Project description:Estrogen receptor beta (ERÎ²) is a ligand inducible transcription factor regulating gene expression in response to the female sex hormone estrogen. Previously, we found that ERÎ² deficiency results in changes in DNA methylation patterns at two gene promoters, implicating an involvement of ERÎ² in DNA methylation. In this study, we set out to explore this involvement on a genome-wide level, and to investigate the underlying mechanisms of this function. Using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS), we compared genome-wide DNA methylation in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from wildtype (wt) and ERÎ² knock-out (Î²erko) mice, and identified around 8000 differentially methylated positions (DMPs). This suggests that ERÎ² is involved in regulating DNA methylation at specific sites in the genome. Genome-wide DNA methylation was analysed in MEFs derived from wildtype and ERbeta null mice by educed representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) on an Illumina Genome Analyser IIx platform.
Project description:Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is a ligand inducible transcription factor regulating gene expression in response to the female sex hormone estrogen. Previously, we found that ERβ deficiency results in changes in DNA methylation patterns at two gene promoters, implicating an involvement of ERβ in DNA methylation. In this study, we set out to explore this involvement on a genome-wide level, and to investigate the underlying mechanisms of this function. Using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS), we compared genome-wide DNA methylation in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from wildtype (wt) and ERβ knock-out (βerko) mice, and identified around 8000 differentially methylated positions (DMPs). This suggests that ERβ is involved in regulating DNA methylation at specific sites in the genome. Genome-wide DNA methylation was analysed in MEFs derived from wildtype and ERbeta null mice by educed representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) on an Illumina Genome Analyser IIx platform.
Project description:Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the DNA methylation state of wildtype female mouse embryonic fibroblasts with nonsilencing shRNA mediated knockdown and Setdb1 geneTrap heterozygous cells with Setdb1 shRNA mediated knockdown. Methods: Enhanced Reduced Representation Bisulfite Libraries (eRRBS) were produced as previously descirbed (Akalin et al. 2012). Libraries were pooled and sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform for 100 bp single-end reads with dark cycle parameters (Boyle et al. 2012). Image analysis was performed in real time by the HiSeq Control Software (HCS) v1.4.8 and Real Time Analysis (RTA) v220.127.116.11, running on the instrument computer. Real-time base calling on the HiSeq instrument computer was performed with the RTA software. Illumina CASAVA1.8 pipeline was used to generate the sequence data. Determine the DNA methylation state of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) with wildtype MEFs and nonsilencing shRNA mediated knockdown or Setdb1 geneTrap heterozygous MEFs with Setdb1 shRNA mediated knockdown. Single-end with dark cycle protocol (Boyle et al. 2012)
Project description:Disruption of estrogen receptor beta (ESR2) dysregulates granulosa cell genes essential for follicle maturation and ovulation. The datasets presented in this article depict gonadotropin-induced genes, which are differentially expressed in Esr2-null rat granulosa cells. Synchronized follicle development was initiated in four-week-old wildtype and Esr2-null female rats by administration of PMSG. Forty-eight hours after PMSG injection, further maturation of ovarian follicles was induced by hCG treatment. Granulosa cells were collected from the ovaries before gonadotropin administration, 48?h after PMSG treatment, and 4?h after hCG injection to the PMSG-treated rats. Total RNA was purified from granulosa cells and whole transcriptome was assessed by RNA-sequencing on an Illumina HiSeq X platform. RNA-seq data of wildtype and Esr2-null granulosa cells were analyzed and differentially expressed genes were identified by CLC Genomics Workbench. Gonadotropin-induced genes were identified by comparing the transcriptome data of PMSG- or hCG-induced wildtype granulosa cells with those without gonadotropin treatment. Furthermore, differentially expressed genes in Esr2-null granulosa cells were determined by comparing the transcriptome data with that of wildtype granulosa cells. These datasets can be used to recognize the gonadotropin-induced genes in granulosa cells that are Esr2-regulated and important for ovarian follicle maturation.
