Project description:Digital gene expression (DGE) analysis was performed to study differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between CK and P. coffeae challenged (CH) roots of ramie. A total of 10.16 and 8.07 million clean reads were detected in the CK and CH libraries, respectively. A total of 137 genes were identified as DEGs, 117 and 20 of them were up- and down- regulated respectively, in response to P. coffeae infection. Roots samples of Pratylenchus coffeae infected(E2) and un-infected (E1) ramie were RNA-Seq sequenced to compare differented expressed genes.
Project description:Similar to other plant-parasitic nematodes, root lesion nematodes possess an array of enzymes that are involved in degradation of the plant cell wall. Here we report the identification of a gene encoding a cell wall degrading enzyme, pectin methylesterase PME (EC 184.108.40.206), in the root lesion nematode Pratylenchus penetrans. Both genomic and coding sequences of the gene were cloned for this species, showing the presence of four introns that excluded a potential bacterial contamination. Expression of the Pp-pme gene was localized in the esophageal glands of P. penetrans as determined by in situ hybridization. Temporal expression of Pp-pme in planta was validated for early time points of infection. The possible function and activity of the gene were assessed by transient expression of Pp-pme in N. benthamiana plants via a Potato virus X-based vector. To our knowledge, this is the first report on identification and characterization of a PME gene within the phylum Nematoda.