Project description:We report a pilot investigation for poly-A RNAs differentially expressed during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Participation in this investigation from March 2010 to July 2013 was voluntary, only subjects that were >18 years old and that informed written consent were considered eligible. The recruitment of tuberculosis (TB) patients was done at public hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The diagnostic criteria for active pulmonary tuberculosis was at least one AFB (acid-fast bacilli) -positive sputum sample for M. tuberculosis and/or positive sputum culture and/or compatible clinical evolution for pulmonary TB and less than 15 days of anti-TB treatment and was in accordance with those of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Blood was collected from recent close contacts (rCt) and active tuberculosis (TB) index cases (n=6). Latent TB infection (LTBI) was accessed by both tuberculin skin test (TST, cut-off = 5mm) and in house interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA, cut-off = 100 pg/ml), therefore, 12 rCt were classified as uninfected controls and 16 with LTBI. Subsequently, the sequencing was performed following the standard protocols on Illumina HiSeq® 2500 Sequencing System (Illumina, San Diego, CA) running 100 bp paired-end reads (PE100) and generating approximately 30 million reads passing filter for each sample to produce the mRNA reads. Mining these RNAseq data, highly prominent modulation of DOCK9, EPHA4, and NPC2 mRNA expression was observed in the TB samples, indicating that they might have a role in TB pathogenesis. These differential modulations upon M. Tuberculosis infection were further validated by additional evidences in larger cohorts from different geographical areas. Overall design: We collected blood samples from the recent close contacts (rCt) at the recruitment and monitored them for 1-year. All TB participants were treatment-naïve. An infection mRNA signature was derived from whole blood RNA sequencing data by comparing TB and uninfected rCt. We selected the 3 most prominent genes, by area under the ROC curve analysis, for additional validations. Some of the LTBI participants also showed the mRNA infection profile.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of SirR and manganese regulated expression of genes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains comparing high manganese vs. low manganese in Rv (wild type Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and ST70 (mntR mutant strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis) Overall design: Two strains each with two conditions experiment, Rv (Mycobacterium tuberculosis wild type strain) high manganese vs. low manganese and ST70 (mntR mutant strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis) high manganese vs. low manganese. Number of biological replicates is 3 for each condition for each strain.
Project description:Differences in the activity of monocytes/macrophages, important target cells of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, might influence tuberculosis progression. With the purpose of identifying candidate genes for tuberculosis susceptibility we infected with M. tuberculosis monocytes from both, healthy elders (a tuberculosis susceptibility group) and elderly tuberculosis patients, and performed a microarray experiment. We detected 78 differentially expressed transcripts and confirmed these results by quantitative PCR of selected genes. We found that monocytes from tuberculosis patients showed similar expression patterns of these genes regardless of whether they were obtained from younger or elder patients. Only one of the detected genes corresponded to a cytokine: IL-26, a member of the IL-10 cytokine family that we found downregulated in infected monocytes from tuberculosis patients. We have analyzed total RNA from Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected monocytes. We have isolated CD14+ cells (monocytes) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells by magnetic separation, and infected them for 4 days with 1 bacterium per monocyte. Blood donors were 7 elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (average age: 83 years; sex: 3 men and 4 women) and 8 non-tuberculous volunteers (81 years, 6 men and 2 women).