Project description:One-carbon (1C) metabolism is a universal folate-dependent pathway essential for de novo purine and thymidylate synthesis, amino acid interconversion, universal methyl-donor production, and regeneration of redox cofactors. Homozygous deletion of the 1C pathway gene Mthfd1l encoding methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (NADP+-dependent) 1-like, which catalyzes mitochondrial formate production from 10-formyltetrahydrofolate, results in 100% penetrant embryonic neural tube defects (NTDs), underscoring the central role of mitochondrially derived formate in embryonic development and providing a mechanistic link between folate and NTDs. However, the specific metabolic processes that are perturbed by Mthfd1l deletion are not known. Here, we performed untargeted metabolomics on whole Mthfd1l-null and wildtype mouse embryos in combination with isotope tracer analysis in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cell lines to identify Mthfd1l deletion-induced disruptions in 1C metabolism, glycolysis, and the TCA cycle. We found that maternal formate supplementation largely corrects these disruptions in Mthfd1l-null embryos. Serine tracer experiments revealed that Mthfd1l-null MEFs have altered methionine synthesis, indicating that Mthfd1l deletion impairs the methyl cycle. Supplementation of Mthfd1l-null MEFs with formate, hypoxanthine, or combined hypoxanthine and thymidine restored their growth to wildtype levels. Thymidine addition alone was ineffective, suggesting a purine synthesis defect in Mthfd1l-null MEFs. Tracer experiments also revealed lower proportions of labeled hypoxanthine and inosine monophosphate in Mthfd1l-null than in wildtype MEFs, suggesting that Mthfd1l deletion results in increased reliance on the purine salvage pathway. These results indicate that disruptions of mitochondrial 1C metabolism have wide-ranging consequences for many metabolic processes, including those that may not directly interact with 1C metabolism.
Project description:Disruption of estrogen receptor beta (ESR2) dysregulates oocyte maturation, which leads to failure of ovulation. We investigated ESR2-regulated genes during gonadotropin-induced oocyte maturation using RNA-sequencing. Through the administration of pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin (PMSG), synchronized follicle development was initiated in four-week-old wildtype and Esr2-null female rats. Forty-eight hours after the PMSG injection, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) was used for further maturation. Oocytes were collected from the ovaries 4 h after hCG injection. The total RNA was isolated from the oocytes and the whole oocyte transcriptome was determined by RNA-sequencing on the Illumina HiSeq4000 sequencer. RNA-sequencing data of wildtype and Esr2-null oocytes were analyzed, and differentially expressed genes were identified using the CLC Genomics Workbench. Whole oocyte transcriptome data of wildtype and Esr2-null oocytes were compared to identify the differentially expressed genes. Raw data are deposited to the NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA) and analyzed data are presented in this data article. These datasets can be utilized to identify the gonadotropin-induced genes in oocytes that are ESR2-regulated and important to oocyte maturation.
Project description:Tet-mediated DNA oxidation is a new type of epigenetic modification in mammals and its role in the regulation of cell fate transition remains poorly understood. Here, we derive mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) deleted in all three Tet genes and examine their capability to be reprogrammed into iPS cells. We demonstrate that these Tet-deficient MEFs cannot be reprogrammed due to a blockage in the mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET). Reprogramming of MEFs deficient in TDG is similarly blocked. The blockage is caused by impaired activation of crucial microRNAs, which depends on oxidative demethylation promoted by Tet and TDG. Reintroduction of either miR-200c or catalytically active Tet and TDG restores reprogramming to the respective knockout MEFs. Thus, oxidative demethylation is essential for somatic cell reprogramming. These findings provide mechanistic insights into the operation of epigenetic barriers in cell lineage conversion. Reduced Representation Bisulfite (RRBS, MspI,~75-400bp size fraction) and Tet-Assisted RRBS (TARRBS) of MEFs & reprogramming MEFs at Day 5
Project description:Part of a set of highly integrated epigenome maps for Arabidopsis thaliana. Keywords: Illumina high-throughput bisulfite sequencing Whole genome shotgun bisulfite sequencing of wildtype Arabidopsis plants (Columbia-0), and met1, drm1 drm2 cmt3, and ros1 dml2 dml3 null mutants using the Illumina Genetic Analyzer.
Project description:We measured the effect of methylation potential decrease, characteristic to the betaine homocysteine methyl-transferase (Bhmt) null mice, on liver DNA methylation patterns at 4 weeks. We used reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) to measure DNA methylation differences in the livers of Bhmt-null and wild type mice (n= 8/group). We filtered sequencing data for CpGs with at least 10x coverage.