ABSTRACT: Comprehensive Identification of Long Non-coding RNAs in Purified Cell Types from the Brain Reveals Functional LncRNA in OPC Fate Determination (RNA-Seq of differentiated NSC after lnc-OPC knockdown)
Project description:To quantitative analysis of transcriptome changes caused by lnc-OPC knockdown during OPC differentiation from NSC, lentivirus-based short hairpin RNAs were used to knockdown the lnc-OPC expression in a neural stem cell culture . Subsequently, puromycin-selected NSCs were differentiated to OPC in culture for three days.RNA-Seq was performed on the polyadenylated fraction of RNA isolated from cell samples. DEseq was used for differential gene expression analysis caused by lnc-OPC knockdown. GO functional term enrichment analysis of differential gene expression caused by lnc-OPC knockdown, revealed significant enrichment of ‘oligodendrocyte development’, ‘oligodendrocyte differentiation’, ‘glia cell development’, and ‘axon ensheathment’ terms that are associated with oligodendrogenesis. mRNA profiles of differentiiated NSC samples after lnc-OPC knockdown by RNA-sequencing.
2015-11-04 | E-GEOD-74647 | ArrayExpress
Project description:Comprehensive Identification of Long Non-coding RNAs in Purified Cell Types from the Brain Reveals Functional LncRNA in OPC Fate Determination
Project description:Comprehensive Identification of Long Non-coding RNAs in Purified Cell Types from the Brain Reveals Functional LncRNA in OPC Fate Determination (OLIG2 Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) in mouse neural stem cells)
Project description:Recent studies have indicated important roles for long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as potential essential regulators of myogenesis and adult skeletal muscle regeneration. However, in vivo, the role and mechanism of lncRNAs in myogenic differentiation of adult skeletal muscle stem cells (MuSCs) and myogenesis are still largely unknown. Here, we identified a skeletal muscle specific-enriched lncRNA (myogenesis-associated lncRNA, short for lnc-mg). In vivo, skeletal muscle conditional knockout of lnc-mg resulted in muscle atrophy and the loss of muscular endurance during exercise. Alternatively, skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of lnc-mg promoted muscle hypertrophy in mice. In vitro analyses of primary skeletal muscle cells isolated from mice showed that expression of lnc-mg was increased gradually during myogenic differentiation and overexpressed lnc-mg improved cell differentiation. Mechanistically, lnc-mg promoted myogenesis, by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-125b to control protein abundance of Igf2. These findings identify lnc-mg as a novel and important noncoding regulator for muscle cell differentiation and skeletal muscle development. In order to identify functional lncRNAs correlating with myogenesis, microarrays were performed to detect the lncRNAs expression profile in undifferentiated MuSCs (GM, growth media/GM) ) and differentiated MuSCs (DM, differentiation media/DM). Overall design: Total RNAs was extracted from undifferentiated MuSCs (GM, growth media/GM) ) and differentiated MuSCs (DM, differentiation media/DM) by TRIzol Reagent (Life Technologies). Then the RNA quality was assessed by formaldehyde agarose gel electrophoresis, quantified spectrophotometrically and Agilent 2200 Bioanalyzer (Agilent, USA). Then labelled on Cy5 using ULS.
Project description:Obesity has emerged as a formidable health crisis due to its association with metabolic risk factors such as diabetes, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Recent work has demonstrated the multifaceted roles of lncRNAs in regulating mouse adipose development, but its implication in human adipocytes remain largely unknown at least partially due to the lack of a comprehensive lncRNA catalog, particularly those specifically expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT). In this study, we performed deep RNA-seq on adult subcutaneous, omental and fetal brown adipose tissues to de novo construct a catalog of 3,149 adipose active lncRNAs of which 1,351 are specifically detected in BAT. We further identified 318 lncRNAs conserved between human and mouse which, compared with non-conserved ones, are more broadly expressed in multiple cell types. One of these, lnc-dPRDM16, is transcribed divergently from Prdm16, tightly correlated with Prdm16 (R ≥ 0.7) in both mouse and human, and co-expressed (R ≥ 0.7) with protein-coding genes enriched in lipid and fatty acid catabolic processes. Loss of function of lnc-dPRDM16 led to a down-regulation of Prdm16 and an obvious reduction of adipogenesis in brown adipocyte culture. Together, our work has provided a comprehensive human adipose catalog built from diverse fat types, which when applied to our roadmap, identifies lnc-dPRDM16 as a promising modulator of adipose development for future clinical research. Overall design: Transcriptome profiling of BAT, OME and SUB samples
Project description:Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are transposable elements that cause host genome instability and usually play deleterious roles such as tumorigenesis. Recent advances also suggest that this 'enemy within' may encode viral mimic to induce antiviral immune responses through viral sensors. Here, through whole genome RNA-seq we discovered a full-length ERV-derived long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), designated lnc-EPAV (ERV-derived lncRNA positively regulates antiviral responses), as a positive regulator of NF-κB signaling. Lnc-EPAV expression was rapidly up-regulated by viral RNA mimic or RNA viruses to facilitate the expression of RELA, an NF-κB subunit that plays a critical role in antiviral responses. In turn, RELA promoted the transcription of lnc-EPAV to form a positive feedback loop. Transcriptome analysis of lnc-EPAV-silenced macrophages, combined with gain- and loss-of-function experiments, showed that lnc-EPAV was critical for induction of type I interferon (IFN) and inflammatory cytokine expression by RNA viruses. Consistently, lnc-EPAV-deficient mice exhibited reduced expression of type I IFNs, and consequently increased viral loads and mortality following lethal RNA virus infection. Mechanistically, lnc-EPAV promoted expression of RELA by competitively binding to and displacing SFPQ, a transcriptional repressor of RELA. The binding between ERV-derived RNAs and SFPQ also existed in human cells. Altogether, our work demonstrates an alternative mechanism by which ERVs regulate antiviral immune responses.
