Project description:BACKGROUND:Plumbing systems are an infrequent but known reservoir for opportunistic microbial pathogens that can infect hospitalized patients. In 2016, a cluster of clinical sphingomonas infections prompted an investigation. METHODS:We performed whole-genome DNA sequencing on clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant Sphingomonas koreensis identified from 2006 through 2016 at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center. We cultured S. koreensis from the sinks in patient rooms and performed both whole-genome and shotgun metagenomic sequencing to identify a reservoir within the infrastructure of the hospital. These isolates were compared with clinical and environmental S. koreensis isolates obtained from other institutions. RESULTS:The investigation showed that two isolates of S. koreensis obtained from the six patients identified in the 2016 cluster were unrelated, but four isolates shared more than 99.92% genetic similarity and were resistant to multiple antibiotic agents. Retrospective analysis of banked clinical isolates of sphingomonas from the NIH Clinical Center revealed the intermittent recovery of a clonal strain over the past decade. Unique single-nucleotide variants identified in strains of S. koreensis elucidated the existence of a reservoir in the hospital plumbing. Clinical S. koreensis isolates from other facilities were genetically distinct from the NIH isolates. Hospital remediation strategies were guided by results of microbiologic culturing and fine-scale genomic analyses. CONCLUSIONS:This genomic and epidemiologic investigation suggests that S. koreensis is an opportunistic human pathogen that both persisted in the NIH Clinical Center infrastructure across time and space and caused health care-associated infections. (Funded by the NIH Intramural Research Programs.).
Project description:Strain S150 was isolated from the tobacco rhizosphere as a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium. It increased plant fresh weight significantly and lateral root development, and it antagonized plant pathogenic fungi but not phytobacteria. Further tests showed that strain S150 solubilized organic phosphate and produced ammonia, siderophore, protease, amylase, and cellulase, but it did not produce indole-3-acetic acid. Using morphology, physiological characteristics, and multi-locus sequence analysis, strain S150 was identified as Pseudomonas koreensis. The complete genome of strain S150 was sequenced, and it showed a single circular chromosome of 6,304,843 bp with a 61.09% G + C content. The bacterial genome contained 5,454 predicted genes that occupied 87.7% of the genome. Venn diagrams of the identified orthologous clusters of P. koreensis S150 with the other three sequenced P. koreensis strains revealed up to 4,167 homologous gene clusters that were shared among them, and 21 orthologous clusters were only present in the genome of strain S150. Genome mining of the bacterium P. koreensis S150 showed that the strain possessed 10 biosynthetic gene clusters for secondary metabolites, which included four clusters of non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) involved in the biosynthesis of cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs). One of the NRPSs possibly encoded lokisin, a cyclic lipopeptide produced by fluorescent Pseudomonas. Genomic mutation of the lokA gene, which is one of the three structural NRPS genes for lokisin in strain S150, led to a deficiency in fungal antagonism that could be restored fully by gene complementation. The results suggested that P. koreensis S150 is a novel plant growth-promoting agent with specific cyclic lipopeptides and contains a lokisin-encoding gene cluster that is dominant against plant fungal pathogens.
Project description:Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas koreensis strain AB36, isolated from gold mining soil in South Africa. The draft sequence consists of 5,902,614 bp, with a G+C content of 60.1% and 5,242 protein-coding genes. The genome provides insight into its metabolism and the degradation of environmental pollutants.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:The Pseudomonas koreensis group bacteria are usually found in soil and are associated with plants. Currently they are poorly described. Here we report on the whole genome sequence of a bacterial isolate from a patient with bronchiectasis that was first identified as P. koreensis, and on its position in the P. koreensis group. RESULTS:Strain 16-537536 was isolated from a patient with bronchiectasis from Spain and initially identified by MALDI-TOF as P. koreensis, a member of the Pseudomonas fluorescens complex. However, the average nucleotide identity analysis (ANIb) and whole genome alignments of the draft genome sequence of this strain showed it to be a member of the P. koreensis group of the P. fluorescens complex, but belonging to an undescribed species. In addition, based on ANIb analysis, the P. koreensis group contains several other unnamed species. Several genes for putative virulence factors were identified. The only antibiotic resistance gene present in strain 16-537536 was a class C ?-lactamase. The correct identification of bacterial species from patients is of utmost importance in order to understand their pathogenesis and to track the potential spread of pathogens between patients. Whole genome sequence data should be included for the description of new species.
Project description:Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) include species in the genera Bacillus, Paenibacillus, and Pseudomonas We report here the draft genome sequences of the strains Pseudomonas koreensis UASWS1668 and Bacillus megaterium UASWS1667, isolated from a horse chestnut tree, and Paenibacillus sp. strain UASWS1643, isolated from a tomato stem. Auxin production and phosphate solubilization were biochemically confirmed.
Project description:Weissella koreensis is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, nonmotile, and facultative anaerobic species belonging to the lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The members of this species have been repeatedly isolated from kimchi (a traditional Korean fermented food) and are known for their beneficial effects on human and animal intestinal microflora through producing various clinically important amino acids such as ?-aminobutyric acid and ornithine. Here we report the genome sequence of the type strain of W. koreensis (KCTC 3621(T)) to provide taxonomic and functional insights into the species.
Project description:Kangiella koreensis (Yoon et al. 2004) is the type species of the genus and is of phylogenetic interest because of the very isolated location of the genus Kangiella in the gammaproteobacterial order Oceanospirillales. K. koreensis SW-125(T) is a Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming bacterium isolated from tidal flat sediments at Daepo Beach, Yellow Sea, Korea. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. This is the first completed genome sequence from the genus Kangiella and only the fourth genome from the order Oceanospirillales. This 2,852,073 bp long single replicon genome with its 2647 protein-coding and 48 RNA genes is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.