Decidualization of the endometrium and endometriosis involves the morphological and biochemical reprogramming of the estrogen-primed proliferative stromal compartment under the continuing influence of progesterone. Here, we evaluated the involvement of microRNA in the decidualization processes of normal endometrial stromal cells (NESCs) and endometriotic cyst stromal cells (ECSCs). In vitro decidualization of NESCs and ECSCs was induced by long-term culture with a combination of 0.5 mmol/L of di ...[more]
Project description:To clarify mineralcorticoid receptor and glucocorticoid receptor-dependent gene networks in decidualizing human endometrial stromal cells. Genome-wide microarray analysis was performed on primary cultures established from 4 different patients. Stromal cell cultures were subjected to either GR or MR siRNA knockdown or control non-targeting siRNA then decidualized for four days before harvesting and RNA extraction for microarray analysis.
Project description:During the invasive phase of implantation, trophoblasts and maternal decidual stromal cells secrete products that regulate trophoblast differentiation and migration into the maternal endometrium. Paracrine interactions between the extravillous trophoblast and the maternal decidua are important for successful embryonic implantation, including establishing the placental vasculature, anchoring the placenta to the uterine wall, and promoting immuno-acceptance of the fetal allograph. Global cross-talk between the trophoblast and the decidua has not been elucidated to date, and the current study used a functional genomics approach to investigate these paracrine interactions. Human endometrial stromal cells were decidualized with progesterone and were further treated with conditioned media (CM) from human trophoblasts (TCM) or, as a control, with conditioned media (CCM) from non-decidualized stromal cells for 0, 3 and 12 hr. Total RNA was isolated and processed for analysis on whole genome, high density oligonucleotide arrays, containing 54,600 genes. Our data demonstrate a significant induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, as well as angiogenic/static factors in decidualized endometrial stromal cells in response to trophoblast-secreted products. The data suggest that the trophoblast acts to alter the local immune environment of the decidua to facilitate the process of implantation and assure an enriched cytokine/chemokine environment, while limiting mitotic activity of the stromal cells during the invasive phase of implantation.
Project description:To clarify mineralcorticoid receptor and glucocorticoid receptor-dependent gene networks in decidualizing human endometrial stromal cells. Overall design: Genome-wide microarray analysis was performed on primary cultures established from 4 different patients. Stromal cell cultures were subjected to either GR or MR siRNA knockdown or control non-targeting siRNA then decidualized for four days before harvesting and RNA extraction for microarray analysis.
Project description:The homeobox gene HOXA10 plays a key role in endometrial differentiation during embryogenesis and is abundantly expressed in the adult endometrium and decidual cells. In the adult endometrium the expression of HOXA10 is regulated by estrogen and progesterone and the levels are highest in the decidualized cells. We have shown that HOXA10 is required in the endometrial cells to maintain the decidual cell phenotype. In this study we aimed to determine the molecular mechanisms by which HOXA10 maintains the decidual phenotype and the other roles it might have in decidual physiology. In vitro decidualized human endometrial stromal cells were knocked down for HOXA10 using siRNA and gene expression profiles of the scrambled and HOXA10 siRNA transfected cells were compared at 24, 48 and 72 h post transfection. Several genes having multiple functions were found to be differentially expressed. We postulate that HOXA10 is required by the decidual cells to support immune cell differentiation, trophoblast invasion and cellular remodeling. In vitro decidualized priamry cultures of human endometrial strmal cells transfected with a siRNA againts HOXA10 or a scrambled siRNA. Cells harvested at 24, 48 and 72 h post transfection. Dual channel hybridization with dye swap design in biological replicates