Project description:Total RNA was isolated from leiomyoma and paired myometrium (N=8) and samples from three pairs were subjected to RNA sequencing. After analysis, 5941 lncRNAs (2813 up- and 3128 down-regulated at ≥1.5 fold), 148 miRNAs (56 up- and 96 down-regulated at ≥1.5 fold) and 3855 mRNAs (2030 up- and 1855 down-regulated at ≥1.5 fold) were differentially expressed in leiomyomas. Using QRT-PCR we further confirmed the expression of HULC, lnc-MEG3, LINC00890, TSIX, LINC00473, lnc-KLF9-1 and lnc-POTEM-3 (lncRNA-ATB) in leiomyoma and matched myometrium (N=8). Our results presented here provide a comprehensive expression profile of lncRNAs in leiomyomas with concurrent integrated expression of miRNAs and mRNAs in leiomyomas. Overall design: Identify the expression profile of lncRNAs with concurrent assessment of miRNAs and mRNAs profiles in leiomyomas and paired myometrium using next generation RNA sequencing
Project description:Activated T cells inhibit neurogenesis in adult animal brain and cultured human fetal neural stem cells (NSC). However, the role of inhibition of neurogenesis in human neuroinflammatory diseases is still uncertain because of the difficulty in obtaining adult NSC from patients. Recent developments in cell reprogramming suggest that NSC may be derived directly from adult fibroblasts. We generated NSC from adult human peripheral CD34+ cells by transfecting the cells with Sendai virus constructs containing Sox-2, Oct3/4, C-MyC and Klf-4. The derived NSC could be differentiated to astroglia and action potential firing neurons. Co-culturing NSC with activated autologous T cells or treatment with recombinant granzyme B caused inhibition of neurogenesis as indicated by decreased NSC proliferation and neuronal differentiation. Thus, we have established a unique autologous in vitro model to study the pathophysiology of neuroinflammatory diseases that has potential for usage in personalized medicine. 11 Human samples from 7 sources representing 4 different cell types: 2 CD34 (CD34+ cells purified from adult peripheral blood), 3 iNS (induced Neural Stem Cells derived directly from CD34+ cells), 2 iNS derived from iPSC (Neural Stem cells differentiated from induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from CD34+ cells), 4 NPC (human primary cultured neural progenitor cells)
Project description:Obesity induces profound transcriptome changes in adipocytes; recent evidence suggests that lncRNAs play key roles in this process. Here, we performed a comprehensive transcriptome study by RNA-Seq in adipocytes isolated from interscapular brown, inguinal and epididymal white adipose tissues in diet-induced obese mice. Our analysis reveals a set of obesity-dysregulated lncRNAs, many of which exhibit dynamic changes in fed vs. fasted state, potentially serving as novel molecular markers reflecting adipose energy status. Among the most prominent ones is Lnc-leptin, an lncRNA transcribed from an enhancer region upstream of Leptin. Expression of Lnc-leptin is sensitive to insulin and closely correlates to Leptin expression across diverse pathophysiological conditions. Functionally, induction of Lnc-leptin is essential for adipogenesis, and its presence is required for a loop formation between exon2 of Lnc-leptin and promoter of Leptin in mature adipocytes and the maintenance of Leptin expression in vitro and in vivo. Our study establishes Lnc-leptin as a new regulator of Leptin. Overall design: For inguinal and epididymal adipocytes, RNA-Seq experiments on biological triplicates were performed per diet per type of adipocyte. For interscapular brown adipocytes, only one biological sample was collected per diet. In order to collect a substantial floating adipocyte layer, each biological sample consists of tissues from 3-5 mice.