Project description:The taxonomic affiliation of Pseudomonas isolates is currently assessed by using the 16S rRNA gene, MultiLocus Sequence Analysis (MLSA), or whole genome sequencing. Therefore, microbiologists are facing an arduous choice, either using the universal marker, knowing that these affiliations could be inaccurate, or engaging in more laborious and costly approaches. The rpoD gene, like the 16S rRNA gene, is included in most MLSA procedures and has already been suggested for the rapid identification of certain groups of Pseudomonas. However, a comprehensive overview of the rpoD-based phylogenetic relationships within the Pseudomonas genus is lacking. In this study, we present the rpoD-based phylogeny of 217 type strains of Pseudomonas and defined a cutoff value of 98% nucleotide identity to differentiate strains at the species level. To validate this approach, we sequenced the rpoD of 145 environmental isolates and complemented this analysis with whole genome sequencing. The rpoD sequence allowed us to accurately assign Pseudomonas isolates to 20 known species and represents an excellent first diagnostic tool to identify new Pseudomonas species. Finally, rpoD amplicon sequencing appears as a reliable and low-cost alternative, particularly in the case of large environmental studies with hundreds or thousands of isolates.
Project description:Pseudomonas spp. are able to colonize a large variety of environments due to their wide adaptability which is also associated with an N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) gene regulation mechanism called quorum sensing (QS). In this article we present a systematic overview of the genomic arrangement patterns of quorum sensing genes found in Pseudomonas and compare the topologies with those found in other bacterial genomes. We find that the topological arrangement of QS genes is more variable than previously thought but there are a few unifying features that occur in many of the topological arrangements. We hypothesize that the negative regulators of QS that are often found between the canonical luxR/ and luxI-family genes may be crucial for stabilizing the output of QS circuits.
Project description:Pseudomonas syringae is pathogenic in a wide variety of plants, causing diseases with economic impacts. Pseudomonas syringae pathovars produce several toxins that can function as virulence factors and contribute to disease symptoms. These virulence factors include antimetabolite toxins, such as tabtoxin, phaseolotoxin and mangotoxin, which target enzymes in the pathways of amino acid metabolism. The antimetabolite toxins are generally located in gene clusters present in the flexible genomes of specific strains. These gene clusters are typically present in blocks of genes that appear to be integrated into specific sites in the P. syringae core genome. A general overview of the genetic organization and biosynthetic and regulatory functions of these genetic traits of the antimetabolite toxins will be given in the present work.
Project description:Pseudomonas is the bacterial genus of Gram-negative bacteria with the highest number of recognized species. It is divided phylogenetically into three lineages and at least 11 groups of species. The Pseudomonas putida group of species is one of the most versatile and best studied. It comprises 15 species with validly published names. As a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project, we present the genome sequences of the type strains of five species included in this group: Pseudomonas monteilii (DSM 14164T), Pseudomonas mosselii (DSM 17497T), Pseudomonas plecoglossicida (DSM 15088T), Pseudomonas taiwanensis (DSM 21245T) and Pseudomonas vranovensis (DSM 16006T). These strains represent species of environmental and also of clinical interest due to their pathogenic properties against humans and animals. Some strains of these species promote plant growth or act as plant pathogens. Their genome sizes are among the largest in the group, ranging from 5.3 to 6.3 Mbp. In addition, the genome sequences of the type strains in the Pseudomonas taxonomy were analysed via genome-wide taxonomic comparisons of ANIb, gANI and GGDC values among 130 Pseudomonas strains classified within the group. The results demonstrate that at least 36 genomic species can be delineated within the P. putida phylogenetic group of species.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Bacterial blotch is a group of economically important diseases affecting the cultivation of common button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Despite being studied for more than a century, the identity and nomenclature of blotch-causing Pseudomonas species is still unclear. This study aims to molecularly characterize the phylogenetic and phenotypic diversity of blotch pathogens in Western Europe. METHODS:In this study, blotched mushrooms were sampled from farms across the Netherlands, United Kingdom and Belgium. Bacteria were isolated from symptomatic cap tissue and tested in pathogenicity assays on fresh caps and in pots. Whole genome sequences of pathogenic and non-pathogenic isolates were used to establish phylogeny via multi-locus sequence alignment (MLSA), average nucleotide identity (ANI) and in-silico DNA:DNA hybridization (DDH) analyses. RESULTS:The known pathogens "Pseudomonas gingeri", P. tolaasii, "P. reactans" and P. costantinii were recovered from blotched mushroom caps. Seven novel pathogens were also identified, namely, P. yamanorum, P. edaphica, P. salomonii and strains that clustered with Pseudomonas sp. NC02 in one genomic species, and three non-pseudomonads, i.e. Serratia liquefaciens, S. proteamaculans and a Pantoea sp. Insights on the pathogenicity and symptom severity of these blotch pathogens were also generated. CONCLUSION:A detailed overview of genetic and regional diversity and the virulence of blotch pathogens in Western Europe, was obtained via the phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses. This information has implications in the study of symptomatic disease expression, development of diagnostic tools and design of localized strategies for disease management.
