We report here on the genome sequence of Yersinia aleksiciae Y159(T), isolated in Finland in 1981. The genome has a size of 4 Mb, a G+C content of 49%, and is predicted to contain 3,423 coding sequences. ...[more]
Project description:Enteropathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis share many traits in terms of infections they cause, but their epidemiology and ecology seem to differ in many ways. Pigs are the only known reservoir for Y. enterocolitica 4/O:3 strains while Y. pseudotuberculosis strains have been isolated from variety of sources including fresh vegetables and wild animals. A comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis with a DNA microarray based on three Yersinia enterocolitica and four Yersinia pseudotuberculosis genomes was conducted to shed light on genomic differences between the enteropathogenic Yersinia. In total 99 strains isolated from various sources were hybridized and analyzed. Overall design: Array CGH. Two-color hybridizations on 8x15K Agilent arrays. Eleven reference strain (Y. enterocolitica strain 8081, Y. enterocolitica strain DSM 130 30 and Y. pseudotuberculosis IP32953) hybridizations and four replicate hybridizations of strain HV.
Project description:RNA-sequencing was preformed from RNA isolated from bacteria infected with the bacteriophage. In order to reveal the phage-host interactions between φR1-37 and Yersinia enterocolitica throughout the phage infection cycle, both the transcriptomes were scrutinized during all the stages of infection. Overall design: Fresh cultures (logarythmic phase) of Yersinia enterocolitica YeO3-R1 were infected with bacteriophage R1-37. The RNA samples were taken at following time points post-infection: 0 (negative control), 2, 5, 10, 15, 21, 28, 35, 42 1nd 49 min.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Yersinia intermedia strain ATCC 29909 in response to oxygen. The experiments and results have not been published yet (manuscript has been submitted to journal office and is under revision) A 6 chip (whole-genome-tiled array) study using total RNA recovered from the following: 6 separate cultures of Yersinia intermedia strain ATCC 29909 grown in minimal medium with glucose (3 grown in the presence of oxygen and 3 grown without oxygen). Each whole-genome-tiled arrays contained ~320,000 probes representing 3953 genes that included 3887 protein coding genes (and 18 likely pseudogenes), 12 non-coding RNAs and 36 tRNAs. Data from probes corresponding to intergenic regions (and some pseudogenes, rRNA genes and unannotated genes) of the genome were not considered in the present analysis.
Project description:Orogastral infection of mice with Yersinia enterocolitical leads to HIF-1 alpha activation.To elucidate whether this HIF-1 alpha activation also results in a HIF-1 dependent gene programming, the transcriptomes from Peyers Patches of uninfected and Yersinia enterocolitica infected mice were analyzed by means of of microarray analyses using Affymetrix GeneChip probe arrays (MG-U74Av2). In total, 288 genes were differentially regulated three day after infection in PP compared with the expression of uninfected control mice. Of these 288 genes, 217 were found to be differentially upregulated and from these, 14 genes ( 6.5% of all upregulated genes) are well described to be regulated via HIF-1. These data indicate that orogatral infection with Y. enterocolitica results in HIF-1 dependent gene programmning Experiment Overall Design: Per group five C57BL/6 mice were infected orogastrally with 500 Million Yersinia enterocolitica. 1 and 3 days after infection, Peyers Patches were removed and total RNA was prepared. In parallel, RNA was isolated from uninfected mice. The generation of fragmented cRNA was performed following the manufacturers instructions and used for hybridization onto GeneChip arrays MG-U74Avs2. Analysis of microarray data was performed using the Affymetrix Microarray Suite 5.0, Affymetrix Mining Tool 3.0. A median signal log2 ratio (SLR) grater than 1.5 or less than -1.5 was considered a significant change.
Project description:Yersinia pestis, the etiological agent of plague, is able to sense cell density by quorum sensing. The function of quorum sensing in Y. pestis is not clear. Here, the process of autoinducer 2 (AI-2) quorum sensing was investigated by comparing transcript profiles when luxS gene was knocked out. The luxS gene encodes S-ribosylhomocysteinase which can produce DPD, a precursor of AI-2. The strain ∆pgm (pigmentation-negative) mutant R88 was called wild type. The ∆pgm ∆luxS mutant was called control. Overall design: Six independent RNA samples from R88 were paired with six independent RNA samples from ∆pgm ∆luxS mutant cultures for hybridization to six two-color microarrays. A dye-swap design was used to remove the Cy5 and Cy3 dye bias.
Project description:Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis) is the etiologic agent of the plague, an endemic zoonotic disease of critical clinical and historic importance. The species belongs to a genus comprising eleven members, three of which are human pathogens. Y. pestis and its closest extant relative, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, are very similar in many respects, yet there is a distinct dichotomy between these species in terms of pathogenicity. Y. pseudotuberculosis produces a relatively benign food- or water-borne gastroenteritis with rare cases of potentially fatal bacteremia. In contrast, the characteristics of high infectivity and high mortality have made Y. pestis a pathogen of historic importance with devastating effects on the human populace over the course of three major pandemics. These qualities coupled with the emergence of multi-drug resistant variants make Y. pestis an ideal candidate for use as a bioterrorism agent. Consequentially, evolutionary biology of this organism has become a priority in the counter-terrorism research effort. The flow of genetic information within the Y. pseudotuberculosis/Y. pestis group motivated us to identify novel genes for the purpose of creating a pan-genome species DNA microarray to better understand the phylogenomic relationships among its members. Based on the sequence information be generated from the novel gene discovery project conducted at the PFGRC as well as other publicly available sources regarding Yersinia spp. genome sequences, we designed a species microarray which represents the hitherto known genetic repertoire of this taxonomic group. In order to create a species microarray that represents novel genes or genes with significant sequence variation, the ArrayOligoSelector software (http://arrayoligosel.sourceforge.net/) was used to design a 70-mer oligonucleotide for each of the annotated ORFs or partial ORFs. A detailed description of the 70-mer oligo design process and filters developed by the PFGRC can be found on the PFGRC web site at (http://pfgrc.tigr.org/presentations/seminars/oligo_design_final.pdf). Overall design: One hundred fifty six query strains were investigated in this study, with each query strain hybridized against the reference strain, CO92. Each strain has a single dye experiment. Each oligo is spotted on the Y. pestis species microarray once. Positive controls on the array consist of oligos designed from the sequenced reference genome, CO92, and negative controls on the array consist of oligos designed from the thale cress plant, Arabidopsis thaliana.The microarrays also had Agilent internal controls.
Project description:A microarray was developed to screen rodent samples for pathogens of zoonotic importance In the work described here, a homologue to Yersinia pestis was found in rodent samples after screening with the microarray A number of rodent samples from the UK and Canada were identified as carrying a homologue to a Yersinia pestis gene