Project description:Array-CGH analysis and Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates pre and post ceftazidime relapse. Overall design: Genomic DNA from both the parental strains and variant strains were labeled with Cy3 or Cy5 fluorescent dyes and hybridized onto a customized microarray with probes designed from the reference Bp K96243 genome. Log2 signal ratios of parental strain over the variant strains were then computed after normalization to find genomic loss or gain in the variant strains.
Project description:Bacterial transcriptomes are dynamic, context-specific and condition-dependent. Infection by the soil bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei, causes melioidosis, an often fatal infectious disease of humans and animals. Possessing a large multi-chromosomal genome, B. pseudomallei is able to persist and survive in a multitude of environments. To obtain a comprehensive overview of B. pseudomallei expressed transcripts, we initiated whole-genome transcriptome profiling covering a broad spectrum of conditions and exposures – a so-called “condition compendium”. Using the compendium, we confirmed many previously-annotated genes and operons, and also identified hundreds of novel transcripts including anti-sense transcripts and non-coding RNAs. By systematically examining genes exhibiting highly similar expression patterns, we ascribed putative functions to previously uncharacterized genes, and identified novel regulatory elements controlling these expression patterns. We also used the compendium to elucidate candidate virulence pathways associated with quorum-sensing and infection in mice. Our study showcases the power of a B. pseudomallei condition compendium as a valuable resource for understanding microbial physiology and the pathogenesis of melioidosis. The transcriptome profiles of Bp exposed to 82 conditions were captured using a custom-designed tiling microarray and compiled into a compendium revealing novel genomic features and co-expression network.
Project description:Burkholderia pseudomallei is a soil-dwelling bacterium which has to survive not only under harsh environmental conditions, but also within various hosts where it can cause the infectious disease melioidosis. The ability, to quickly adapt to these different conditions, is based on its huge genome which encodes for complex regulatory networks. Among them are more than 60 genes belonging to the group of LysR-type transcriptional regulators (LTTRs). Here we analyzed a B. pseudomallei mutant harboring a transposon in the gene BPSL0117 annotated as a LTTR, which we named gvmR (globally acting virulence and metabolism regulator). The gvmR mutant displayed a growth defect in minimal medium and macrophages in comparison with the wild type. Moreover, inactivation of GvmR rendered B. pseudomallei avirulent in mice indicating a critical role of GvmR in infection. These defects of the mutant were rescued by ectopic expression of gvmR. To identify genes whose expression is modulated by GvmR, global transcriptome analysis of the B. pseudomallei wild type and gvmR mutant was performed using whole genome tiling microarrays. Transcript levels of 190 and 142 genes were found to be up- and downregulated in the gvmR mutant relative to the wild type. Among the most downregulated genes in the gvmR mutant were important virulence factor genes (T3SS3, T6SS1 and T6SS2), which might provide an explanation for the virulence defect of the gvmR mutant. In addition, expression of genes related to amino acid synthesis, glyoxylate shunt, iron-sulfur cluster assambly and syrbactin metabolism (secondary metabolite) was decreased in the mutant. Furthermore, inactivation of GvmR increased expression of genes involved in pyruvate metabolism, ATP synthesis, malleobactin and porin genes. Quantitative RT-PCR verified the differential expression of 27 selected genes. In summary, our data show that GvmR acts as an activating and repressing global regulator that is required to coordinate expression of a diverse set of metabolic and virulence genes for survival in the animal host and under nutrient limitation. Overall design: The transcriptome profiles of Burkholderia pseudomallei wild type strain E8 and corresponding transposon mutant strain (BPSL0117::Tn5) exposed to one growth condition (M9 minimal medium, exponential growth) were captured and compared using a custom-designed tiling microarray to elucidate the BPSL0117 dependent regulon. Three biological replicates per strain were used.
Project description:Array-CGH analysis and Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates pre and post ceftazidime relapse. Genomic DNA from both the parental strains and variant strains were labeled with Cy3 or Cy5 fluorescent dyes and hybridized onto a customized microarray with probes designed from the reference Bp K96243 genome. Log2 signal ratios of parental strain over the variant strains were then computed after normalization to find genomic loss or gain in the variant strains.
Project description:Gene expression profiles of human cell (THP-1) lines exposed to a novel Daboiatoxin (DbTx) isolated from Daboia russelli russelli, and specific cytokines and inflammatory pathways involved in acute infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. Keywords: Melioidosis, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Daboiatoxin, Cytokines, Inflammation. Overall design: 1. Group I:- Human monocytic macrophage (THP-1) cell lines grown in the culture medium without any bacterial infection served as untreated control group (Three Biological Replicates). 2. Group II:- THP-1 cells were infected with Burkholderia pseudomallei (A600 nm = OD 0.6, ~5 x 107 cfu/ml) for 24h served as a disease control group (Three Biological Replicates). 3. Group III:- THP-1 cells were infected with B. pseudomallei and treated with Daboiatoxin (0.5 mM) isolated from Daboia russelli russelli venom served as a treatment group (Three Biological Replicates). 4. Group IV:- THP-1 cells were infected with B. pseudomallei (A600 nm = OD 0.6, ~5 x 107 cfu/ml) treated with standard antimicrobial drug ceftazidime (10mg/ml) served as a drug control (Three Biological Replicates). 5. Group V:- THP-1 cells were exposed to Daboiatoxin (0.5 mM) without bacterial infection (Three Biological Replicates).