Project description:Cunner (<i>Tautogolabrus adspersus</i>) is a cleaner fish being considered for utilized in the North Atlantic salmon (<i>Salmo salar</i>) aquaculture industry to biocontrol sea lice infestations. However, bacterial diseases due to natural infections in wild cunners have yet to be described. This study reports the isolation of <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 from infected wild cunners and its phenotypic, genomic, and transcriptomic characterization. This Gram-negative motile rod-shaped bacterium showed a mesophilic (4-28 °C) and halotolerant growth. Under iron-limited conditions, <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 produced pyoverdine-type fluorescent siderophore. Koch's postulates were verified in wild cunners by intraperitoneally (i.p.) injecting <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 at 4 × 10<sup>3</sup>, 4 × 10<sup>5</sup>, and 4 × 10<sup>7</sup> colony forming units (CFU)/dose. Host-range and comparative virulence were also investigated in lumpfish and Atlantic salmon i.p. injected with ~10<sup>6</sup> CFU/dose. Lumpfish were more susceptible compared to cunners, and Atlantic salmon was resistant to <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 infection. Cunner tissues were heavily colonized by <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 compared to lumpfish and Atlantic salmon suggesting that it might be an opportunistic pathogen in cunners. The genome of <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 was 6.26 megabases (Mb) with a guanine-cytosine (GC) content of 59.7%. Biochemical profiles, as well as comparative and phylogenomic analyses, suggested that <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380 belongs to the <i>P. fluorescens</i> species complex. Transcriptome profiling under iron-limited vs. iron-enriched conditions identified 1159 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Cellular metabolic processes, such as ribosomal and energy production, and protein synthesis, were impeded by iron limitation. In contrast, genes involved in environmental adaptation mechanisms including two-component systems, histidine catabolism, and redox balance were transcriptionally up-regulated. Furthermore, iron limitation triggered the differential expression of genes encoding proteins associated with iron homeostasis. As the first report on a bacterial infection in cunners, the current study provides an overview of a new marine pathogen, <i>Pseudomonas</i> sp. J380.
Project description:We report the transcriptome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 under swarming conditions as compared to a swimming control Overall design: Examination of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 transcriptome under swarming conditions
Project description:Anthropogenic pollution has increased the levels of heavy metals in the environment. Bacterial populations continue to thrive in highly polluted environments and bacteria must have mechanisms to counter heavy metal stress. We chose to examine the response of the environmentally-relevant organism Pseudomonas aeruginosa to two different copper treatments. A short, 45 min exposure to copper was done in the Cu shock treatment to examine the immediate transcriptional profile to Cu stress. The Cu adapted treatment was designed to view the transcriptional profile of cells that were actively growing in the presence of Cu. Experiment Overall Design: We analyzed 2 biological replicates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exposed to a 45 min Cu shock as compared to a control that was exposed to HCl to bring the pH to similar levels. We analyzed 2 biological replicates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa that were grown in the presence of Cu for approx. 6h (Cu adapted) as compared to an untreated control.
Project description:Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain 30-84 is an effective biological control agent against take-all disease of wheat. In this study, we conducted an RNA-seq analysis by comparing the wild type strain, PCA and O star with a phenazine deficient mutant. RNA-seq analysis identified over 800 genes differentially regulated by phenazines. Overall design: A total of 8 samples were analyzed in AB medium + 2% casamino acids, Pseudomonas chlororaphis wild type strain (2 replicates); Pseudomonas chlororaphis ZN mutant (2 replicates); Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCA strain (2 replicates); Pseudomonas chlororaphis O star (2 replicates).
Project description:ErfA is a transcription factor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We here define the genome-wide binding sites of ErfA by DAP-seq in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and IHMA87, Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23, Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 and Pseudomonas putida KT2440. Overall design: DAP-seq analysis of His-tagged purified ErfA protein binding to sheared genomic DNA of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and IHMA87, Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23, Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 and Pseudomonas putida KT2440. DAP-seq was performed with ErfA protein from P. aeruginosa or P. chlororaphis. Samples with P. chloroaphis ErfA include "chlo" in the sample title.