founded through cDNA microarray, developed from the wild plant leaves. Overall design: 3× (wild cotton leaf labeled with Cy3/ epicuticular wax mutant cotton leaf (Gawm3) labeled with Cy5) 3× (wild cotton leaf labeled with Cy5/ epicuticular wax mutant cotton leaf (Gawm3) labeled with Cy3)
Project description:This study was initiated with the objective of identifying the anther/tapetum specific promoters from cotton floral buds. Cotton is an important commercial crop. Hybrid cotton varieties are developed to obtain improved yield and fiber quality. Most of the hybrid seed production in cotton is carried out by hand emasculation, which requires large amount of manpower, resulting in high cost of hybrid seed. We are developing barnase-barstar based male sterility system, which would be a better alternative for hybrid development. The tapetum specific promoters are main requirement for such a system. The study was thus carried out to identify genes expressed in the anthers. Cotton bud sizes were correlated with tapetum development. RNA was isolated from following tissues: • Anther tissues from buds at pre-meiotic stage of development (Tapetum absent) • Buds without anther tissues at pre-meiotic stage of development • Anther tissues from buds during meiosis (Tapetum present) • Buds without anther tissues during meiosis • Anther tissues from buds at post-meiotic stage of development (Tapetum degenerated) • Buds without anther tissues at post-meiotic stage of development • Leaf tissues • Seedling 5 days after germination Biotin labeled cRNA was hybridized on Affymertix cotton Genechip Genome array following Affymetrix protocols. Three biological replicates were maintained.
Project description:affy_cotton_2011_12 - affy_cotton_2011_12 - In this study we characterized the fiber transcriptomes of the two species, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense that were parental genotypes of a RIL mapping population used previously for phenotypic QTL and expression QTL mapping., We used 454 deep pyrosequencing to characterize cDNAs from developing fibers at two key developmental time-points; 10 and 22 days post anthesis. A unigene set was assembled and annotated, and differential digital gene expression was assessed from the different time-point and genotype representations of the reads within assembled contigs. As a complementary approach, we conducted microarray-based hybridization profiling using the cotton Affymetrix gene chip and labeled cDNAs from fibers at 11 dpa and for the same two genotypes and compared differentially expressed genes identified by the two platforms. The 454 unigenes were also mined for the presence of microsatellite repeats and SNPs that will be useful markers for mapping and marker-assisted selection in cotton improvement.-Total RNA was extracted from 11 dpa-old fibers from the two genotypes, Guazuncho 2 (Gossypium hirsutum) and VH8-4602 (G. barbadense), and included two replicates of each. RNA was checked for quality and quantity using an Agilent Bioanalyser 2100 (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA, USA, http://www.home.agilent.com) following the manufacturer’s recommendations. The RNA was sent to the Australian Genome Research Facility Ltd. (http://www.agrf.org.au, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia) for labeling and hybridization to the Affymetrix Genechip® Cotton Genome Array (21,854 genes) (Affymetrix, http://www.affymetrix.com/). - 4 arrays - Cotton; x comparison between two genotypes in cell type This represents the gene expression component of the study only