ABSTRACT: RNA-sequencing analysis of a wildtype CHO cell line (CHO-K1), a mutant CHO cell line (pgsA745) that lacks xylosyltransferase (XylT) activity, and pgsA745 stably transfected with XylT1 (pgsA745-XylT1).
Project description:The critical role of interleukin-7 (IL-7) in homeostatic proliferation and T cell survival has made it a promising cytokine for the treatment of various clinical conditions, especially those associated with lymphopenia.In the present study we expressed recombinant human interleukin-7 (rhIL-7) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells. CHO-K1 cells were stably transfected with both circular and linear forms of the pBud-hIL-7 recombinant by electroporation. Expression of rhIL-7 in CHO-K1 cells was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and dot and western blots.On western blots of transformed cells, a single 25 kDa band was observed, consistent with the expected molecular weight of glycosylated hIL-7. No significant expression difference was observed between cells transfected with circular or linear plasmids.We established a stable CHO-K1 cell line expressing rhIL-7, which we consider to be a promising system for the production of rhIL-7 as a biopharmaceutical.
Project description:Novel biotherapeutic glycoproteins, like recombinant monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are widely used for the treatment of numerous diseases. The N-glycans attached to the constant region of an antibody have been demonstrated to be crucial for the biological efficacy. Even minor modifications of the N-glycan structure can dictate the potency of IgG effector functions such as the antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). Here, we present the development of a glycoengineered CHO-K1 host cell line (HCL), stably expressing ?1,4-N-Acetylglucoseaminyltransferase III (GnT-III) and ?-mannosidase II (Man-II), for the expression of a-fucosylated antibodies with enhanced Fc-mediated effector function. Glycoengineered HCLs were generated in a two-step strategy, starting with generating parental HCLs by stable transfection of CHO-K1 cells with GnT-III and Man-II. In a second step, parental HCLs were stably transfected a second time with these two transgenes to increase their copy number in the genetic background. Generated glycoengineered CHO-K1 cell lines expressing two different mAbs deliver antibody products with a content of more than 60% a-fucosylated glycans. In-depth analysis of the N-glycan structure revealed that the majority of the Fc-attached glycans of the obtained mAbs were of complex bisected type. Furthermore, we showed the efficient use of Fc?RIIIa affinity chromatography as a novel method for the fast assessment of the mAbs a-fucosylation level. By testing different cultivation conditions for the pre-glycoengineered recombinant CHO-K1 clones, we identified key components essential for the production of a-fucosylated mAbs. The prevalent effect could be attributed to the trace element manganese, which leads to a strong increase of a-fucosylated complex- and hybrid-type glycans. In conclusion, the novel pre-glycoengineered CHO-K1 HCL can be used for the production of antibodies with high ratios of a-fucosylated Fc-attached N-glycans. Application of our newly developed Fc?RIIIa affinity chromatography method during cell line development and use of optimized cultivation conditions can ultimately support the efficient development of a-fucosylated mAbs.
Project description:It has well been known that human and rodents exhibit a preference for fats. This suggests the existence of an orosensory system responsible for the detection of dietary fats. A plasma membrane glycoprotein CD36, besides the role in the uptake of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) as well as oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) in a variety of cells, has been postulated to be a candidate fat taste receptor on the tongue. Therefore, molecules that bind with CD36 to cause intracellular signaling but have fewer calories could be substitutes for dietary fats. In the present study, we developed an in vitro system for the screening of CD36 ligands using Chinese hamster ovary-K1 cells (CHO-K1) stably transfected with human or mouse CD36. When incubated with OxLDL labeled with fluorescence dye, the fluorescence was much higher in the transfected CHO-K1 cells than in non-transfected CHO-K1 cells. Incubation of the transfected cells with OxLDL caused a rapid phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinase, and the degree was significantly higher compared with that in non-transfected CHO-K1 cells. The expression system using CHO-K1 cells could be a convenient tool to screen the novel ligands of CD36.
Project description:1. The aim of this study was to establish the utility of a fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR) assay to assess human adenosine A(2B) receptor function by characterizing its receptor pharmacology and comparing this profile to that obtained using a microphysiometer. 2. FLIPR was used, in conjunction with a Ca(2+)-sensitive dye (Fluo-3-AM), to measure rapid rises in intracellular calcium in a Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO-K1) cell line stably transfected with both the human A(2B) receptor and a promiscuous G(alpha16) protein. Microphysiometry was used to measure rapid changes in the rate of extracellular acidification in a Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK-293) cell line also stably transfected with human A(2B) receptor. 3. Activation of A(2B) receptors by various ligands caused a concentration-dependent increase in both the intracellular calcium concentration and the extracellular acidification rate in the cells tested, with a similar rank order of potency for agonists: NECA > N(6)-Benzyl NECA > adenosine > or = R-PIA > CPA > S-PIA > CHA > CGS 21680. No comparable effects were observed in the non-transfected control cell lines. 4. The rank order of potency of the agonists examined was the same in all studies, whereas absolute potency and efficacy varied. Thus, all compounds exhibited greater potency in FLIPR than the microphysiometer and the efficacies obtained with CHO-K1 + G(alpha16) + A(2B) cell line and FLIPR were greater than those obtained with HEK-293 + A(2B) cell line in the microphysiometer. 5. ZM-241385 was the most potent of a range of adenosine antagonists tested with a pA(2) of 8.0 in both the FLIPR and microphysiometer assays. 6. In conclusion, the profile of the responses to both A(2B) receptor agonists and antagonists in FLIPR were similar to those obtained by the microphysiometer, although both potency and efficacy values were higher in the FLIPR assay. With this caveat in mind, this study shows that FLIPR coupled with a cell line transfected with both the human A(2B) receptor and a promiscuous G(alpha16) protein provides a useful, high throughput method for the assessment of A(2B) receptor function.
Project description:The clinical relevance of the urokinase receptor (uPAR) as a prognostic marker in ovarian cancer is well documented. We had shown that the uPAR sequence corresponding to 84-95 residues, linking D1 and D2 domains (uPAR84-95), drives cell migration and angiogenesis in a protease-independent manner. This study was aimed at defining the contribution of uPAR84-95 sequence to invasion of ovarian cancer cells. Now, we provide evidence that the ability of uPAR-expressing ovarian cancer cells to cross extra-cellular matrix and mesothelial monolayers is prevented by specific inhibitors of the uPAR84-95 sequence. To specifically investigate uPAR84-95 function, uPAR-negative CHO-K1 cells were stably transfected with cDNAs coding for uPAR D2 and D3 regions exposing (uPARD2D3) or lacking (uPAR∆D2D3) the 84-95 sequence. CHO-K1/D2D3 cells were able to cross matrigel, mesothelial and endothelial monolayers more efficiently than CHO-K1/∆D2D3 cells, which behave as CHO-K1 control cells. When orthotopically implanted in nude mice, tumor nodules generated by CHO-K1/D2D3 cells spreading to peritoneal cavity were more numerous as compared to CHO-K1/∆D2D3 cells. Ovarian tumor size and intra-tumoral microvessel density were significantly reduced in the absence of uPAR84-95. Our results indicate that cell associated uPAR promotes growth and abdominal dissemination of ovarian cancer cells mainly through its uPAR84-95 sequence.